2The Film Shot What is the frame? What is a shot? The single image in a motion picture24 frames per secondWhat is a shot?A series of frames that are uninterrupted (not edited)
3The distance/location of the camera to the subject determines the type of shot it is.
4Types of Film Shots Extreme long shot Long shot Full shot Medium shot Close-upExtreme close-up
5Extreme Long Shot Great distance away from human subjects Usually landscape shots: i.e. showing the whole city, world, etc.People look like specksKind of establishing shot – to indicate setting taking place
7Long Shot About the same distance as audience to a stage Includes full view of human figure and clear setting (environment, landscape, etc.)Kind of establishing shot – to indicate setting taking place
21Shot Reverse ShotA combination of shots that show conversation, etc. (usually three shots)Examples: conversation where you see one person in frame at a time
22Camera Movement (distance related) Pan: Horizontal movement, left and right.Tilt: Vertical movement of the camera angle, i.e. pointing the camera up and down (as opposed to moving the whole camera up and down).Pedestal (Ped): Moving the camera position vertically with respect to the subject.Zoom: Technically this isn't a camera move, but a change in the len’s focal length gives the illusion of moving the camera closer or further away.
23Camera MovementTripod: piece of equipment that holds a camera
24Camera Movement (equipment related) Dolly : The camera is mounted on a cart which travels along tracks for a very smooth movement. Also known as a tracking shot.
25Camera MovementSteadicam: a device that the camera operator wears and that uses weights to keep the camera balanced (steadied!); allows free movement of the operator
29Shot Length Short Take: A shot that ends quickly; creates a fast pace Long Take: A shot that is longer, without interruption; creates more time to interact with the subject
30People with CamerasCinematographer: he/she is the person in charge of the camera; he/she creates the look of the shots; works closely with the directorCamera Operator/Cameraman
31Storyboardvisually tells the story of an animation/film panel by panelsimilar in style to a comic book
32StoryboardYour storyboard will should convey some of the following information:What charaters are in the frame, and how are they moving?What are the characters saying to each other, if anything?How much time has passed between the last frame of the storyboard and the current one?Where the "camera" is in the scene? Close or far away? Is the camera moving?