Presentation on theme: "Maheegun My Brother Lesson 2 Eric Acland. WOLF IQ TEST 1. Which wolf, now extinct, had evolved mainly in South America? A. Mexican Wolf B. Dire Wolf C."— Presentation transcript:
Maheegun My Brother Lesson 2 Eric Acland
WOLF IQ TEST 1. Which wolf, now extinct, had evolved mainly in South America? A. Mexican Wolf B. Dire Wolf C. Red Wolf …………………………………………………………. The dire wolf, a larger and heavier relative of the gray wolf, shared its habitat with the latter until about 7,000 years ago. The dire wolf probably became extinct due to lack of large enough prey.
2. Generally, how old are wolf pups before they can walk? A. Three hours B. Three days C. Three weeks …………………………………………………. Wolf pups can manage to get around the den site moderately well, about three weeks after being born.
3. How successful are wolves when hunting their prey? A. Not Very Successful B. Mostly Successful C. Always Successful …………………………………………….. Actually, wolves are not very successful, when hunting. In one scientific study, wolves successfully hunted only 3% of a given natural prey population over a specific period of time.
4. To signal alarm, a wolf will: A. Howl B. Growl C. Bark ……………………………………………. Wolves use a type of bark to signal alarm. This starts out as a high-pitched sound or bark, which almost immediately turns into a short howl. Wolves do not bark in the same manner that domestic dogs do.
5. A high, curled tail on a wolf is generally a sign of: A. Dominance B. Fear C. Submission …………………………………………… Wolves carrying their tail high, with perked ears and upright stance, are displaying dominance over other pack members.
Wolf phrases cry wolf a lone wolf wolf in sheep's clothing have a wolf in the stomach keep the wolf from the door see a wolf
谎报军情 孤僻的人 披着羊皮的狼 饿极了 勉强度日 张口结舌
Aims in learning text A: Understand the structure and content of the text Renew our opinion on the relationship between human beings and animals. Be able to apply inversion, simile and metaphor. Pay attention to the language style of the text. Be familiar with the verbs describing actions of animals
How to appreciate literature Plot of the story: Setting of the story: Protagonist v.s. Antagonists: Drama of the story lies in: Writing technique: Theme of the story:
Step 1. plot & structure Try to retell the story in your own words Pay attention to the figure and the climax Exchange your summary with your partner How many parts can the text be divided into?
Step 2. semantic understanding Raise the difficult sentences Discuss with partners on how to understand them Deal with the difficulties altogether
Step 3. figures of speech “Gone was the puppy-wool coat.” Inversion “We hunted the grasshoppers that leaped about like little rockets.” Simile “Gone was the puppy-wool coat. In its place was a handsome black mantle.” Metaphor
Step 3. figures of speech Go through the text quickly with your group members and accomplish the tasks below: Please find out as many sentences as possible applying ‘inversion’, ‘simile’, or ‘metaphor’ in the text and write them down.
Ⅰ. Inversion Gone was the puppy-wool coat. In its place was a handsome black mantle. In sailed Mrs. Yesno, wild anger, who demanded… On the top was the clear outline of a great wolf sitting still. There, about 50 feet away, crouched my two attackers… There stood a giant black wolf.
Ⅱ. Simile & metaphor We hunted the grasshoppers that leaped about like little rockets. For the next two years I was as busy as a squirrel storing nuts for the winter. Gone was the puppy-wool coat. In its place was a handsome black mantle.
Step 4 choice of words Please find out at least 5 descriptions that you mostly interested in, where the languages are vividly used. Write them down. Summarize the words for hunting and weather
Hunting Hunt kill shoot attack slash pierce spear chase In search of, run after, raise his rifle Slay trap poison beat hit defeat Catch, capture, fish, look for, burn, bite, Tear, pounce on
Action Shiver wiggle scatter cry howl snarl Move lay poke sit stand point alert listen check store stir sleep slip lick whimper reach out leap crouch Upset, look, raise, hunt, turn, drive off, watch, follow, joining, call, head out, stay with, …………………………………………… Bite pounce on tear bark jump climb run
Part IV and V Inversion Metaphor Simile Words for hunting Expressions on weather
Spear N. a weapon consisting of a pole with a sharp, usually metal, point at one end, which is either thrown or held in the hand V. 1).to push or throw a spear into an animal: They catch the fish by spearing them. 2).to catch something on the end of a pointed tool or object: He speared a meatball with his fork.
