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The Great Heroes before the Trojan War

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1 The Great Heroes before the Trojan War
Hercules The Great Heroes before the Trojan War Speaker: 陳永安 Instructor: 簡士捷老師

2 A story of a man Mortal  immortal

3 Hercules Ἡρακλῆς = Hēra[Hera]+kleos [glory]
Son of: Zeus + Alcmene Signature: lion skin + club Know as: Strength Courage Ingenuity sexual prowess with both sex Play with kids Greatest Greek hero

4 Worship As a hero with a chthonic libation As a god upon an altar

5 Controversy: Hero or god!?
Odysseus encounters Heracles in Hades: Critics Ancient critics: interrupts the vivid and complete description Friedrich Solmsen: "once people knew of Heracles' admission to Olympus, they would not tolerate his presence in the underworld" And next I caught a glimpse of powerful Heracles— His ghost I mean: the man himself delights in the grand feasts of the deathless gods on high... Around him cries of the dead rang out like cries of birds scattering left and right in horror as on he came like night...

6 Timeline Birth and childhood Youth Labours of Hercules
The twelve tasks Birth and childhood Youth Labours of Hercules Further adventures Omphale Hylas Rescue of Prometheus Heracles’ Constellation Laomedon of Troy Death Slay the Nemean Lion. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra. Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis. Capture the Erymanthian Boar. Clean the Augean stables in a single day. Slay the Stymphalian Birds. Capture the Cretan Bull. Steal the Mares of Diomedes. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon. Steal the apples of the Hesperides (He had the help of Atlas to pick them after Hercules had slain Ladon). Capture and bring back Cerberus.

7 Birth and childhood Son of Zeus + Alcmene
Breast-feeding by Hera[plot by Athena] Poison snakes

8 Youth Kill his music tutor Visit two nymphs pleasure / virtue
Married a princess Megara Got mad by Hera’s curse Killed his own child Start his atonement [12 tasks]

9 Slay the Nemean Lion Inpenetratable skin Killed by his own hand 1

10 Slay the nine- headed Lernaean Hydra
Poison blood 2

11 Capture the Golden Hind of Artemis.
Catch Golden hind for Eurystheus Yet Apollo and Artemis were unhappy So tricked Eurystheus and released Hind infront of him and blem Eurystheus of acting too slow faild to catch the hind 3

12 Capture the Erymanthian Boar
Fast gigantic boar Trapped it with the trap hidden in the snow 4

13 Clean the Augean stables in a single day
Uncleaned for over 30 years have over cattles Make holes and draw river to clean it 5

14 Slay the Stymphalian Birds
Man eating birds with copper like feather The bell give by Athena, frightened all birds fly into the sky And shoot them down and the rest never return 6

15 Capture the Cretan Bull
Cretan king deceived Poseidon Mad white cow can blow fire and make lots of disaster 7

16 Steal the Mares of Diomedes
Man eating horse Podagros「迅疾」 Lampon「閃耀」 Xanthos「金黃」 Deinos「恐怖」 Roger Lancelyn Green : claimed the horses were used in Trojan War 8

17 To fetch Hippolyta's girdle of gold
Queen of amazons 9

18 Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon
Giant had three bodies that were connected by one waist 10

19 To fetch the golden apples of the Hesperides
Prometheus told Hercules his predicament, Hercules saved Prometheus. In turn, Prometheus told Hercules that Atlas, has the apple Tricked Atlas get the apple. 11

20 To bring Cerberus from Tartarus.
Tartarus= hell Cerberus = 3head dog + snake as tail Cerberus guard the hells gate. Poison saliva 12

21 Further adventures King Eurytus of Oechalia break the promise and got killed Make Iole his wife Taked Iphitus as best friend yet been killed due to Hera cursed again

22 Omphale Due to Iphitus’s death
Hercules served the Omphale for three years as a slave and lover Hercules start to like woman’s clothes

23 Hylas Fall in love with the prince Hylas And save many heroin's
Yet Hylas was kidnapped and Hercules heart torn apart and sent lots of time find him

24 Rescue of Prometheus Saved while in the task
fetch the golden apples of the Hesperides

25 Laomedon of Troy Before Trojan war:
Helping the Troy killed a sea monster Yet the king lied to him At the Trojan war: Hercules killed all his sons and robbed Troy

26 Death Deianderia: Hercules wife
Nessus try to abduct Deianeria and get killed by Hercules Nessus tricked Deianeria that his poison blood actually can restore a man’s love Many years later rumor + Nessus blood killed Hurcules by a poison cloth.

27 Thanks for your attention

28 分工表 Hercules Atalanta 查資料 陳秉峰 黃柏瑋 Ppt 柯泓宇 林書儒 報告 陳永安 翁珮瑜 書面 李盈嫺

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