Presentation on theme: "GENDER IDENTITY “Gender Identity” Interviews"— Presentation transcript:
1GENDER IDENTITY “Gender Identity” Interviews Time Warp in the Toy Store by Ellen J. Reifler (19)How Women are Treated in Language by Janet Shibley Hyde (20)The Male Role Stereotype by Doug Cooper Thompson (24)Conclusions
2“Gender Identity” (63-65)“In American culture, gender is the most salient feature of one’s identity”Gender rolesWhat is a social role?Contenttraditional definitions of male, femaleAlternative definitionsProcessessocialization, internalization, conscious choice“Nature/Nurture”Variations by subgroups including racial/ethnic, social class, region, rural/urban, religion, etc.
3Interviews – Goals Learn about how others Were raised in terms of gender rolesResponded to expectationsApproach the issue nowLearn more about your own history and reactionsConnect these findings to larger issues of our culture, subcultures, power, etc.
4Interviews - questions What was your family like in terms of gender roles?Parent or parentsAny siblingsExtended familyWhat about your friends?Did boys and girls play separately or together?What kinds of play? What kinds of friendships?How did adults shape or react to these patterns?
5Questions, continued What about school? How were boys and girls treated? Did you notice any differences?How did this affect you, if at allWhat else do you remember about how you were raised or treated based on gender?How does gender affect your life now?Are there expectations others have based on gender?How do you respond to these?
6Summary QuestionsOn a 1 – 5 scale, 5 being totally “traditional” (rigid gender roles), 1 being totally “nontraditional” (no gender roles)How were you raised?How would you like to raise children?Why?
7Time Warp in the Toy Store by Ellen J. Reifler (19; pp 69-71) ObservationsToys are gender-stereotypedExample – McDonald’sQuestion – to what extent is this still true? (story is from 1994)“Rigid role-typing starts at birth”Examples including “culture cops”Question – to what extent is this true, and for whom?
8Reifler, continuedIII. Conclusion: It is an “obvious truth that children’s personality traits and interests are not [biologically] “gender-based”QuestionsTo what extent do males and females behave differently in our culture?To the extent they do, why?Is Reifler’s conclusion correct?How do we know?
9Reifler, continuedIV. Reifler’s Proposal – “get rid of the artificial categories”Questions – to what extent is this?PossibleDesirable?
10How Women are Treated in Language by Janet Shibley Hyde (20; pp 71-74) Main PointsLanguage is importantShapes attitudes, behaviorsTowards self and own group, othersIn our culture, language diminishes the status and importance of femalesHow?See examples – male as normative, etc.
11Hyde, continued III. Discussion IV. Larger issue – cultural power To what extent do you agree?To the extent you agree, what can you do to change things?Levels: individual, small group, organization, societyWhy would you, if you are male?IV. Larger issue – cultural powerHow does this relate to economic power, political power?:
12The Male Role Stereotype by Doug Cooper Thompson (24; pp 86-88) Review – what is a gender-role stereotype?Male role stereotype – what is the content?Discuss – to what extent were you or males in your family, community raised this way?What are the consequencesIn terms of personality?In terms of relationships?In terms of power?What are the alternatives?Discussion – have you ever challenged these stereotypes? If so, what happened? If not, why not?
13CONCLUSIONS Most social scientists believe Gender roles reflect some contribution from biology, but large contribution from cultureEvidenceVariation across cultures and subculturesVariation over timeMales and females have fairly wide potential to act in “masculine” and “feminine” waysGender identity can be enriching, empowering for individuals, for society
14Conclusions, continued III. Culture pushes males and females toward more stereotypical behaviorsIV. This rigidity harms:A. males and females, in terms of personality, quality of life, relationshipsB. females, in terms of powerC. society, in terms of potential