Cub a young lion, bear, wolf, etc. Pup Puppy
Wiggle verb [I or T] INFORMAL to (cause to) move up and down and/or from side to side with small quick movements: He tried wiggling the control stick but nothing happened. She wiggled her toes in the water. Her hips wiggle as she walks. N. (countable) a small, quick movement up and down and/or from side to side:
Mischievous 1. behaving in a way, or describing behavior, which is slightly bad but is not intended to cause serious harm or damage: She has a mischievous sense of humor. a book about the mischievous antics of his ten- year-old daughter 2. expressing or suggesting mischief: a mischievous grin 3. describes behavior or words that are intended to cause harm or trouble: I think these rumors are mischievous.
Pointed 1) describes a remark, question or manner that is intended as a criticism of the person to whom it is directed: My aunt made a few pointed remarks about my taste in clothes. 2) A pointed object has a thin sharp end or becomes much narrower at one end: He's got funny little pointed ears.
smother [T] 1.to prevent something from developing or growing freely: The latest violence has smothered any remaining hopes for an early peace agreement. 2.to give someone too much love and attention so that they feel they have lost their independence and freedom: I think she broke off their engagement because she felt smothered by him.
V. 1. to kill someone by covering their face so that they cannot breathe: They threatened to smother the animals with plastic bags. 2. to kill something by covering it and preventing it from receiving the substances and conditions it needs for life: Snow soon smothered the last of the blooms. FIGURATIVE I tried desperately to smother a sneeze (= I tried not to sneeze) during his speech. 3.to stop a fire from burning by covering it with something which prevents air from reaching it: I threw a blanket over the cooker to smother the flames.
Slash 1. [I or T] to cut with a sharp blade using a quick strong swinging action: The museum was broken into last night and several paintings were slashed. She tried to commit suicide by slashing her wrists. (wrist & waist) We had to slash (our way) through the long grass to clear a path. 2. [T] INFORMAL to greatly reduce something, such as money or jobs: Prices have been slashed by 50%!
Soak (v.) 1.[I + adverb or preposition; T] to make very wet, or (of liquid) to be absorbed in large amounts: The wind had blown the rain in and soaked the carpet. You'd better wipe up that red wine you've spilt before it soaks (= is absorbed) into the carpet. 2.[I or T] to leave something in liquid, especially in order to clean it, soften it, or change its flavor: You can usually soak out a stain. Leave the beans to soak overnight./Let the beans soak overnight. Soak the fruit in brandy for a few hours before you add it to the mixture.
Soak (n.) when something is put into a liquid for a long period of time: Most dried beans need a soak before they're cooked. Showers are all right but there's nothing like a good long soak in the bath.
Toll N. suffering, deaths or damage: Independent sources say that the death toll from the earthquake runs into thousands. take its/their/a toll If something takes its/their/a toll, it causes suffering, deaths or damage: The problems of the past few months have taken their toll on her health and there are shadows beneath her eyes. The deepening recession has also taken its toll in the south of the country, where unemployment is rife.
fall through phrasal verb to fail to happen: We found a buyer for our house, but then the sale fell through. In this text, it means falling down into the snow.
Para 41 It took quite some time for my eyes to adjust themselves to be able to see clearly my grandfather sitting by my bed. Into focus: if one’s eyes, a camera, a telescope or other instruments come or comes/ are or is in focus, the edges of what you see are clear and sharp. While watching, bring your telescope into focus.
Home work To have a detailed study of the whole text Try to analyze and paraphrase the important sentences in your eye. List the words for hunting and weather (one list for one group) Bring your problems to the next class and we will have a thorough discussion on the language.