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 Take out your binder, which should have at least 7 dividers in it  Each Section goes with a corresponding unit which are as follows  I. Geography:

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Presentation on theme: " Take out your binder, which should have at least 7 dividers in it  Each Section goes with a corresponding unit which are as follows  I. Geography:"— Presentation transcript:

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2  Take out your binder, which should have at least 7 dividers in it  Each Section goes with a corresponding unit which are as follows  I. Geography: Its nature & Perspectives  II. Population & Migration  III. Cultural Geography  IV. Political Geography  V. Economic Geography  VI. Rural Geography  VII. Urban Geography

3  Each section will be divided into 2 parts  First comes all of the Key Issues & handouts  Then a section with loose leaf for notes and in- class assignments  Your binders will be turned in with each Unit Test just like last semester  It is your responsibility to make sure they are in order and contain all of the necessary documents

4 2 The Two Types of Geography Physical Geography –Topography –Climate (Koppen) –Flora and Fauna –soil Human Geography –Culture –Population –Economic –Political –Urban –Agriculture

5  Eratosthenes  Calculated Earth’s circumference  Coined the term “geography geo, earth, graphein, to write  Ptolemy  Wrote Guide to Geography the first book dedicated to the field  Codified the basic principles of mapmaking by defining absolute location using latitude and longitude

6 World Map of the 2 nd century A.D. Scholar, Geographer (Claudius Ptolemaeus) Ptolemy

7 Contemporary Geography  Geographers ask where and why  Location and distribution are important terms  Geographers are concerned with the tension between globalization and local diversity

8 Geography’s Vocabulary  Place – a specific point on Earth  Region – Area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features  Scale – The relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole  Space – Physical gap or interval between two objects  Connections – Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space

9  Absolute location or mathematical location is the exact latitude and longitude coordinates of a place.  Relative location-the location of a place in relation to other physical or human features.  Centrality-the function of location relative to urban places, resources, productive farmland and efficient transportation systems. Cities for example dominate their locations economically, politically and culturally thus displaying centrality.

10  geographers are concerned about the arrangement of features on the earth’s surface.  3 main properties of distribution are:  Density-the frequency that something occurs in a given space.  Concentration-changes in distribution-how close together-dispersed or clustered.  Pattern-the arrangement of the distribution of features in a given space.

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12  Problems  Smaller than reality  Curved earth is distorted when flattened  Symbols used are limited  Properties  Scale  Projection  Symbols Gerhardus Mercator

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16  The relation of a feature’s size on the map to actual size.  Small scale or small fraction maps show a large area on the earth such as 1/1,000,000.  Large scale or large fraction maps show a small area on the surface such as 1/25,000 or 1/1000.

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19  Isoline Maps-use lines of equal value to represent data like elevation, barometric pressure or temperature

20  Choropleth Maps-a thematic map in which a variable is depicted with shading patterns or colors.

21  Proportional Symbol Map-a thematic map in which the size of the symbol varies in proportion to the intensity of the mapped variable.

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23  Cartogram-a thematic map using relative size of units to convey a value.

24  GIS (Geographic Information Systems)  Remote Sensing – uses satellites or planes to take still pictures of the earth’s surface  GPS – uses multiple satellites and a person on the ground to convey absolute location

25  The Township and Range System was created by the US Land Ordinance of  Each township is divided into 36 sections each 1 mile by 1 mile and numbered 1 in the NE and 36 in the SE.  The Homestead Act of 1863 encouraged the settlement of the West by giving each settler a quarter section or 160 acres of land.


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