Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogen Training Division of Facilities Construction and Management 2001."— Presentation transcript:
Bloodborne Pathogen Training Division of Facilities Construction and Management 2001
At the end of this training you will be required to complete an on-line quiz on the material you have learned.
At the end of this training you will be able to: n Understand the hazards posed by bloodborne pathogens n Protect yourself from contact with blood and body fluids n Report an exposure to your supervisor.
Bloodborne Pathogens are transmitted through contact with blood and other body fluids.
Maintenance workers have one of the highest risks of contacting a bloodborne disease at work. Have you given any thought to some of the ways you could be exposed to disease?
You could be exposed by contact with a needle...
Or a co-workers accident...
Or by working in or around sewage... It could happen to you – A Testimonial A DFCM employee was once called to find the source of a leak coming through a ceiling. After he took off the ceiling panel and was looking for the problem, a toilet was flushed. During a recent remodel, the contractor had failed to cap a sewer pipe. The waste fell on the employee, creating a potential for exposure to a bloodborne disease.
By broken glass...
Or by cleaning a unknown spill from an unknown source
Two of the most dangerous diseases spread through contact with blood and body fluids are: HIVHIV Hepatitis BHepatitis B
HIV n HIV is spread through direct contact with blood or other body fluids. n This virus causes AIDS n There is currently no immunization or cure for AIDS
Hepatitis B n Hepatitis B is also spread through contact with blood and body fluids. n Hepatitis B causes nausea, liver damage, cancer, and possibly death. n A Hepatitis B Vaccination is available.
How Do You Protect Yourself from Bloodborne Diseases? n Universal Precaution n Hepatitis B Vaccination n Personal Protective Equipment
Because your exposure to disease can come from so many sources, Facilities Management has adopted the policy of Universal Precaution.
Universal Precautions means that if you don’t know what a substance is, treat it as if it were hazardous to your health.
A Word About First Aid n If possible, have an injured person provide their own first aid n You aren’t required to render first aid n If you provide first aid, first put on your own personal protective equipment.
Hepatitis B Vaccinations
The Hepatitis B Vaccination keeps you from developing this disease, even if you are exposed to the Hepatitis B Virus.
Hepatitis B Immunization n Series of 3 shots n No serious side effects n No cost to you n Long-term protection n Not required for employment n You can choose to receive the shot whenever you choose, even if you declined at first
Warning: If you don’t receive the Hepatitis B Vaccination, you must sign a Declination Form.
The Declination Form states that even though you have the potential to be exposed to a bloodborne disease, you still do not want to be vaccinated.
Contact your supervisor for more information on receiving the Hepatitis B Vaccination or to request a Declination Form.
Personal Protective Equipment
Protective Equipment n Wearing the proper equipment during contact with blood or other body fluids can protect you from contracting diseases. n This equipment may be the only barrier between you and unknown diseases.
The equipment you need to protect yourself is inside the spill care kit available at every facility. Make sure you know where the kit in your building is before you need to use it.
Each spill care kit contains the items necessary for cleaning spills of blood or any other unknown substance.
Each kit contains: n Plastic gown n Mask/Eye shield n Gloves n Biohazard Bag n Absorbent material n Scoop n Germicidal wipe n Paper Towel n Antimicrobial wipe n Plastic Bag
The next screens will provide step by step instructions for cleaning spills using the items available in the biohazard kit.
1. Identify the Spill After you have identified a potential spill you must isolate it. If you must leave the spill to get a clean up kit, lock the area, have other FM employees secure it, or use some other form of barrier.
2. Put on the equipment necessary to protect yourself. Gloves are always required.
However, you should know how to use all the items in the kit so that if you need to use them, you can.
When cleaning a spill, first put on the gloves provided in the kit.
Warning! Latex gloves (the kind in your kit) can disintegrate when exposed to certain chemicals. If you have reason to believe that chemicals are present in a spill, use a pair of utility gloves over the latex gloves.
A plastic gown is also provided if there is a risk of getting the blood or unknown substance on your clothes.
Shoe covers are also provided, as well as …
a mask and eye shield
Wearing this equipment can protect you!
3. After you have your equipment on, pour the absorbent material on the spill if the spill is still wet.
4. Once the material has absorbed the spill, remove it with the yellow scoop provided.
If the spill is already dry, you don’t need to use the absorbent material, just use the scoop to remove it.
5. Put the material in the plastic bag provided, and seal the bag. Put this bag in the red, biohazard bag.
6. Next wipe any residue away with the germicidal disposable wipe. If the spill is a very large one, a bleach solution can also be used.
The germicidal wipe will kill any remaining bacteria or viruses left on the surface.
7. Dry the area with the paper towel.
8. Put the wipe and paper towel in the biohazard bag.
9. Next remove your personal protective equipment, taking off your gloves last, pulling them inside out as you go. Place all the equipment in the red biohazard trash bag.
10. After everything is in the biohazard bag, tie the bag with the tie provided and throw it in the trash. Since DFCM produces less than 50 pounds of medical waste per year, we can throw this waste away, as long as it is in a marked bag.
11. Next, wash your hands with hot water and soap. Then use the hand wipe provided. This will kill any bacteria or virus on your hands.
Notify your supervisor immediately that you have cleaned a potentially hazardous spill.
Needles should be placed in a sharps container. These are available at every facility. Don’t pick up needles with your hands. Always use tongs.
Broken glass that is mixed with blood should be placed in the biohazard bag and then put in a cardboard box.
Reporting n Tell your supervisor anytime you come in contact with a potentially infectious material n Let your supervisor know if you believe you have been infected by these materials.
If you believe you have been exposed to a disease, you will be sent to a doctor for an examination. The doctor will perform any tests necessary and will advise you of your likelihood of infection. ALL MEDICAL RECORDS ARE CONFIDENTIAL.
If you do not believe you have been exposed, your supervisor will complete a form describing the incident.
Review n Bloodborne pathogens are diseases spread through contact with blood and other body fluids. n Bloodborne diseases can cause death. n The Hepatitis B Vaccination can protect you from disease.
To Prevent Exposure to Disease Remember the Following: n Universal Precaution n Hepatitis B Vaccination n Personal Protective Equipment
You have now completed the Bloodborne Pathogen Training. Click on the link below to take you to the Bloodborne Pathogen Quiz. Click to take the Quiz