Presentation on theme: "Tragedy, Sophocles, & The Women of Trachis. Dionysus & Drama Semele."— Presentation transcript:
Tragedy, Sophocles, & The Women of Trachis
Dionysus & Drama Semele
The Dionysia 3 tragedies 1 satyr play Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides
Goat Song Tragos - goat Aoidé - song All-male cast Masks Chorus: 12/15/50 Lyric Song Dithyramb
Tragic Conventions Violence, critical acts usually offstage Chorus almost never effects action of play. Sophocles often makes chorus favor a character, interested in outcome. Unity of Time Violated Change of Place Rare (but Ajax)
Satyr Play Grotesque Stories Chorus of Satyrs –Half goat/horse with phalli
Originators as Innovators Thespis: 1st actor Aeschylus: 2nd Sophocles: 3rd, and maybe 4th All adapted myths to fit their needs (Euripides most of all)
Trachiniae of Sophocles Women of Trachis Chorus Death of Herakles
Herakles as archetypal hero miraculous conception threat to birth + infancy impossible adversaries trips to Underworld adventures in quest magical tools/weapons resistance of hero role or temptation
Miraculous Conception of Herakles Amphitryon Alkmene Zeus Hermes Iphikles
“Fame of Hera”
Threat to the Child Early Career as Beast-slayer
Happily Ever After? Herakles & Megara 3-8 Kids! BUT… Maddened by Hera, kills Family Delphic Oracle orders enslavement to Eurystheus for atonement
Herakles’ Family Tree
Hera’s Trick "Listen to me, all you gods, and goddesses... I wish you to know that this day Eilithyia, the goddess of travail, will bring into the world a human child, born of a stock with my blood in their veins, who shall have dominion over all his neighbours." Zeus Iliad ff "I hasten to inform you that today there has been born a noble child who is to be King of the Argives. They have called him Eurystheus, and his father is Sthenelus, son of Perseus. So he comes of your stock, and it is quite a proper thing that he should have dominion over the Argives." Hera Iliad ff
Labors of Herakles: I-VI 1. Slay the Nemean Lion & bring back hide. 2. Slay the 9-headed Lernaean Hydra. 3. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis. 4. Capture the Erymanthian Boar. 5. Clean the Augean stables in a single day. 6. Slay the Stymphalian Birds.
Labors of Herakles: VII-XII 7. Capture the Cretan Bull. 8. Steal Mares of Giant Diomedes. 9. Obtain Girdle of Amazon queen Hippolyte. 10. Obtain the Cattle of the Monster Geryon. 11. Steal the Apples of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon (100-headed dragon). 12. Capture Cerberus, guardian dog of Hades.
The 13th Labor… Thespius & The 50 Thespiades
Labor Images I
Labor Images II
Cerberus & the Apples of The Hesperides Trickster Hero Humorous Elements
Herakles at Crossroads Virtue or Vice Temptation
Heracles as Comic Figure
Trips to Underworld Alcestis Cerberus Theseus Geryon?
Nessus, Deianeira, & the Doom of Herakles
Herakles’ Wandering Eye Many Extramarital Liaisons Iole different “to lie under one blanket” with Deianeira!
Mens Rea? Aphrodisiac as Poison Excessively Lustful Malleable at Home Impotent Dead… Deianeira “Man-destroyer” DeMorgan