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Presentation on theme: "LITERARY ELEMENT & THEIR DEFINITIONS. Short Story."— Presentation transcript:


2 Short Story

3 a brief work of fiction which presents a sequence of events or plot

4 Fiction

5 literary work based on the imagination, not fact

6 Protagonist

7 the main character in a literary work

8 Antagonist

9 a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist

10 Suspense

11 a feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work

12 Irony

13 a contradiction between what happens and what is expected

14 Motive/ Motivation

15 the reason that explains or partially explains a character's thoughts, feelings, action, or speech

16 Character

17 a person or animal that takes part in a narrative (story)

18 Mood

19 the overall feeling that a literary work or passage creates for the reader

20 Character Traits

21 the qualities, attitude, and values that a character has or displays

22 Word Choice/ Diction

23 an important factor in creating the tone or mood of a literary work

24 Characterization

25 The method an author uses to acquaint the reader with his or her characters through Appearance and personality Speech and behavior Thoughts and feelings Opinions of others

26 Exposition

27 Mr. Green: the banker Mrs. Scarlet: the loan officer Where: in the Living Room When: at midnight What: fight with the candlestick the introduction, the part of the work that introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation

28 Inciting Incident/ Initiating Event

29 the event at the beginning of the story that causes another event to occur. The first event introduces the central conflict.

30 Plot

31 the sequence of events in a narrative (story)

32 Setting

33 the time and place and under what circumstances the story is taking place

34 Conflict

35 a struggle between opposing forces; can be internal or external

36 Rising Action

37 the events that increase the interest or suspense, building to the climax

38 Point of View

39 the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told 1 st person, narrator is a character in the story 3 rd person, an outsider can only report what he sees or hears 3 rd person, omniscient, an outsider who can enter the mind/s of one or more characters

40 Dialogue

41 a conversation between characters.

42 Tone

43 the author’s attitude toward the audience and subject

44 Climax

45 the high point of interest or suspense in a story; also called the turning point

46 Falling Action

47 the events of a narrative following the climax

48 Resolution

49 the outcome of the conflict in a plot

50 Theme

51 central message, concern, or purpose, the underlying meaning of a literary work; a general truth about life or mankind

52 Subplot

53 a story in a novel or film that is separate from the main story and is not as important as the main story

54 Foreshadowing

55 an author’s use of hints or clues to hint at what might happen later in the story

56 Inference

57 R E A D I N G a conclusion drawn by the reader from “reading between the lines” by using prior knowledge and text

58 Flashback

59 a scene within a story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past

60 Allusion

61 a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

62 Parallel Episode

63 certain elements of the plot are repeated

64 Imagery

65 an author uses words and phrases to create mental images for the reader -sun baked backs -pumpkin patch


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