Presentation on theme: " There is no such thing as a child-neutral policy Every policy positively or negatively affects the lives of children To comply with the CRC, the."— Presentation transcript:
There is no such thing as a child-neutral policy Every policy positively or negatively affects the lives of children To comply with the CRC, the impact on children of policies, laws and budgetary decisions must be assessed
Child impact assessment Is a concrete way to ensure children are placed at the forefront of political and decision-making agendas Can help prevent harm and minimize the risks of costly mistakes Is an opportunity to systematically examine the potential impacts of policies and programmes ex ante – as they are being developed – rather than after they have been put into effect Serves the best interests of the child and enhances compliance with international commitments to child rights
Ensure children are at the heart of policies and projects Without a specific focus on them, children are likely to be missed. Help governments meet their obligations under the CRC To meet that commitments under the CRC, they must first understand what potential impacts their actions may have on children – both positively and negatively
The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child recommends that Child IAs be undertaken: When preparing or implementing new guidelines or programmes When preparing or implementing new legislation, regulations or resolutions When preparing or implementing budgets or other financial estimates on a national, regional and local level. Whenever there are public proposals that are likely to have a significant impact on children and their families, including in subject areas that are not necessarily child specific.
Can be integrated into the evaluation level of programme and project cycle management by: Identifying whether a recent Child IA has been conducted in the country Ensure its findings can be used for sectoral and programme accountability and improving the overall responsiveness of programmes Ensuring findings can be used for lessons learned and directly influence design of new programme priorities Using CHILD IA to link child rights-related policies to measurable results and impacts.
Proposed tax policy in Serbia In 2010, to mitigate the effects of falling revenues due to the global economic crisis, the Serbian Government proposed a 4% increase in value added tax (VAT) and a series of other fiscal reforms. UNICEF Serbia commissioned a Belgrade-based research institute to conduct an ex-ante Child IA of the proposed taxation reform.
Key stakeholders should be children themselves, as they are best placed to provide information on issues that concern them Children can improve the quality of impact assessments by, for example: Highlighting issues not considered by others Providing insights into the impacts of policies on different members of the household Providing insights into issues not seen as priorities by adults Identifying effective mitigation strategies and small- scale approaches Enabling research on impacts affecting significantly disadvantaged groups
See Tool 5.2 for the elements of drafting terms of reference for a Child IA expert or team to conduct the assessment.