Presentation on theme: "Short Stories- English I Honors"— Presentation transcript:
1Short Stories- English I Honors 2010-2011 Literary TermsShort Stories- English I Honors
2Characters Every person or animal in a story. Round Characters: a character in fiction whose personality, background, motives, and other features are clearly defined by the writer.Flat Characters: a literary character whose personality can be defined by one or two traits.
3ProtagonistThe central character in a story or drama. The audience should sympathize with the protagonist.
4AntagonistA person or force that opposes the central character in a story or drama.
5CharacterizationThe act of developing a character; the method by which character traits are revealed.
6SettingThe time and place a story takes place. It can include time of day, week, year, or time in history. It can be a very specific, or a very general place as well.
7External ConflictA struggle between a character and a force outside of that character.Man vs. Man- two people struggling.Man vs. Nature- a person struggling with some aspect of the natural world.Man vs. Technology- a person struggling with some aspect of technology.Man vs. Society- a person struggling with his or her society.
8Internal ConflictA struggle within a character.Man vs. Self
9Point of ViewThe vantage point or perspective from which the story is told.First person: narrator is a character IN the story. He or she can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings.Third person objective: narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she hears or feels.Third person limited: narrator is an outsider who sees into the minds of one of the characters.Third person omniscient: narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can tell what multiple characters are thinking or feeling.
10FlashbackTakes place when a scene is interrupted to show an event that happened in the past.
11ThemeThe central idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to share with the reader.
12SatireA style of writing that uses humor to criticize people, ideas, or institutions in hopes of improving them.
13SymbolismWhen a person, place, event or object has a meaning itself but suggests other meanings as well.Red rose= loveDarkness= evil
14ForeshadowingThe use of clues by the author to prepare readers for what will happen in a story.
15MoodThe atmosphere or feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.Example: If you are watching a horror movie, you would have a different feeling than you would if you were watching a love story.
16Plot The plan of action in a story. Includes: Exposition Rising Action ClimaxFalling ActionResolution
17ExpositionThe way in which an author begins a piece of fiction. In the exposition, typically the characters and setting are described.
18Rising ActionAll the events in a piece of fiction which take place after the exposition and before the climax.The complications and twists in a story meant to build suspense or interest for the reader.
19ClimaxThe point of highest interest or intensity in a piece of fiction. This is where the plot begins to change.A character makes a decision, or an event takes place to change/further the course of action in the story.
20Falling Action The logical result of the climax. The effect of the events taking place during the climax. (If the climax is a cause, the falling action is an effect of that cause.)
21Resolution The outcome of a piece of literature. Also known as the Denoument.
22Static CharacterA character that does not undergo any type of change throughout the course of a literary work.
23Dynamic CharacterA character that does undergo a change during the course of a literary work.
24DialogueA conversation between characters in a literary work.
25DictionA writer or speaker’s choice of words and the way in which they arrange words in sentences.For example, in “The Cask of Amontillado,” by Poe there will be more formal diction. In “The Euphio Question,” there was more informal diction.