Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Antislavery Movement Dr. Stacey Robertson Bradley University.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Antislavery Movement Dr. Stacey Robertson Bradley University."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Antislavery Movement Dr. Stacey Robertson Bradley University

2 Religion and Revolution Religion Quakers B. Lay & J. Woolman Revolution Rhetoric of independence God’s punishment Blacks Northern emancipation Southern changes John Adams

3 Gradual Emancipation American Colonization Society, 1817 Gradual, compensation, deportation Support in both regions Motivations?

4 Immediate Emancipation 2nd Great Awakening William Lloyd Garrison Printing career (Baltimore) Genius of Universal Emancipation African Americans Move to Immediatism ACS, 1829 Jail Tappan Liberator, 1831 Moral suasion & racism William Lloyd Garrison

5 1830s Antislavery American Anti-Slavery Society, 1833 State and local orgs. Male and female Tactics Lecturing: Theodore Weld Pamphlets & newspapers Banned in the South Boycott (Free Produce) Petitioning Topics? Gag Rule Theodore Dwight Weld

6 1830s Antislavery Mob opposition Northern racism Black laws Fears Nat Turner, ‘32 NY Money Foreigners G. Thompson Who participates? Cincinnati Interracial brothel

7 Black Abolitionists Separate organizing Practical focus Economic & Political power Vigilance Comms, UGRR Cooperation also James Forten, Liberator, AAS, West Paternalism Middle class values Frederick Douglass Garrison too impractical Frederick Douglass

8 1840 Divide Garrisonian “ultraism” Women’s role Grimké sisters Importance of women Fund-raising Abby Kelley Angelina Grimké

9 1840 Divide Political Third Party Garrisonians Corruption, Agitation Failure of moral suasion Pressure politics Cooperation? Garrisonian policy Cost to political abolitionists James G. Birney

10 Liberty Party 1840 Election 7,000 votes (out of 2.5 mill) One-issue party Policies: De-nationalization DC, military locations, high seas, territories Anti-discrimination Slow Growth Expansion & Alliance John P. Hale Whigs, Democrats John P. Hale

11 Free Soil Party 1848 Martin Van Buren (ex Prez) Partial success 10% of vote Helped elect Whig Taylor Differences Slave Power Racial equality gone Free Soil, Free Labor Republican Party Martin Van Buren

12 The Tumultuous 1850s Abolitionist movement becomes less radical and more popular in 1850s Key political developments occur Leads to rise of Republicans Raises the issue of violence for abolitionists

13 The Tumultuous 1850s Compromise of 1850 Mexico Territory California Gold rush growth Free? Texas land dispute DC and slavery Senate debate over Compromise

14 The Tumultuous 1850s Series of bills: Clay & Douglas Texas gives up land, gets $10 million Southwestern territories organized with no mention of slavery No slave trade in DC California admitted Fugitive Slave Act

15 The Tumultuous 1850s Fugitive Slave Act Most controversial No jury trial for fugitive Citizens required to assist in recovery of slaves Commissioners pay Impact on Blacks Flee to Canada Kidnapping Impact on abolition

16 The Tumultuous 1850s Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Stephen Douglas (pictured here) Repeal of Missouri Compromise (36 30 line) Last hope gone Slave Power fears Growth of Republicans

17 The Tumultuous 1850s Bloody Kansas “Bleeding Kansas” Popular sovereignty Presumptions: NE free, KS slave Northern abols “Beecher bibles” Two governments “Sacking of Lawrence,” May 21, 1856 (pictured)

18 The Tumultuous 1850s Caning of Sumner May 22, 1856 “Crime Against Kansas” speech Targets Andrew Butler Butler’s cousin Preston Brooks Regional reactions

19 The Tumultuous 1850s Election of 1856 Republicans nominate John C. Frémont (pictured) Wife Jessie Democrats: James Buchanan Racism (Black Republicans) Pierce and peace in Kansas

20 The Tumultuous 1850s Dred Scott, 1857 Slave taken to free territories (IL, WI) Sues for freedom First heard in 1846 Ruling: Scott not free and blacks have no rts that whites have to respect Republicans

21 The Tumultuous 1850s John Brown and Harpers Ferry

Download ppt "The Antislavery Movement Dr. Stacey Robertson Bradley University."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google