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Story Elements. What do all stories have in common? How can we find story elements?

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Presentation on theme: "Story Elements. What do all stories have in common? How can we find story elements?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Story Elements

2 What do all stories have in common? How can we find story elements?

3 Stories are all around us People have been telling stories for thousands of years Stories help us to understand our world, help us to think about the experiences of others, help us to imagine other places and other worlds And…stories are fun to hear and read

4 What stories do you know? With a partner, brainstorm as many stories as you can

5 Lots and lots of stories As you can tell, there are many different kinds of stories But there are some elements that all stories share

6 What do all stories have in common? Characters Setting Conflict (problem) Plot (events) Theme

7 Characters Characters are the people, animals, or objects who make the action happen in a story A story can have many characters, or just a few

8 Can you name the characters in these stories? The Three Little Pigs Cinderella Spider-Man Ratatouille The Frog Prince

9 Figuring out characters Usually, it’s easy to figure out the characters in a story. Just look for the names! “Why do I have to go and play with Matt in the forest again?” Gwen groaned. “Because your mother and I said so,” Gwen’s father replied. “Besides, I’m the king, so you have to do what I say.” “Being a princess is stupid,” grumbled Gwen. “What was that?” her father asked. “Nothing,” Gwen muttered.

10 Figuring out characters Usually, it’s easy to figure out the characters in a story. Just look for the names! “Why do I have to go and play with Matt in the forest again?” Gwen groaned. “Because your mother and I said so,” Gwen’s father replied. “Besides, I’m the king, so you have to do what I say.” “Being a princess is stupid,” grumbled Gwen. “What was that?” her father asked. “Nothing,” Gwen muttered.

11 Figuring out characters When a story is told in first person, it can be hard to tell the name of the main character I looked down at the floor, ashamed and worried. My plan had failed! Now the castle hallways were filled with angry pigs and cows—definitely not what I had in mind. “Cassandra?” my mother said. “Do you have an explanation for this?” “Um—no,” I replied. I knew that big trouble was ahead.

12 Figuring out characters Look for dialogue in which another character is talking to the narrator. Can you find the narrator’s name? I looked down at the floor, ashamed and worried. My plan had failed! Now the castle hallways were filled with angry pigs and cows—definitely not what I had in mind. “Cassandra?” my mother said. “Do you have an explanation for this?” “Um—no,” I replied. I knew that big trouble was ahead.

13 Figuring out characters Look for dialogue in which another character is talking to the narrator. Can you find the narrator’s name? I looked down at the floor, ashamed and worried. My plan had failed! Now the castle hallways were filled with angry pigs and cows—definitely not what I had in mind. “Cassandra?” my mother said. “Do you have an explanation for this?” “Um—no,” I replied. I knew that big trouble was ahead.

14 As you read As you read, it’s important to think about the characters Try to visualize them and imagine what they are doing Think about what they are doing in the story, and why they are doing it

15 Setting The setting is the time and place of the story

16 Setting A story that happens in the PAST will have different events and rules from a story that happens in the PRESENT or the FUTURE

17 Can you find the setting of this scene? Place This picture is of a beach Time It’s hard to tell the time from this picture. We’d need more details to figure that out

18 Can you find the setting of this scene? Place This picture is of a beach Time It’s easiest to think of time as past, present, or future. What do you think is the time in this picture? Why?

19 Inferring setting Anna sighed. She hated having to do so many chores. Her mother was always telling her to fetch the water from the well, watch her brothers and sisters, and fetch wood for the fire. “I wish that I could go to school,” she sighed, looking at her bare feet. But with her father in the Union Army, she had to help her mother. Sometimes the author doesn’t come out and explain the setting. Can you make an inference with the paragraph below?

20 Inferring setting Anna sighed. She hated having to do so many chores. Her mother was always telling her to fetch the water from the well, watch her brothers and sisters, and fetch wood for the fire. “I wish that I could go to school,” she sighed, looking at her bare feet. But with her father in the Union Army, she had to help her mother. The clues tell us that this happens in the past. Can you guess the exact time period? There is a clue!

21 What about fairy tales? With fantasy stories, it’s hard to tell a time and place Sometimes you can just say that a story happened in a “fantasy world” or in “fairy tale time”

22 Review What two story elements have we learned about so far? Character and setting What are the two parts of setting? Time and place

23 Conflict The conflict in a story is the problem Every story has to have a conflict The conflict is what drives the action in the story

24 Kinds of conflict Stories have different kinds of conflict. It’s not always just two people fighting!

25 Person versus person In this kind of conflict, two people have different ideas about what should happen Here is a playground. What kind of person versus person conflict could happen here?

26 Person versus self In this kind of conflict, the problem is inside the main character Suppose that you were hired to work on this ship and climb up into the rigging. What kind of internal conflict might you have?

27 Person versus environment In this kind of conflict, someone has to battle the environment, usually to survive Suppose you were stranded at this place. What would you need to survive?

28 Think about conflict! Think about a story that you have read lately. What was the conflict? Short stories often have just one conflict. Longer chapter books may have one main conflict, and several less important conflicts

29 Problems are solved… But conflicts are RESOLVED The resolution of a story is at the end, and shows how all of the loose ends are tied up Can you think of any resolutions from stories that you have read?

30 Review The story element that includes the time and place of the story Setting The people or animals who act in a story Characters The problem in a story Conflict

31 Plot The events of a story make up the plot In other words, the plot is what happens!

32 Plot A story can have a short, simple plot, or a long, complicated plot Can you think of an example of a story with a simple plot? A complicated one?

33 The plot of a story follows a pattern Climax Falling Action Rising Action ExpositionResolution

34 Plot part: Exposition The exposition is the beginning of the story The author introduces the characters and the setting

35 Plot part: Exposition Sometimes, the exposition can seem long and boring… But some authors will plunge you right into the action

36 Plot part: Rising action Things get more exciting with the rising action This is when the conflict is introduced

37 Plot part: Climax The climax is the turning point of the story It’s often the most exciting part Nothing will be the same again

38 Think about it! The plot of a story looks like a mountain. Why do you think the climax is at the top?

39 Plot part: Falling action The falling action is the part of the story that happens after the climax In some stories, this is a long part; in other stories, it happens quickly

40 Plot part: Resolution The resolution is the end of the story Everything is resolved and explained

41 Think about it! A story that ends at the climax is called a cliffhanger. Why do you think this is so? climax

42 Theme The theme of a story is the underlying idea. It’s the big message, the big idea. The theme is the point of the story. Without a theme, a story doesn’t make much sense.

43 Some common themes You’ll often see the same themes pop up again and again. Good will triumph over evil Honesty is the best policy

44 More themes Friendship is more important than popularity Hold onto dreams, because they might come true Slow and steady wins the race Hard work will pay off in the end Can you think of stories or movies that show these themes?

45 Figuring out themes In some stories, the theme is easy to figure out In other stories, it is a little more difficult Different stories can have the same theme

46 Review What is the plot of a story? –The events Which part of the plot is the most exciting? –The climax What is the main idea or message of a story? –The theme

47 What did we learn? Let’s see if we can answer our big questions about story elements.

48 What do all stories have in common? How can we find story elements?


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