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1 Air Conditioning Compressors. 2 Types of Compressors 1.Rotary- Small appliances 2.Screw- Large Chillers 3.Scroll- Central Air Conditioning; Newer Chillers.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Air Conditioning Compressors. 2 Types of Compressors 1.Rotary- Small appliances 2.Screw- Large Chillers 3.Scroll- Central Air Conditioning; Newer Chillers."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Air Conditioning Compressors

2 2 Types of Compressors 1.Rotary- Small appliances 2.Screw- Large Chillers 3.Scroll- Central Air Conditioning; Newer Chillers 4.Centrifugal- Large Chillers 5.Reciprocating- Refrigeration and A/C Systems 1.Rotary- Small appliances 2.Screw- Large Chillers 3.Scroll- Central Air Conditioning; Newer Chillers 4.Centrifugal- Large Chillers 5.Reciprocating- Refrigeration and A/C Systems

3 3 Hermetic- Welded inside shell Semi Hermetic- Bolted together and can be serviced Open-Motor and Compressor are separate and are attached by a belt or coupling Hermetic- Welded inside shell Semi Hermetic- Bolted together and can be serviced Open-Motor and Compressor are separate and are attached by a belt or coupling

4 4 Rotary Small and light weight Uses blades or vanes to move refrigerant Small and light weight Uses blades or vanes to move refrigerant

5 5 Operation 1.Eccentric rotor (off center) 2.Rotates inside cylinder 3.Suction and discharge are separated 4.Dome is on high side 5.Ports (tube stubs)

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7 7 Advantages Efficiency is higher than a reciprocating type Can pull a deeper vacuum –No dead head space Less apt to blow fuses (trip breakers) on start up Efficiency is higher than a reciprocating type Can pull a deeper vacuum –No dead head space Less apt to blow fuses (trip breakers) on start up

8 8 Screw Compressor Used on large chilled water systems Available in sizes 20 tons and up Operation (helical screw compressor) Refrigerant vapor is drawn into the space between the lobes of the screws As the voids between the lobes gets smaller the gas is compressed and piped to the condenser Screw compressors will operate smoothly even when capacity is reduced to as low as 10% Used on large chilled water systems Available in sizes 20 tons and up Operation (helical screw compressor) Refrigerant vapor is drawn into the space between the lobes of the screws As the voids between the lobes gets smaller the gas is compressed and piped to the condenser Screw compressors will operate smoothly even when capacity is reduced to as low as 10%

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10 10 Scroll Compressors Newest type of Compressor Has no intake or discharge valves except check valve on discharge. The refrigerant vapor is squeezed Very little wear and tear (few moving parts) Two offset spiral discs to compress the vapor Used in systems under five ton for now Newest type of Compressor Has no intake or discharge valves except check valve on discharge. The refrigerant vapor is squeezed Very little wear and tear (few moving parts) Two offset spiral discs to compress the vapor Used in systems under five ton for now

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13 13 Centrifugal Compressors Used in large commercial refrigeration systems over 50 ton Uses impeller or wheels Vapor is moved in a circular path using centrifugal force No valves or pistons Operates at high speeds Used in large commercial refrigeration systems over 50 ton Uses impeller or wheels Vapor is moved in a circular path using centrifugal force No valves or pistons Operates at high speeds

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16 16 Reciprocating Compressors Domestic and Commercial use Compressors Piston type Normal RPM’s –Older units – 1725 RPM –Newer units – 3450 RPM Domestic and Commercial use Compressors Piston type Normal RPM’s –Older units – 1725 RPM –Newer units – 3450 RPM

17 17 Hermetically sealed –Motor and compressor are sealed in a steel dome –External switching must be provided Dome is on the low side of the system Suction line ends at steel dome Fills the compressor with low pressure low temperature vapor Hermetically sealed –Motor and compressor are sealed in a steel dome –External switching must be provided Dome is on the low side of the system Suction line ends at steel dome Fills the compressor with low pressure low temperature vapor

18 18 Main Parts 1.Cylinder 2.Pistons 3.Connecting rods 1.Cylinder 2.Pistons 3.Connecting rods 4.Crankshaft 5.Clylinder Head 6.Valves

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22 22 Types of Reciprocating Compressors Hermetic Semi – Hermetic Open Hermetic Semi – Hermetic Open

23 23 Hermetic (fully welded) Sometimes called a tin can Disposable Cooled with suction vapor Sometimes called a tin can Disposable Cooled with suction vapor

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25 25 Semi - Hermetic Motor and compressor are contained inside a single shell that is bolted together Can be serviced by removing bolts and opening Air cooled as well as refrigerant vapor cooled Sometimes water cooled Motor and compressor are contained inside a single shell that is bolted together Can be serviced by removing bolts and opening Air cooled as well as refrigerant vapor cooled Sometimes water cooled

26 26 Open Motor and Compressor are separate. Connected by belt or coupling. Motor and Compressor are separate. Connected by belt or coupling.

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