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Fire Department History. Firefighting Firefighting One of worlds most honored occupations and one of the most dangerous. Department Duty Department Duty.

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Presentation on theme: "Fire Department History. Firefighting Firefighting One of worlds most honored occupations and one of the most dangerous. Department Duty Department Duty."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fire Department History

2 Firefighting Firefighting One of worlds most honored occupations and one of the most dangerous. Department Duty Department Duty -Life Safety -Incident Stabilization -Incident Stabilization -Property Conservation

3 Fire Department History Old World and North America citizens kept: Old World and North America citizens kept: containers of water containers of water ladder to reach the roof ladder to reach the roof Bucket brigades used to put out fires Bucket brigades used to put out fires Pilgrims brought firefighting methods to North America Pilgrims brought firefighting methods to North America

4 Fire Department History Industrial Revolution affected textile and steel industries Industrial Revolution affected textile and steel industries Textile mills had catastrophic fires Textile mills had catastrophic fires Iron and steel industries produced firefighting tools and equipment, especially pumping apparatus Iron and steel industries produced firefighting tools and equipment, especially pumping apparatus

5 Fire Department History Cities and towns organized fire companies and fire departments Cities and towns organized fire companies and fire departments Groups protected cities and towns Groups protected cities and towns Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin Organized one of the first groups Organized one of the first groups Founded first fire insurance company Founded first fire insurance company

6 Fire Department History Cities and towns organized fire companies and fire departments Cities and towns organized fire companies and fire departments Groups were made up of military organizations and adopted rank structure Groups were made up of military organizations and adopted rank structure Then, as today, majority of firefighters in North America were volunteers Then, as today, majority of firefighters in North America were volunteers Evolved into today’s fire departments Evolved into today’s fire departments

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8 3 Categories of Firefighters Career (salaried firefighters) Career (salaried firefighters) Paid On Call (receive reimbursement for each run made) Paid On Call (receive reimbursement for each run made) Volunteer (receive no compensation) Volunteer (receive no compensation)

9 Fire Dept. One of First Entities Called During Emergency Fires Fires Cave-Ins Cave-Ins Building Collapses Building Collapses Auto Accidents Auto Accidents Aircraft Crashes Aircraft Crashes Natural Disasters Natural Disasters Hazardous Materials Incidents Hazardous Materials Incidents Civil Disturbances Civil Disturbances Rescue Operations Rescue Operations Explosions Explosions Water Incidents Water Incidents Medical Emergencies Medical Emergencies

10 Fire Department History Necessary characteristics and behaviors Necessary characteristics and behaviors Integrity Integrity Moral character Moral character Work ethic Work ethic Pride Pride Courage Courage

11 Fire Department Organization An organizational chart shows the structure of the department and its chain of command An organizational chart shows the structure of the department and its chain of command Chief Assistant Chief Captain Lieutenant Firefighters

12 Chain of Command Pathway of responsibility from the highest level of the department to the lowest. Pathway of responsibility from the highest level of the department to the lowest.

13 Firefighters should be aware of four basic organizational principles in order to operate effectively as a team member – Unity of Command – Span of Control – Division of Labor – Discipline

14 Unity of Command The principle that a person can report to only one supervisor. Directly, each subordinate reports to one boss Indirectly, everyone reports to the fire chief through the chain of command.

15 Span of Control Span of Control The number of personnel one individual can effectively manage. Rule of thumb is that an officer can directly supervise 3 to 7 firefighters effectively This number can change depending on the situation with which the officer is faced

16 Division of Labor Dividing large jobs into small jobs. These small jobs are then assigned to specific individuals. Division of labor is necessary for the following reasons: To assign responsibility To prevent duplication of effort To make specific and clear cut assignments

17 Discipline Purposes of discipline in a fire department Educate and train Correct inappropriate behavior Positive motivation Ensure compliance Provide direction

18 Standard Operating Unit of the Fire Service

19 Engine Company Engine company — Deploys hoselines for fire attack and exposure protection

20 Truck Company Truck company — Performs forcible entry, search and rescue, ventilation, salvage and overhaul, provides access to upper levels

