Presentation on theme: "What Is Happening in China on Climate Change?"— Presentation transcript:
1What Is Happening in China on Climate Change? International Workshop on Future Climate Change PolicyAugust 6-9, 2006, Sao Paulo, BrazilWhat Is Happening in China on Climate Change?LI Liyan and LU XueduBASIC China Team
2Outline China’s Present Situation Policies and Actions in China Building Together for Another Future
3Changes of Annual Average Temperature in China (1951-2001) Vulnerability to adverse impact of climate changeChanges of Annual Average Temperature in China ( )Source: CMA, 2005（中国气象局国家气候中心）Temperature increase observed with past half century in most areas, particularly in northern China
4Changes of Annual precipitation in China (1956-2002) Vulnerability to adverse impact of climate changeChanges of Annual precipitation in China ( )（中国气象局国家气候中心）Source: CMA, 2005Precipitation increased in southern and western China but decreased in most areas in north and north-east of China
5Selected Indicators Related to Climate Change Mitigation (2004) Population1297 millionPopulation below poverty standard*~30 millionGDP (current US$)$1649 billionGDP per capita (current US$)$1272Annual GDP growth10.1%Energy consumption2032 MtceEnergy consumption per capita1.56 tceEnergy mixCoal 67.7%, Oil 22.7%Gas 2.6%, others 7.0%Energy related CO2 emissions (2002)1032MtCCO2 Emissions per capita (2002)0.8tCCO2 emissions per GDP (2002)0.75kgC/$Source: WB, China Statistic Yearbook, WRI-CAIT
6Share of Global Energy CO2 Emissions (2002) Source: WRI-CAIT
7Distribution of GHG Emissions from China in 2000 Energy SectorSource: WRI-CAIT
8Projected Energy Demand to 2020, 2030, 2050 22251386Rapid industrialization and urbanization are the key drivers of emissions growthSource: CASS, 2006
102. Policy and ActionsThe first National Communication (NC) including country GHG inventories 1994 has submitted.China is applying GEF for financial support to formulate its second NC.National climate change strategy are under formulation and will be issued for implementation soon.Sustainable development policies and measures that are in line with climate change convention goals are taken as the national development strategy.
1120% Energy Intensity Reduction Target the 11th Five Year Plan ( )20% Energy Intensity Reduction Targett/10000yuan(1980 price)In 1980 pricesSource: CASS, 2006For the first time, controlling CO2 emissions is specified as one of the goals for the country over the next 5 years.
12National Objectives for Energy Diversification by 2020 Renewable Energy11th Five-year Plan: 30 large scale wind farms with the capacity of 100Mw; Grid-connected wind and biomass will reach 5 Gw and 5.5 Gw respectively.Medium and Long term National Planning of Renewable Development: renewable energy supply Mtce, about 1/7 of primary energy consumption, installation capacity of renewable energy30% of the total generation capacity.Wind power: Over 60 wind farm in 15 provinces, installed capacity 504MW in 2005
13Deployment of Renewables Energy Law of Renewable Energy issued in Jan. 2005, specific measures including financial and economic incentives are under considerationSolar thermal: Production capacity 15 million m2,annual increase rate 28%Solar PV: Installed capacity over 70 MW, annual market growth 20%Small hydropower: over 60,000 stations of installed capacity 50GW in rural areaBiomass: 17 million household biogas digesters, over 1,600 industrial-scale biogas plants, two ethanol fuel production bases, about 500,000 tons bio-oils produced, biomass power installed capacity 2,000 MW
14National Objectives for Energy Diversification by 2020 Nuclear powercapacity installation for operation 40 GW, 4% of total generation capacity, 6% of total electricity productionNatural gasWith optimistic estimates, production will increase from 39 billion m3 in 2004 to 200 billion m3 in 2020.Da Ya Wan nuclear power station in GuangdongTalimu gas field in Xinjiang
15National CDM Fund -the First Carbon-driven Fund in China Sources: charges on CERs from CDM projects, particularly HFC-23 projects 65% to be charged;Objectives: helping national wide actions to address climate change including,Research and training for capacity buildingMitigation & adaptation activitiesFacilitating preparation of CDM projectOther climate change related activities
163. Building together for Prosperous Future The Government of China has stressed: “scientific development focusing on human-centered, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, to promote the integrated development of economy, society and humanity”.Weather and climate affect every aspect of people’s lives and wellbeing, and strongly affect our ability to achieve national sustainable development goals and policies (economic, social and environmental).Mainstreaming climate change policy into sustainable development strategy
17International Cooperation UNFCCC and Kyoto ProtocolAsia-Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate (AP6)6 members: US, Australia, Japan, South Korea, China and India8 public-private sector taskforces: to prepare a work plan and identify flagship projectsFunding announced: Australia A$100m over 5 years, US US$52m for 2007G8 + 5China-EUOther bilateral and multilateral mechanisms (China-Canada, China-Japan, China-Brazil, China-India, China-Australia, China-USA, ……)
18Climate Change Mitigation Potential Projected Energy demand will be reduced by 27% (1708Mtce) in 2050 by technology and policy scenario compared with baseline scenario in China.CO2 emission will be reduced by 39% (1263Mt-C)in 2050 bytechnology and policy scenario compared with baseline scenario in ChinaSource: ERI, 2005
19Engagement of Social Actors GovernmentCC &SDCostsRegulationNew businessReputationCompetitivenessof CompanyCivil society (NGOs, Scientific communities, etc.)BusinessNGOs promote 26℃ Energy Saving Action for Air Conditioner every summer
20Individuals also have a role to play One-off consumables in hotelwaste Foodover-packed moon cake3R (Reduction, Reuse and Recycling) to build a more resources efficient and environmental friendly society
21China’ Position Towards a post-2012 Regime Following the principle of Common but differentiated responsibilitiesAddressing Climate change under the framework of sustainable developmentTaking Technology transfer and cooperation as a key to address climate changePaying equal attention to mitigation and adaptationIntensifying international cooperation
22China is towards achieving sustainable future with the world. Thankyou !