2DescriptionThe author describes a topic by listing character- istics, features, attributes and examplesFor exampleCharacteristicsFor instanceSuch asIs likeIncludingTo illustrate
3SequenceFirstSecondThirdLaterNextBeforeThenFinallyAfterWhenSinceNowPreviouslyActual use of datesThe author lists items or events in numerical or chronologi cal sequence, either explicit or implied
4ComparisonHoweverNeverthelessOn the other handButSimilarlyAlthoughAlsoIn contrastDifferentAlikeSame asEither/orIn the same wayJust asLikewiseIn comparisonWhere asYetInformation is presented by detailing how two or more events, concepts, theories, or things are alike and/or different.
5Cause and EffectThe author presents ideas, events in time, or facts as causes and the resulting effects or facts that happen as a result of an event.If/thenReasons whyAs a resultThereforeBecauseConsequentlySince so thatForHenceDue toThusThis led to
6Problem and SolutionProblem isDilemma isIf/thenBecauseSo thatQuestions/answerPuzzle is solvedThe author presents a problem and one or more solutions to the problem