Presentation on theme: "White Racism, White Supremacy, White Privilege, & the Social Construction of Race Omowale Akintunde."— Presentation transcript:
1White Racism, White Supremacy, White Privilege, & the Social Construction of Race Omowale Akintunde
2Where Multicultural Education Fails “The majority of multicultural education literature builds on a false, humanly constructed epistemological base where race and “difference” are natural states and thus does not focus on the evolution of the histories, systems, and circumstances which erected these constructions.”
3Where Multicultural Education Fails Regards “differences” as inherent realities and thus seeks ways for us all to just “appreciate” each other.Through its efforts to increase an “understanding” of “others” it actually reinforces and cements “otherization” and reinforces and perpetuates White supremacy.
4Where Multicultural Education Fails “[Is] designed to help ‘Whites’ learn to see “others” as their equal. Implied in such thinking is that “others” are assumed inferior and need to be raised to the status of ‘Whites’.”
5An important note about Multicultural Education The issues raised above are NOT meant to imply that Multicultural Education in general is bad, or a waste of time.Not ALL Multicultural Education programs have these problems.It is important that we be aware of the subtle messages we are sending through Multicultural Education, but continue to learn from and with each other.
6Modifying Unit PlansUnit one inherently, though perhaps not intentionally, perpetuates White supremacist ideology.There are other problems with lesson one, pedagogically speaking.What areas can you see White supremacist ideology in the lesson plan?
8Problems with Unit OneIndigenous people are referred to as “Indians”, suggesting that the “other” who was encountered was a cardboard, monolithic culture – as opposed to the varied indigenous cultural groups which inhabited the Americas at the time of the arrival of Europeans.
9Problems with Unit OneThe “voice” in the plan is never identified, but is clearly from the perspective of “White” people, helping to establish the “White” perspective not as a cultural or “racial” disposition but rather as a position of “neutrality”.
10Problems with Unit OneThe notion of White as a “race” is subconsciously dismissed.This is how Whiteness and White privilege becomes invisible to white people and “White” and “human being” come to mean the same thing.
11Problems with Unit OneThe “other” are identified as Indian, a name which refers to a “racial” identity; the Whites are “cowboys” – an occupational identity.
12Problems with Unit One“Bury Me Out on the Lone Prairie” suggest that there was no one on the prairie. The genocide of indigenous people is not discussed, but totally eliminated from the scenario altogether.
13Problems with Unit OnePossessive individualism and hierarchy, benchmarks of the Eurocentric paradigm are evident: The “best” art projects will be displayed:Reinforces the notion that some are “better” than others and the “poor” students are recognized by their exclusion of their projects on the wall outside the classroom for all to see.
14Problems with Unit One“Honorary Cowboy” certificates will be given to “exceptional” students.No mention is made of the fact that “cowboys” contributed to the decimation of indigenous people, land, the buffalo, and natural resources. In fact, being certified as a “cowboy” is an “honor”.
17Features of Unit Two Suggests that there are multiple perspectives. The frame of reference is third person, not the White “I”.Students are challenged to think about the impact of a foreign culture (European) on indigenous populations.
18Features of Unit Two No attempts at rankings are made. Examines the songs for evidence of cultural view points.All people are described in terms of “culture” [not by “race”].
19“Race” vs. “Culture”Racial Identity is a construct, not biologically based. The differences in feelings, thoughts, and behaviors between people of color and white people are the result of conditions endured by people of color.Culture is basically the sum of the core concepts of a particular group of people, which is transmitted generation to generation.-Cameron and Wycoff