Presentation on theme: "What the Mind Can Conceive and Believe the Mind Can Achieve"— Presentation transcript:
1 What the Mind Can Conceive and Believe the Mind Can Achieve Goal Setting
2 Defining Goals and Types of Goals Goal (common definition): An objective standard, or aim of some action.Alfred Adler
3 Goals Can Be:SubjectiveObjective (more easily measured)
4 Types of Goals: Outcome goal _________________________ Process goal (task goal)____________________________________________________(Personal) Performance goal________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5 Outcome GoalsOutcome goals can facilitate short-term motivation, but often lead to anxiety before and during competition.
6 Performance Goals in Behavior Change Performance goals are often more precise than outcome goals and less dependent on the behavior of others.Too much focus on a specific performance goal (e.g., run a personal best) can create anxiety.
7 Process Goals in Behavior Change Process goals have all the advantages of performance goals, but usually don’t come with the baggage...________________________________________________________________________________________________
8 Areas in Which to Set Goals …in many areas, including individual, team, and psychological skills.Examples?
9 Why Goal Setting WorksOne explanation is that goals provide a structure that helps us make sense of our behavior. Goal-setting can:direct attention to the important elements of the skill,increase motivation & effort,increase persistence, andfoster the development of new learning strategies.
10 Why Goal Setting Works Keys: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
11 Principles of Goal Setting 1.Set specific goals. - compared with general “do your best” goals, are most effective for producing change - “how much” & “how often”GOAL: ______ Objective 1._____ (milestones)Objective 2._____2.Set difficult but realistic goals.
12 Principles of Goal Setting 3.Set long- and short-term goals.4.Set performance and process goals, and outcome goals.For every outcome goal, set several performance and process goals that will lead to the desired outcome.
15 Principles of Goal Setting 5.Set practice and competition goals.6.Record goals. “Ink it, don’t just think it.”7.Be flexible and prepare to change goals as you go…8.Consider participants’ personalities and motivations.consider factors such asachievement motivation (high vs low achievers), andgoal orientation (task or ego orientation).
17 Principles of Goal Setting 9.Foster a person’s goal commitment.Always get the athlete’s or exerciser’s input when forming goals, and ask for explicit, “public” commitments10.Provide goal support.Enlist support from significant others to make goal setting effective - create a great motivational climate.11.Evaluate and give feedback about goals.
18 Forms of Goal Evaluation Evaluation StrategyLose 10 pounds in 6 monthsClient informs fitness instructor of his or her weight weeklyImprove concentration levels during practicePlayer gives Coach weekly report card, rating practice concentration on a 0 (low)-to-10 (high) scale; Coach rates player as well…
19 Common Problems in Goal Setting Convincing students, athletes, and exercisers to set goalsFailing to set specific goalsSetting too many goals too soonFailing to adjust goalsNot providing goal evaluation or feedbackFailing to set performance and process goals; too much focus onwinning/outcome goals