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USI.8 EXPANSION USI.8A describe territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase,

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Presentation on theme: "USI.8 EXPANSION USI.8A describe territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase,"— Presentation transcript:

1 USI.8 EXPANSION USI.8A describe territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida, Texas, Oregon, and California. USI.8B identify the geographic and economic factors that influenced the westward movement of settlers. USI.8C describe the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America. USI.8D identify the main ideas of the abolitionist and suffrage movements.

2 WESTWARD MOVEMENT USI.8A-D Oh, Susannah (5)

3 WHY MOVE WEST? Population growth in the eastern states Cheap, fertile land Economic opportunity (gold rush, logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves) Cheaper, faster transportation (rivers and canals {Erie Canal}, steamboats, etc.) Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon & Santa Fe) Belief in Manifest Destiny (idea that expansion was good and right for the country) USI.8B

4 NEW TECHNOLOGIES Cotton gin (Eli Whitney) – increased production of cotton & increased the need for slaves to grow & pick it Reaper (Cyrus McCormick) – increased production of the farmer Steamboat (Robert Fulton) – faster transportation from Southern plantations to factories of the North Steam locomotives – faster land transportation USI.8C

5 WESTWARD EXPANSION Louisiana Purchase Florida Texas Annexation Oregon Country California (Mexican Cession) USI.8A

6 LOUISIANA PURCHASE Jefferson purchased land from France Doubled the size of the United States Lewis & Clark were hired to explore from Mississippi R. to Pacific Ocean Sacajawea was a guide USI.8A Cajun music (2)

7 Louisiana Purchase 1803 Cost 15 million dollars Purchased by Jefferson from Napoleon Doubled the size of the U.S. Slide borrowed from the internet

8 FLORIDA Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty USI.8A Swanee River – FL State Song (2)

9 Florida 1819 Florida was purchased from Spain Adams-Onis Treaty Slide borrowed from the Internet!

10 TEXAS Stephen Austin Sam Houston Alamo –Davy Crockett –Jim Bowie Texas Republic Mexican War –Santa Anna USI.8A Yellow Rose of Texas – TX State Song (2)

11 The Annexation of Texas Texas breaks from Mexico and declares its independence in The U.S. annexed Texas in Led to the Mexican/American War. Slide borrowed from the Internet!

12 OREGON COUNTRY Divided with Great Britain – Britain got British Columbia Contained states of Washington, Oregon, and part of Idaho Oregon Trail helped people settle there USI.8A Oregon State Song – ? (2)

13 Oregon Territory or Fight. British withdrawal in or Fight. British withdrawal in Slide borrowed from the Internet!

14 CALIFORNIA John C. Fremont Part of the Mexican Cession after the Mexican War (1845) Sutters Mill –Gold Rush of 1849 –Forty-niners –Sacramento USI.8A Let Me Be There (3) All the Gold (3)

15 Mexican Cession Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo Mexico gave up California, New Mexico Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo Mexico gave up California, New Mexico Slide borrowed from the Internet!

16 The Gadsden Purchase 1853 Purchased from Mexico because we thought that we would build a transcontinental railroad there. Slide borrowed from the Internet!

17 Actual Map of Expansion Here is how it looks overall. River of Dreams (4)

18 Expansion of the United States Can you find the misspelled word?

19 COLOR YOUR MAP: 13 Colonies Old Northwest Old Southwest Florida Louisiana Purchase Texas Annexation Oregon Country Mexican Cession Gadsden Purchase Alaska Purchase Hawaiian Annexation Not shown or colored on this map!

20 MANIFEST DESTINY

21 ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT Most abolitionists demanded freedom for slaves Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong –Morally wrong –Cruel and inhumane –A violation of the principles of democracy Leaders –Harriet Tubman –William Lloyd Garrison –Frederick Douglass USI.8D The Liberator Harriet Tubman Frederick Douglass Go Down, Moses (1)

22 SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT Supporters declared that All men and women are created equal. Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights. –Denied the right to vote –Denied educational opportunities –Denied equal opportunities in business –Limited in rights to own property Leaders –Sojourner Truth –Susan B. Anthony –Elizabeth Cady Stanton USI.8D Sojourner Truth I am Woman (1)


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