Presentation on theme: "Learning Objective 1 Summarize the history of the fire service."— Presentation transcript:
0 Essentials of Fire Fighting 6th Edition Firefighter I Chapter 1 — Orientationand Fire Service History
1 Learning Objective 1Summarize the history of the fire service.
2 Colonial North America Fire service history is an important part of understanding current practices.JamestownBostonNew Amsterdam (New York)PhiladelphiaColonial North AmericaSteam pumpersIron structural membersSteel replaced ironSkyscrapersNFPA®Industrial revolution influence
3 Significant historical events result in current laws and equipment. Courtesy of Spinner Publications(Cont.)
4 Significant historical events result in current laws and equipment.
5 REVIEW QUESTIONHow were early fire organizations started?
6 There are general trends of change in the modern fire service. Fire prevention and public safety educationFirefighter safetyEmergency medical servicesHazardous materialsTerrorismNatural disasters (All hazard mitigation)Professionalization for the fire serviceCommunity-based fire protection
7 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat are some of the areas that have changed significantly in the 20th Century for fire service in North America?
8 Learning Objective 2Explain the organizational characteristics, cultural challenges, and cultural strengths that influence the fire service.
9 Organizational Characteristics Fire service culture is influenced by its organization and cultural challenges.CultureOrganizational CharacteristicsCultural ChallengesBased on history and traditionGrows with educationCommand structureRanksUniformsTeamwork
10 Fire service culture develops specific cultural strengths. IntegrityMoral characterWork ethicPrideCourageLoyaltyRespectCompassion
11 REVIEW QUESTIONHow do organizational characteristics, cultural challenges, and cultural strengths influence the fire service?
12 Learning Objective 3Describe the mission of the fire service.
13 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat is the mission of the fire service?
14 The fire service mission establishes department organization. Save livesProtect property and environmentFire Service Mission
15 Learning Objective 4Describe the organization of fire departments.
16 Department organization is based on a system of rank tied to specific duties.
17 Fire department types are determined by how the organization is funded. PublicPrivate
18 Types of staffing vary based on funding and duties assigned at the station. CareerVolunteerOn-callCombination
19 Departmental duties are separated based on who personnel support. Directly to external customersLine personnelSupport line personnelStaff personnelCourtesy Bob Espositio
20 REVIEW QUESTIONSWhat are the three main types of staffing found in the fire service?What is the central difference between line functions and staff functions?
21 Learning Objective 5Distinguish among functions of fire companies.
22 The basic organization of a fire company is based on assigned duties. Basic unit with the officer at topBattalion or districtCompanies located in response areaOperations divisionManages day-to-day operations
23 Fire company duties vary depending on their main purpose. Engine companyTruck (ladder) CompanyCourtesy of Ron Moore, McKinney (TX) FDRescue squad/ companyBrush company(Cont.)
24 Fire company duties vary depending on their main purpose. Hazardous Materials companyAircraft rescue and fire fighting companyEmergency medical/ ambulance companySpecial rescue companyCourtesy of Edwin Jones
25 REVIEW QUESTIONHow are the duties of an engine company different from a rescue squad/company?
26 Learning Objective 6Summarize primary knowledge and skills the firefighter must have to function effectively.
27 Learning Objective 7Distinguish among the primary roles of fire service personnel.
28 Fire department personnel must meet specific qualifications. ProfessionalEducationalAgeMedicalJob-related physical fitnessTraining in basic medical care
29 Emergency Operations Division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Emergency Operations DivisionFire Fighter IFire Fighter II(Cont.)
30 Emergency Operations Division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Emergency Operations DivisionFire apparatus driver/operatorAirport firefighterHazardous materials technicianCourtesy of Doug Allen and Ames (IA) FD(Cont.)
31 Emergency Operations Division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Emergency Operations DivisionRescue technicianWildland firefighterFire department incident safety officeFire police personnel(Cont.)
32 Emergency Operations Division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Emergency Operations DivisionFire department officerCompany officerDistrict/ Battalion chiefAssistant/ Deputy ChiefFire MarshalFire Chief(Cont.)
33 Emergency Operations Division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Emergency Operations DivisionEmergency medical respondersEmergency medical techniciansAdvanced emergency medical techniciansParamedics(Cont.)
34 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat is the primary difference between Firefighter I and Firefighter II duties?
35 Fire prevention division Line functions form the foundation of the uniformed part of fire service.Fire prevention divisionFire prevention officer/ inspectorPlans examinerFire and arson investigatorPublic fire and life safety educatorFire protection engineer/ specialist
36 Staff functions support and train members of the fire service. Fire department health and safety officerTelecommunicatorsFire alarm personnelApparatus and equipment maintenance personnelInformation systems personnelClerical staffTraining divisionInstructorsTraining officer/ chief of training
37 REVIEW QUESTIONHow are qualifications for different line positions regulated?What types of staff functions support and supplement line functions?
38 Learning Objective 8Describe fire department organizational principles.
39 Fire service members must understand department organizational principles. Chain of commandUnity of command(Cont.)
40 Fire service members must understand department organizational principles. Span of controlDivision of laborDiscipline
41 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat are the organizational principles of the fire service?
42 Learning Objective 9Locate information in departmental documents and standard or code materials.
43 Learning Objective 10Distinguish between fire department SOPs and rules and regulations.
44 Personnel must know how to locate information in fire department regulations. First, ask your supervisorMay be on file at administrative officeMay be posted
45 The fire service is regulated by a variety of rules and procedures. PoliciesGuide to decision makingSet boundaries, establish standards of conductProceduresDetailed plan of actionList step-by-step for conducting policy(Cont.)
46 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat steps can be taken to locate information in department policies?
47 The fire service is regulated by a variety of rules and procedures. Laws, Statutes, or OrdinancesFederalState/provincialLocalCodes and standardsStandard – Set of principles, protocols, proceduresCode – Collection of rules and regulationsOrders and DirectivesIssued from top commandUsed to implement departmental policies
48 REVIEW QUESTIONHow are policies and procedures different from one another?
49 Learning Objective 11Explain the ways the fire service may interact with other organizations.
50 Fire service personnel will interact with various other organizations. EMS and HospitalsEmergency disaster managementLaw enforcementCourtesy of Tim Burkitt/FEMA(Cont.)
51 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat other organizations may provide services to the public along with firefighters?
52 Fire service personnel will interact with various other organizations. Utility companiesPublic worksMediaOther agencies
53 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat should a firefighter do when approached by members of the media?
54 SummaryFirefighting is a profession with a long and proud tradition of service to the community.(Cont.)
55 SummaryTo perform as a firefighter you need physical skills, and knowledge of the regulations that govern your organization, the laws that regulate fire service, the incident command system, as well as, an understanding of agencies that interact with the fire department.