Presentation on theme: "Intro to the World of Work Unit One: Intro to the World of Work."— Presentation transcript:
Intro to the World of Work Unit One: Intro to the World of Work
By Dr. David Agnew and Mr. Jim Wendell Arkansas State University
Objectives: w 1. Define terms associated with introduction to the world of work: 1.1 Attitude, career, demographics, ethnic, global economy, goal, job, occupation, orientation, outsourcing, work, workforce diversity 2. State reasons why a positive attitude is important. 1.2.1 3. Explore reasons why people work 1.1.2 4. Interpret factors that contribute to a global economy 1.3.1 5. Describe the effects of a global economy in relation to the world of work 1.3 6. Describe how school courses and school work can affect a person’s career and life
Introduction to the World of Work Unit 1 Terms: Introduction to the World of Work w Attitude–a person’s outlook on life, usually positive or negative w Career–the work done over a period of years in one area of interest w Demographics–characteristics or make-up of a population w Ethnic–relating to races or groups of people with common customs w Global economy–worldwide financial management system w Goal–an objective that a person wants to obtain and works to achieve w Job–work that a person does for pay w Occupation–the type of job in which a person is employed w Orientation–acquaint or become familiar with a new situation w Outsourcing–utilizing external resources w Work–a productive activity resulting in something useful w Workforce diversity–a wide variety of workers with different backgrounds, experiences, ideas, and skills in the workplace
Reasons to Have a Positive Attitude w Makes a better impression, makes you more employable w More like to retain job longer w People prefer to work with others who have a PMA w You will enjoy work more with a PMA w Productive is higher for those who have a PMA
Attitude - Your Basic Outlook on Your Life’s Work w Perhaps the most important factor in your job success w Usually influenced by parents and other adults w Helps to develop a good work ethic - a set of values based on hard work using the belief that work is good, productive, and contains certain joys and benefits. w Could help to avoid a bad work ethic - a set of values based on the beliefs that work is always negative and a “necessary evil” where one must do only the minimum amount of labor to survive. w Self-concept - one’s self image concerning your feelings about your own worth and value
Attitude Attributes w POSITIVE ATTITUDE: w Smiles constantly w Seldom complains w Listens to other’s opinions w Willing to change for the better w Will admits mistakes w Seldom makes excuses w Seldom criticizes others w Considerate of others w Likes working with people w NEGATIVE ATTITUDE: w Seldom smiles w Complains often w They are always right w Stubborn - refuses to change w Blames others w Always makes excuses w Criticizes others w Thinks only of self w Anti-social behaviors
A Career is: Work you do over a period of years. Total of all the jobs you will ever have. Example - An Education Career can consist of many jobs such as aide, teacher, principal, superintendent
Job or Career? w Not the same thing w Compare to friendships you may have: Job - similar to a casual acquaintance that you didn’t care to know very well and won’t spend much time with Career - like a best friend; a big part of your life and you want to keep knowing and learning about all your life
Difference Between Job and Occupation using an example of a grocery store clerk in two separate stores w Both have the same occupation - grocery store clerk w However, these are different jobs because of the different job duties in each position. In one the clerk might be responsible for gathering grocery carts and sweeping the floors and in the other, the clerk might have responsibilities of checking customers out.
Demographics w Characteristics or make-up of a population Age, ethnicity, gender, income, marital status, etc.
Ethnic w Relating to races or groups of like people with common customs and attributes
What is a Good Work Ethic? w Being one time w Doing your best w Using your resources wisely w Listening and following directions w Thinking through what you are doing
Global Economy w Worldwide financial management system
Goal w An objective that a person wants to obtain and works to achieve
Possible Career Goals You might dream of; w Owning a fishing cabin in the mountains w Workshop with tools w Solving mysteries, understanding scientific problems, or acquiring knowledge about a specific topic w Inventing new products w Writing a novel w Owning your own business w Going into politics
Orientation w Acquaint or become familiar with a new situation
Outsourcing w Utilizing external resources
Then There That Four Letter Word, Known as: Work
What is Work…??? w Hard to define - over 30 lines one dictionary. w Most definitions state useful, productive activity and the labor by which a person earns a living. w On average, one will spend 30 or 40 years working full time during their adult years. w By developing a positive attitude towards work, you can be someone who has a happy and fulfilling life.
Work is: Productive activity resulting in something useful.
Why do People Work - besides to make money w People like to be with people. w People want to be fulfilled. w People need direction and purpose. Source: Text
Working to Meet a Need w Economic $$$ w Social w Psychological
Work has mixed perception in society today w People seem to want to “Get out of work” w work smarter not harder w Let others work for you w Man’s work is from sun to sun but a woman’s work is never done w Eat sleep go fish w Work in song…. Take this job and ______, Working 9 to 5, w Make hay while sun shines w Work your fingers to the bone
Attitudes toward work has evolved over time Industrial revolution first great drain on the traditional rural and agrarian society and it was a different kind of work. Electricity of the 1880s led to lighted factories. Sabbath Schools for children to learn to read in the early 1800s who were being over worked by factories. 1872 National Labor Reform Party formed 1878 Socialist Labor Party founded Child labor laws begin to emerge mid to late 1800s
Attitudes toward work has evolved over time, Continued…. Agricultural advancements (Mechanical, Chemical) released workers from the farms. The Great Depression 1930s 1938 Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act, which establishes the forty-hour work week, the minimum wage, and bans child labor in interstate commerce Study done in the 60 and repeated in the 80s Generation X
Survey Answers to Main Reasons to Work w To have money for necessities w To have money for luxuries w To be with other people and make friends w To feel good about myself because I am accomplishing something worthwhile w To feel good about myself because I expand my skills and knowledge through my work w To feel good about myself because work gives me a sense of identity
Your Work Ethic: Where did it come from? w The protestant reform movements in Great Britain w Came to America with Pilgrims and others. w Part of the religious movements of the late 1700s in the U.S. w Society—TV, Movies, magazines, etc.. w Parents, teachers, church, community organizations. w NEED
In Summary: w What is work? What is a job? and what is a career? w What are the reasons people work? w Why is it important to plan a career? w Why is it important for one to have a positive attitude towards life and work? w What are the attributes of a positive attitude?
Advantages of Career Planning w You have more control over your life when you plan ahead w Your income may increase faster because each job will be higher on your career ladder w You will more likely be working in your area of interest w Each job may give you new skills and experiences for preparation to the next advancement step w You may be able to focus on reaching your most important goals that you have established for yourself with the least amount of distraction
Planning a Career Ralph Waldo Emerson: The reward for a thing well done is to have done it. w Set a personal goal - something you want to obtain and will work to achieve. w Has a definite direction w Has a thought-out plan w Contains many steps w Requires hard work w Takes time
Planning a Career (Cont.) Comparing Career Planning to Mountain Climbing w Both require planning to advance in the most productive manner w Decisions need to be made for successful completion of both w Aimless wandering in either may result in much activity with little or no gain toward the desired goal