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Chapter 4 Air-Conditioning Components

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Air-Conditioning Components"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Air-Conditioning Components

2 Standard and Optional Equipment

3 Compressors Usually belt driven from the engine
Usually have an electromagnetic clutch to turn on/off Two refrigerant lines suction (larger) draws low pressure, low temp vapor from evaporator discharge (smaller) lets out high pressure, high temp vapor to the condenser

4 Compressor main functions
Raise the pressure of the refrigerant When compressed the refrigerant temperature rises (no heat is added by the compressor) Important for proper heat transfer Create low pressure in the evaporator Allows refrigerant to vaporize (boil) absorbing large amounts of heat Circulate refrigerant and oil

5 Heat of Compression

6 Two Piston Compressor (Requires 14 hp to run)

7 Intake stroke draws vapor past the intake reed valve

8 Compression stroke forces intake closed and pushes out compressed vapor through exhaust

9 Swash Plate Compressor (Requires 7hp to run)

10 As the swash plate is rotated, pistons move in and out

11 Compressor Maintenance
Oil level needs to be checked when the system is discharged Compressor seal replacement Replace valve plates or gaskets (low psi) Replace electromagnetic clutch Belt tension

12 Rotary Vane Compressor
Ford used this compressor at one time.

13 Centrifugal Force throws vanes outward sealing them against the wall

14 Variable Displacement Compressor
Compressor runs continually, no clutch cycling. A control valve senses evaporator load and automatically changes the displacement to meet the system needs.

15 Maximum displacement, wobble plate maximum angle (compressor runs continuously)

16 Minimum displacement, wobble plate minimum angle (compressor runs continuously)

17 Control valve for Variable Displacement
The angle of the swash plate is controlled by the bellows activated control valve, located in the rear of the head, that senses the suction pressure.

18 Scotch Yoke (R4) opposed pistons
Used in GM, notorious for shaft seal failures, and being very noisy.

19 (Scotch Yoke) Pistons pump by following the contour
Suction valve in the piston.

20 Scroll Compressor (requires very little hp found only on small cars)
Not very common yet, very efficient.

21 Inner scroll draws and compresses during rotation

22 Operation of the Scroll

23 Oil Loss External leak System recovered in a recovery machine
Refrigerant caries out oil System recovered in a recovery machine Measure and reinstall Component replacement Oil can be trapped in the old component Hybrid uses dielectric oil

24 Check oil in a new compressor

25 Condenser

26 Key points Heat moves to less warm
Heat transfer quickly with large differences Fins increase surface area to dissipate heat Cooling effect causes refrigerant to change states from high psi vapor to high psi subcooled liquid Must keep clean and fins straight for proper air flow

27 Fin Comb

28 Receiver-Drier Liquid refrigerant from the condenser enters
Filters Removes moisture Stores excess Pickup tube ensures that only liquid exits (properly charged system) Desiccant is hygroscopic (absorbs moisture) Different for R-12 and 134a Moisture reacts with refrigerant to form hydrochloric acid.

29 Receiver-Drier Components

30 Drier Location and Mounting
Located in a cool dry place Desiccant can absorb more moisture when it is less warm Mounted vertically Pickup tube in the bottom to only take liquid Mounted horizontally JD uses a side pick-up tube Make sure “top”

31 Sight Glass R-12 A-normal, B-bubbles, C-oil streaking
Bubbles usually indicate a loss of refrigerant, streaking usually indicates no refrigerant.

32 Moisture Indicator

33 Warning with Weights

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