Presentation on theme: " Cinematographer= also known as Director of Photography (DP) Responsible for artistic and technical decisions related to images captured on screen."— Presentation transcript:
Cinematographer= also known as Director of Photography (DP) Responsible for artistic and technical decisions related to images captured on screen In charge of camera crews, lighting crews, etc.
Every shot the cinematographer makes must be designed with the goals of cinematic composition in mind. Especially attendant to the Mise-en-Scene! Sunset Boulevard - Billy Wilder (1950)
Goal 1: Directing attention to the object of greatest significance Road to Perdition – Sam Mendes (2002) American Beauty, Revolutionary Road, Skyfall
Goal 2: Keeping the image in constant motion Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull – Stephen Spielberg (2008)
Goal 3: Creating an illusion of depth Hugo – Martin Scorsese (2011) Taxi Driver, Raging Bull, Goodfellas, Casino, The Departed, Shutter Island, Gangs of New York…
Normally the eye is directed toward larger and closer objects rather than smaller and distant objects. Foreground= closer to the camera, thus larger Background= further from the camera, thus smaller
Objects in motion draw the eye A moving object can divert our attention from a static one Constant movement in the background may not divert our attention from the still but more important objects in the foreground Chariots of Fire (1981 – Hugh Hudson)
Objects featured in extreme close-up give the audience nothing else to see!
There are no specific positioning formulas, but a director will arrange people and objects in relation to each other. Possibilities: Symmetry Pyramid Balance
Eyes Wide Shut (1999) Stanley Kubrick 2001, Dr. Strangelove, Full Metal Jacket, The Shining, A Clockwork Orange