Presentation on theme: "SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new."— Presentation transcript:
SSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation.
a.. A. Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.
Review As the population of the colonies grew, settlers began to expand westward. This resulted in a conflict because the Native Americans and French settlers already had established this area. Which war did we talk about that resulted from this conflict?
N.W. Ordinance Northwest Ordinance in 1787- The law divided the area into smaller territories and provided guidelines for new states being admitted to the Union. This ordinance led to the eventually formation of these five states: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
Slavery and the N.W. Ordinance The ordinance made slavery illegal in the new territory. **However, slave owners already living in the territory prior to the law did NOT have to give up their slaves. Who would try and take advantage of this and move up North? The White authorities passed laws requiring them to pay money if they did not own land, making it difficult for blacks to move in.
Education and the N.W. Ordinance As the nation expanded, leaders and citizens wanted to make sure the country maintained a sense of unity and “national values.” i.e individualism and patriotism. States began using public education as a tool to encourage the people. Also, many states believed that they needed to educate the population in order to keep up with other nations. States started to guarantee public education.
b. Describe Jefferson’s diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territory’s exploration by Lewis and Clark.
Thomas Jefferson Made an initial offer to France that was turned down by Napoleon for the purchase of just New Orleans. Finally, the French emperor offered Jefferson not only New Orleans but the whole Louisiana region.
Louisiana Purchase of 1803 The United States’ largest land purchase, roughly doubling the size of the country. Makes up about 15 states and 23% of U.S. What would this bring to the United States?
Lewis and Clark Before the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson elected Meriwether Lewis, to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean. Lewis chose William Clark to help him lead the expedition that departed from St. Louis in May of 1804. Finally, November 1805, the expedition reached the Pacific Northwest coast. People believed they were dead but they arrived back in St. Louis in September of 1806.
Who cares about Lewis and Clark! After over 2 years of exploring they came back with valuable information abut Oregon and Louisiana territories. Led to the rapid migration of settler to the Pacific Northwest. The pathway these settlers followed from Missouri became know as the Oregon Trail.