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Published byJuan Gardner Modified over 9 years ago
World Bank and SPS With special emphasis on the recently established multi-donor Standards and Trade Facility Cees de Haan Agriculture and Rural Department, World Bank
Outline of Presentation Context of WB involvement in Standard and Trade Issues; and World Bank support for Standards and Trade Development Facility at WTO.
Context of WB involvement in Standard and Trade Issues
Overall context of WB s involvement of trade Increased attention to trade issues: Increased advocacy from WB Senior Management for developing country interests (subsidies, SPS); Increased awareness of importance of exports for rural poverty reduction; Increased demand from developing countries; Creation of new Trade Department; and Significant increase in research work on trade and SPS issues.
On-going WB Standards/SPS Work Three areas: Methodology development Country and regional assessments Implementation
On-going WB Standards/SPS Work Methodology development and global priority setting; Economic research on impact and policy options regarding technical barriers to trade, including SPS; SPS toolkit for priority setting in policies and investments; and Cost of compliance study to identify key areas for intervention, including capacity building.
On-going WB Standards/SPS Work Country and regional assessments Food Safety workshops to bring together international organizations and regional and national authorities for development of action plans on capacity building; and Standards, capacity building and trade in SSA.
On-going WB Standards/SPS Work Country and regional assessments (ii) Integrated framework for trade related technical assistance to least developed countries; Interagency program to prepare comprehensive action plans to integrate least developed and low income countries in trade (including SPS) Goes beyond trade ministries; and Feeds directly in other poverty reduction strategies
On-going WB Standards/SPS Work Implementation Standards and Trade Development Facility (more to follow); Action plans resulting from IF, TBT assessments, national/regional workshops, and SSA assessment; and WB investment operations.
WB investment operations in SPS/Trade sectors Some common characteristics: Component of larger rural development operations; Focusing on holistic approaches (farm to table); Combining institutional reforms with investments in hardware and software capacity building; Relying on partners for expertise; and Increasing need to co-financing of capacity building components. Some US $ 150 million per year in new commitments in SPS capacity building
Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF) A work in Progress
Background to STDF Increased awareness of need to integrate developing countries in international trading systems; Increased demand from developing countries; Joint Doha declaration of Heads of FAO, OIE, WHO, WTO and WB for closer cooperation in SPS related issues, and jointly explore financial and technical mechanisms for coordination and resource mobilization, and build alliances between standard- setting bodies (Codex, IPPC and OIE), and implementing and financing agencies and Coordination meetings between agencies already on- going.
WB Funding of STDF at WTO Key objective is to facilitate and support: Coordination of development assistance of partner institutions in SPS; Capacity enhancement of developing countries to participate in standard setting; Capacity building of public and private sectors to comply and benefit of international trade, as affected by SPS; US $ 300,000 per year seed money from WB for up to 3 years; Note: Facilitation not Implementation; and Complementing not substituting
Specific activities of STDF Support and facilitation of Informal information exchange (meetings, training activities/material, toolkits) for better coordination of activities of participating organizations with developing countries; Funding capacity building projects in countries/regions, with public and private sectors; and Complementing activities of all partners to support developing countries in standard setting.
Proposed Operation of STDF High level Policy Committee to set and approve overall policy agenda, and evaluate progress; Consultative meetings with developing countries, donors, other partners on needs and priorities; Technical level Working Group, to prepare and approve detailed work plans (type of databases, developing country activities, countries, implementing agencies/consortia, time schedule, resource mobilization, reporting); Small Secretariat to support facilitate these activities; and Now finalizing guidelines and draft work plan
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