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The Journey Of Adulthood, 6/e Helen L. Bee & Barbara R. Bjorklund Chapter 12 THE SUCCESSFUL JOURNEY
Themes of Adult Development Young Adulthood (18-25) Early Adulthood (25-40) Middle Adulthood (40-65) Late Adulthood (65-75) Late, Late Adulthood (75 +) The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved.
Young Adulthood (18-25) Period of considerable change (e.g., education, independence, etc.). High level of change often associated with high level of stress. Themes of Adult Development
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Early Adulthood (25-40) Peaks in physical and mental functioning. Move from conformity to individualistic approach. Themes of Adult Development
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Middle Adulthood (40-65) Time of distinct change. Biological clock plays important role. Signs of aging become more and more apparent and less easy to overcome. Social clock becomes less significant. Sense of choice appears key to this age period. There is considerable variability in pathways during this period. Midlife Crisis Themes of Adult Development
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Late Adulthood (65-75) Young old are more like middle aged than like the old old. Period marked by loss of work role. Disengagement: healthy withdrawal from social roles and contacts and greater freedom from the rules and expectations of early childhood. Some literature suggests this is not a universal process. Adults who remain engaged report higher levels of satisfaction. Themes of Adult Development
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Late, Late Adulthood (75 +) Fastest growing segment of the U.S. population. Time when processes of physical and mental aging really accelerate. Physical limitations result in further disengagement. Selective optimization with compensation Life Review: progressive return to consciousness of past experience, and particularly, the resurgence of unresolved conflicts. Period of preparation for death. Themes of Adult Development
Variations in Successful Development Overall Life Satisfaction Age: Age has little systematic relationship to the level of reported well-being. Younger adults experience stronger feelings – positive and negative. Adults use different comparative base to define successes over lifespan. Personality: Personality indices are associated with happiness. Positive social relationships contribute strongly to happiness. A sense of personal control is linked to satisfaction. The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved.
Individual Differences in Quality of Life Health SES Age Gender Race and ethnicity Marital status Activities Social integration Psychosocial factors Social comparisons Cultural differences Variations in Successful Development
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Other Measures of Life Success Psychological health: characterized by warmth, responsibility, independence and calmness. Psychosocial adjustment: those who age well are those who start out well in young adulthood.
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. A Model of Growth and Development 1) There are shared, basic sequential physical and psychological developments occurring during adulthood, roughly (but not precisely) age-linked. 2) Each adult’s development occurs primarily within a specific pathway or trajectory, strongly influenced by the starting conditions of education, family background, ethnicity, intelligence, and personality.
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. 3) Each pathway is made up of a series of alternating episodes of stable life structure and disequilibrium. 4) The outcome of periods of disequilibrium may be either positive, neutral, or negative. The effects of several disequilibrium periods are cumulative. Range of possible outcomes in terms of adaptive/maladaptive and maturation do not correlate perfectly with happiness. A Model of Growth and Development (cont.)
The Journey of Adulthood 6/e by Bee & Bjorklund. Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education. All rights reserved. A Last Look at the Model Limitations in this model are its oversimplification and cultural-specificity. Nonetheless, the model is a useful way to organize the diverse and complicated process of the journey of aging.
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