Presentation on theme: "Standard 6 The student will analyze the nature of territorial and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation."— Presentation transcript:
1Standard 6The student will analyze the nature of territorial and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation.
3The Northwest Ordinance It established the precedent by which the U.S. would expand westward across North America by the admission of new states, rather than by the expansion of existing states.The new states that were added were Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota."Religion, morality, and knowledge" are "necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.“This means that the government was held responsible for the education of its citizens.This essentially creates a public schooling system in the territory and promotes the creation of colleges and universities.
4Which was the first state to be created by the Enabling Act of 1802, which set forth the requirements for territories to achieve statehood?AlaskaHawaiiMichiganOhio
5The Northwest Ordinance and Slavery The ordinance prohibited slavery in the regionThe banning of slavery in the territory had the effect of establishing the Ohio River as the boundary between free and slave territory in the region between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River.This becomes important later in American history when the country continues to expand westward and the expansion of slavery becomes a bigger issue.
7The land in the Northwest Territories was ceded to the United States following The defeat of Spanish colonies in the region.Great Britain’s defeat in the American Revolution.The Indian removal that occurred after the French and Indian War.The withdrawal of the French colonists following the French Revolution.
9Louisiana Purchase The U.S. paid $15 million for the purchase. The purchase doubled the size and the debt of the U.S.Jefferson bought the land to prevent the French from establishing themselves on the continent.Many people opposed the purchase because they felt that it made the federal government too powerful.St. Louis and New Orleans were included in the purchase.
10The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 Pushed the Spanish below the Rio Grande in North America.Resulted in increased conflict between the U.S. and France.Resulted in the removal of all British military forces from North America.Almost doubled the area of the U.S. and gave it control of the Mississippi River.
11Napoleon was prompted to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States because He had lost control of the revolution in France.He needed to raise money to wage war with Great Britain.He had received an unfavorable ruling at the Congress of Vienna.He feared US aggression should he fail to placate Thomas Jefferson.
12Which of these caused the United States to grow the most? Land won from the Mexican WarThe annexation of AlaskaThe Louisiana PurchaseThe Gadsden Purchase
13Lewis and ClarkMeriwether Lewis and William Clark led what was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back.Sacagawea served as a guide and interpreter.Originally intended to determine exactly what was obtained in the Louisiana Purchase, the expedition laid much of the groundwork for the Westward Expansion of the United States.The new knowledge they obtained about the Northwest's geography, natural resources, and native inhabitants sparked American interest in the west, and strengthened the nation's claim to the area.
14In their journey westward, Lewis and Clark traveled the furthest distance on which river? ColumbiaMississippiMissouriSnake
16Reasons for the War of 1812A series of trade restrictions introduced by Britain to impede American trade with France.The impressment (forced recruitment) of U.S. citizens into the Royal Navy.The British military support for American Indians who were offering armed resistance to the expansion of the American frontier to the Northwest.An unstated but powerful motivation for the Americans was the desire to uphold national honor in the face of what they considered to be British insults.
17In the War of 1812, the United States Fought Mexico for territory in the Southwest.Gained the Florida territory from the Spanish.Fought France for control of the Louisiana Territory.Responded to England’s attempts to restrict US trade in Europe.
18The Treaty of GhentThe war was ended by the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814.The terms stated that fighting between the United States and Britain would cease, all conquered territory was to be returned to the prewar claimant, the Americans were to gain fishing rights in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, and that both the United States and Britain agreed to recognize the prewar boundary between Canada and the United States.Basically nobody gained anything from this war.The treaty ignored the grievances that led to war.American complaints of Indian raids, impressment and blockades were not mentioned in the treaty. The treaty proved to be merely an expedient to end the fighting.
19Which of these best describes the result of the Treaty of Ghent (1814)? The United States acquired Michigan.Canada became part of the British Empire.The United States agreed to stop stealing British slaves.Seized lands were returned to their respective countries.
20The Battle of New Orleans Unaware of the peace, Andrew Jackson's forces moved to New Orleans, Louisiana in late 1814 to defend against a large-scale British invasion.Jackson defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans.It was hailed as a great victory for the U.S., making Jackson a national hero and eventually propelling him to the presidency.
21The Effects of the War of 1812 The U.S. ended the aboriginal threat on its western and southern borders.The nation also gained a psychological sense of complete independence as people celebrated their "second war of independence.“Nationalism soared after the victory at the Battle of New Orleans.The opposition Federalist Party collapsed, and the Era of Good Feelings ensued.The United States no longer questioned the need for a strong Navy.
23Erie CanalThe Erie Canal is a man-made waterway in New York that runs about 363 miles from Albany on the Hudson River to Buffalo at Lake Erie, completing a navigable water route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes.
24The Impact of the Erie Canal It also increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and by enabling migration to the Great Lakes region and the West.The Erie Canal made an immense contribution to the wealth and importance of New York City.Many of the immigrants to New York at this time worked on the canal.Because the canal made migration to the West possible, New York City became a major entry point for many immigrants.
25After the Erie Canal was constructed Many people emigrated to the South.There was a significant recession in New York.Both trade and the number of jobs in New York declined.New cities were built along the shores of the Great Lakes.
27The Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine was a United States policy which said that further efforts by European governments to colonize land or interfere with countries in the Americas would be viewed by the US as acts of aggression requiring US intervention.
28The Monroe Doctrine Importance of: Reasons for: It created a sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere for the US.It was also an attempt by the US to assert its influence upon a part of the world.It was also a demonstration of the new American spirit of nationalismIts primary objective was to free the newly independent colonies of Latin America from European intervention and control.The doctrine advocated that the New World and the Old World were to remain distinctly separate spheres of influence.President Monroe claimed the United States of America, although only a fledgling nation at the time, would not interfere in European wars or internal dealings, and in turn, expected Europe to stay out of the affairs of the New World.
29The Monroe Doctrine (1823) COULD have been used in response to which of these events? The French invasion of Mexico by Napoleon IIIThe secession of South Carolina from the UnionThe removal of Indian cultures from the American westThe war with Mexico for control of the American southwest
30The Monroe Doctrine can be viewed as a moral opposition to RacismSlaveryCommunismColonialism
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