21 Rescue Company Rescue/squad company — Removal of victims from areas of danger or entrapment

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23 Brush Company Brush company — Extinguishes wildland fires and protects structures in wildland/urban interface

24 Haz-Mat Company Hazardous materials company — Responds to and mitigates hazardous materials incidents

25 EMS / Specialized Rescue Emergency medical/ambulance company — Provides emergency medical care to patients Special rescue company — Responds to and performs technical rescue

26 Fire Company Continued A company consists of: Company Officer(s) Driver / Operator(s) One or more firefighters

27 To Perform effectively, a firefighter must have certain knowledge and skills including: Meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 1001, (Standard for Firefighter Professional Qualifications. Meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 1001, (Standard for Firefighter Professional Qualifications. Know department organization, operation and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) / Standard Operating Guidelines (SOG). Know department organization, operation and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) / Standard Operating Guidelines (SOG). Know the district or city street system and physical layout Know the district or city street system and physical layout Meet minimum health and physical fitness standards Meet minimum health and physical fitness standards

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35 Emergency Medical Services If fire department personnel do not provide EMS or medical transportation, they should develop a relationship with those who do Firefighters must have appropriate level of first- aid training

36 Interacting with other organizations Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Depending on the set-up of your dept & your SOP’s, firefighting personnel must work very closely with EMS personnel. Depending on the set-up of your dept & your SOP’s, firefighting personnel must work very closely with EMS personnel. Many FF’s are also EMS trained & perform both functions. Many FF’s are also EMS trained & perform both functions. Hospitals Hospitals During special incidents, hospital personnel may be called to the scene. During special incidents, hospital personnel may be called to the scene.

37 Utility Companies Many incidents involve utility providers (electricity, natural gas, and water) so fire personnel must have a good working relationship Many incidents involve utility providers (electricity, natural gas, and water) so fire personnel must have a good working relationship

38 Interaction with Media NIMS-ICS includes a Public Information Officer for dealing with the media Students should not make comments or express opinions; refer to PIO Can play an important role in delivery of news based on an incident

39 Other Interactions Any possible contacts should be identified and a relationship established Examples: Public health departments, coroner/medical examiner’s officers, EPA

40 Fire Department Regulations Policy — A guide to decision making within an organization Procedure — Describes in writing the steps to be followed Order Directive

41 Fire Department Regulations Order — Based upon a policy or procedure; compliance is mandatory Directive — Not based upon a policy or procedure; a request or suggestion

42 Standard Operating Procedures Provide a standard set of actions that are the core of every firefighting incident plan. Provide a standard set of actions that are the core of every firefighting incident plan. May vary considerably in different localities, but the principle is usually the same May vary considerably in different localities, but the principle is usually the same Should follow the most commonly accepted order of fireground priorities Should follow the most commonly accepted order of fireground priorities Life Safety Life Safety Incident Stabilization Incident Stabilization Property Conservation Property Conservation

43 Lessen confusion of fire scene Lessen confusion of fire scene Safety is a top priority when designing SOP’s Safety is a top priority when designing SOP’s SOP’s should be applied to all situations, including medical responses. SOP’s should be applied to all situations, including medical responses. Standard Operating Procedures

44 Watch this video, this is why we have SOP’s =8f66tK0rByI =8f66tK0rByI

45 Firefighter Safety Firefighting is one of the worlds most dangerous jobs & accidents in this profession can result in costly losses. Firefighting is one of the worlds most dangerous jobs & accidents in this profession can result in costly losses. In order to prevent these losses, it is necessary to prevent the accidents that cause them. In order to prevent these losses, it is necessary to prevent the accidents that cause them. Reducing accidents will save lives & money. Reducing accidents will save lives & money.

46 Summary The fire service has a long and proud history of protecting communities. Today’s fire service often performs functions such as emergency medical services, technical rescues, and hazardous materials mitigation.

47 Summary Firefighters must have certain aptitudes and capabilities. The job of firefighter required dedication and hard work but it is also rewarding.

48 You may notice we skipped the Incident Management Portion of this Chapter. You will have an entire class covering ICS.


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