The dominations by one country of the political, economic and cultural life of another country
Colony A possession that the imperial power controls directly Sphere of Influence A region in which the imperial power claims exclusive investment of trading rights Protectorate A country who has its own government but whose policies are directed by the imperial power
Nationalism A nation increased its power and prestige by winning an over seas power Political/Military Strategy Seize an area to prevent a rival from expanding Economically Industrialists wanted resources and markets People wanted money Religion Make people civilized Social Darwinism Strong nations conquer weaker ones
As European nations became industrialized they looked overseas from new markets and resources See map – between 1870 – 1914 the entire continent was under European rule Except Ethiopia and Liberia This scramble for Africa brought Europe to the brink of war
A conference in 1884 – 1885 in Berlin Germany set boundaries in Africa This was done without consulting the people of Africa
Africa was not well explored until the 1800’s Africa was full of disease and resistance – this prevented expansion Medical discoveries to cure diseases were discovered Yellow fever and malaria Europeans develop the maxim gun Makes movement easier 600 rounds per minute
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