2 Industrialization in the North Industry and Manufacturing continue to be the key basis of the North’s economy as factories grow in size and numbers while workers jobs become more specialized
3 Improved Transportation in the North Fulton’s steam ship and new clipper ships: ships with steep hulls and tall sails- allow for increased transportation and trade on waterways, rivers, and the sea.The locomotive is invented and by the 1840’s will begin to become the leading form of transportationRailroad lines connected the entire country
4 The TelegraphSamuel Morse invent the telegraph to easily send messages as a series of dots and beeps through wires.Morse develops Morse Code which is a series of dots and dashes that represents the alphabetFrom over 23,00 miles of telegraph lines are created
5 Agricultural Improvements Cyrus McCormick invents a reaper and John Deere invents a tractor to make farming easier, it allows for the growth of Midwestern farmingDespite these advancements the North is still focused on Industry and moves away from agriculture
6 Changes in the NorthThe creation of factories lead to the rise of citiesWork conditions worsened as factory owners wanted to maximize profitsBy the 1830’s workers began forming trade unions that would strike for better working conditionsWomen and African Americans worked in factories but were often discriminated against
7 ImmigrationImmigration reached new heights in the mid 1800s and the countries’ population boomedThe immigrants brought their languages, customs, religions, and ways of life with them that often filtered into and became apart of American cultureSadly, many of these immigrants faced prejudice and a minor political party known as the Know-Nothing party formed to stop immigration
8 The South’s EconomyThe South’s entire economy was based off of agriculture and farmingIn the Deep South cotton was the chief crop and its production reached new heights in the late 1800sIn the Upper South tobacco, hemp, wheat, and vegetables were produced
9 Farms in the SouthMost white farmers were small scaled farmers and can be spirited into groupsThe first group yeomen, were farmers who owned small farms with no slavesTenant farmers worked off other people’s land as they had none of their ownFinally, the rural poor were the last group who would live in crude cabins in wooded areas living off the landThe final group were the Plantations and their owners. Plantations could be several thousand acres and have hundreds of workers and slaves working different jobs
10 Why no Industry in the South? The farming and agriculture was so profitable there was no needMost southerners had their money in slaves and land and didn’t have capital to donate for industryA large proportion of the Southern population were slaves who had no opportunity to buy manufactured goodsSome simply didn’t want industry
11 Transportation in the South The South relied on natural waterways and had far fewer canalsThe South had less and poorer roadsThe South had some railroads but far fewer than the North
12 Overview of Differences NorthSouthFocus on Industry and ManufacturingMany roads and canalsNew growing populationMany railroadsMany telegraph linesFocus on agricultureFewer roads and canalsStagnant white population with a growing slave populationFewer railroadsFewer telegraph lines
15 Slavery Enslaved Africans Americans endured incredible hardships Slave Quarters were small huts where slaves would be huddled together like cattle and their beds were collections of leaves and hay
16 Slave Family LifeSlave families were very vulnerable as any slave could be sold at any time, separating the familyRelatives and friends would watch over the children of slaves whose parents had been sold away
17 African American Culture Since the Slave trade had been done away with most of the slaves in the country had been born thereThey held on to their customs with dance, music, folk stories, colored cloths around their heads, and keeping their religious practices
18 African American Christianity Many highly religious Slaves adopted Christianity and prayed for the day wish they would be freeSlaves often used their own Christian songs to tell secrets and complain about suffering
19 Slave CodesSlave Codes were laws created in the 1830s-1860s to control enslaved peopleSlave codes prevented slaves from assembling in large groups, leaving plantation without a written pass, and reading and writingThis was all to prevent Slaves from revolting and rarely did slaves revolt…although one famous Slave revolt lead by Nat Turner resulted in 55 white deaths
27 Writing PromptThink about one of the pictures that we looked at and write a paragraph or two describing how that photo made you feel about slavery? Would you fight to prevent slavery? Why did this photo stand out to you?
29 The Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was a network of safe houses owned by free blacks and whites who opposed slavery. The Underground Railroad offered protection and help to escapeesSlaves had to overcome woods, swamps, being chased, and only knowing the way by being guided by the North StarFamous escaped slaves like Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass escaped through the railroad
30 Harriet TubmanThe most famous Underground railroad “conductor was Harriet TubmanTubman made 19 different trips to the south to free slaves assisting over 300 African Americans, including her parents, to escape slavery
35 ClassworkFor the rest of the period create a journal as if you were a runaway slave escaping on the Underground Railroad. This journal should be no less then a page long and should include the names of at least two towns you pass through on the journey. You should also tell of the experiences you have along the way describing people you meet, where you stay, or some close calls you may have.Use the notes we took in class, the Frederick Douglass reading we just went over, and pages 406 and for references while creating your journalGood Luck!!
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