Why did nationalism and the Industrial Revolution motivate European nations to compete for colonies? How did imperialism affect Africa, Asia, and India? What were the major political and economic issues that led to WWI & how were these resolved at the end of the War?
Imperialism Imperialism - Building an empire by dominating other countries –Economy –Politics –Culture
Three Types of Imperialism Colony – settlement ruled directly by a mother country ProtectorateProtectorate – country whose policies are guided by a foreign country – not directly ruled Sphere of InfluenceSphere of Influence – when one country has trading rights in another place
Less Control More Control Where would you put COLONY, PROTECTORATE, And SPHERE OF INFLUENCE on this continuum? How Much Control Did the Mother Country Have?
What Led to Imperialism? Industrialized nations wanted: 1. Natural resources from the rest of the world. They needed raw materials to make products
What Led to Imperialism? 2.Markets to sell their manufactured goods. Industrial Revolution led to lots of new products
What Led to Imperialism? 3.To be the best. Nationalism led European countries to start empires to show how great they were!
Spread of Ideas European nations wanted to spread the following philosophies through out the world:
Spread of Ideas European nations wanted to spread the following philosophies through out the world: Christianity Democracy Capitalism
The “Scramble for Africa” Imperialism in Africa
What Was Africa Like Before? Africa was divided into hundreds of groups based on ethnicity and language Had many different religions Organized into large empires & independent villages Trade with Europeans Rich in natural resources
Colonialism in 10 mins; Uganda Rising - YouTubeColonialism in 10 mins; Uganda Rising - YouTube
Scramble for Africa Packet With a partner, complete the packet: Analyze the cartoon and answer the questions Use p. 307 to complete the Motives and Forces chart and answer the questions Read the poem and underline the “racist” terms as you read. Answer the questions. Complete the map together. THESE ARE YOUR NOTES FOR AFRICA IF YOU DO NOT FINISH, YOU SHOULD COMPLETE ON YOUR OWN!