Gender Roles : A set of expected behaviors for males and for females. Ex: Females are often expected to be the ones to make sandwiches and clean while males are the ones expected to support the family by working.
Gender Typing : The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role. Ex: Kids associate the color pink with girls and the color blue with boys because when they are younger most “girl toys” are pink and most “boy toys” are blue.
Gender Schema Theory : The theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly. Ex: If a girl sees that her brother is encouraged to wrestle with her father, she creates an idea governing how boys and girls should play.
Before age 1, children begin to discriminate between male and female voices and faces. After age 2, language forces children to organize their worlds according to gender. At age 3, children start to seek out members of their own gender to play. These stereotypes peak at age 6.
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Gender Roles are the expected behavior (“rules”) Gender Typing is acquiring a role or trait Gender Schema Theory is acting on gender typing and gender roles (aka changing your behavior to fit those rules)