4Objectives After completing this section, you will be able to: Describe the reasons most people work.Explain how the career clusters can help you prepare for college and career success.
5Key Termsjob occupation career associate degree bachelor degree occupational trend career clusters career pathway job shadowing
6Why Do People Work?Chances are you will spend more time working than doing any other activity in your lifetimeIn addition to earning money, many people work for other reasonsWork helps to define who we are and gives meaning to our lives
7Why Do People Work? (continued) Work can help youFeel good about yourselfHave a positive attitude about lifeMake life-long friendsContinue to learn and growWork can be either drudgery or a joyTaking time to explore your career options will help you find a job that you will like and that you do well
8Exploring the World of Work A key concern of people entering the workforce is finding a job they enjoyIt is rare for a person to stay at the same job for a lifetimeWork that requires the use of related skills and experience is called an occupationA career is a progression of related occupations that results in employment and personal growth
9Education and Training Requirements Having the education necessary to enter a profession of choice is very importantJobs that do not require a degree or technical training usually provide on-the-job trainingMany jobs require at least an associate degreeAbout 20 percent of jobs may require at least a bachelor degree
10Education and Training Requirements Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
11Future Occupational Trends Occupational trends are research-based forecasts about which jobs will most likely be neededAdvances in technology and changes in society shape occupational trendsAn aging populationAn increased concern for health and fitnessA high interest in recreation and entertainmentNew ways of communicating based on new technologies
12Career ClustersOne of the best ways to learn about careers is by studying the career clustersCareer clusters are groups of occupational and career specialtiesEach cluster shows a grouping of occupations and industries and the skills that are required for eachEach cluster includes several career directions, called career pathways
13Career ExplorationWhen making career decisions, consider your interests and abilitiesUse as many different resources as you canAttend career events at school and listen to guest speakersParticipate in field trips to different employers in your communityConsider learning more about the world of work through job shadowing or volunteering
14Preparing for Career Success Section 1.2Preparing for Career Success
15Objectives After completing this section, you will be able to: Describe the difference between possessing knowledge and having skills.Explain the importance of transferable skills as you consider college and career opportunities.
17Career Knowledge and Skills Different jobs require different skills and knowledgeMany jobs also require certain similar abilities or skills in all workersEmployers tend to prefer employees with skills that can transfer from one job to anotherPreparation for the world of work begins long before you actually have a job or career
18Career Knowledge and Skills (continued) Knowledge and skills in these areas are essential for employeesAcademic foundationsCommunicationsProblem solving and critical thinkingInformation technology applicationsSystemsSafety, health, and environmentLeadership and teamworkEthics and legal responsibilitiesEmployability and career developmentTechnical skills
19Transferable SkillsTransferable skills are skills used in one job that can also be used in another jobThese skills may be specialized skills or broader skills, such as problem solvingYour future success will depend on developing skills that can be used now and applied to future work opportunities
20What are two places in your community where you might volunteer your services? What job skills could you learn or improve by volunteering at these places?What is one transferable skill you have learned in school that could be applied on a job?