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Computer Network Research Group ITB Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi Abad 21 Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) Institut Teknologi Bandung.

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Presentation on theme: "Computer Network Research Group ITB Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi Abad 21 Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) Institut Teknologi Bandung."— Presentation transcript:

1 Computer Network Research Group ITB Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi Abad 21 Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) Institut Teknologi Bandung

2 Computer Network Research Group ITB Information Technology Communication Computer Content

3 Computer Network Research Group ITB Information Technology 3C

4 Computer Network Research Group ITB Outline l Visi l Layering & Strategies in Information Technology. l Filosofi dibalik trend teknologi informasi sebuah phenomena de-facto vs. de-jure. sebuah phenomena arus bawah vs. atas. l Sisi praktis perkembangan Teknologi informasi. l Penutup

5 Computer Network Research Group ITB Objectives Melihat beberapa sisi perkembangan teknologi informasi Membaca Filosofi Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi

6 Computer Network Research Group ITB Visi Mari Belajar Dari Visi Negara Lain

7 Computer Network Research Group ITB Vision l IT Vision of An Intelligent Island (Singapore) - l National Information Infrastructure (NII) - ada banyak Web yang membawa NII. l Asia Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII). l Information Superhighway. l One Stop, Non-Stop Services.

8 Computer Network Research Group ITB Arus Atas & Arus Bawah Sebuah Phenomena dalam Perkembangan Information Technology.

9 Computer Network Research Group ITB Pelajaran Utama kita perlu memperhatikan secara seksama perkembangan arus bawah yang terjadi.....

10 Computer Network Research Group ITB Pelajaran Utama Pergeseran konsep yang fundamental IT banyak terjadi justru dibawah! contoh Internet...

11 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Komentar Para Legendaris Arus Bawah “Either lead or follow but please don’t block the road for those who would move forward” - Phil Karn. “The IETF rejects presidents, kings and voting. We believe in rough consensus and working code” - David Clarke.

12 Computer Network Research Group ITB Visi Arus Bawah Low Cost Equipments No Regulation only Concensus Independent Service Distributed System Small & Specific

13 Computer Network Research Group ITB Strategies in Information Technology Konseptualisasi Information Technology

14 Computer Network Research Group ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework

15 Computer Network Research Group ITB Technical Standards l Digital Media l Open Systems l Bar-coding l Smart Cards l Security l High Definition TeleVision (HDTV). l Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). l Document Representation (HTML, SGML)

16 Computer Network Research Group ITB Core Information Technology l Multimedia l Real Time Computing l Knowledge Systems l Advanced Telecommunications & Networking l Human Interface l Systems and Models

17 Computer Network Research Group ITB Principle of the NII l Distributed –'Middleware' such as APIs, RPCs, and Messages l Ubiquitous –Information Appliances and Utility l Reliable –Fault Tolerance, Distributed Systems, DCE l Secure –Communications, Data and User Access Security

18 Computer Network Research Group ITB Principle of the NII l Multi-service –Bandwidth on Demand - Gigabit Networks l Easy to Use –Ergonomics and Multilingual Characters l Open –Standards for Interoperability, Portability, Integration

19 Computer Network Research Group ITB Let’s see Singapore One of my favorite!

20 Computer Network Research Group ITB Singapore’s IT Milestones National Computeriztion Plan 1980 National IT Plan 1986 IT 2000 Informatisation 1992

21 Computer Network Research Group ITB Singapore’s National IT Plan IT Manpower IT Culture Information Communication Infrastructure Climate for Creativity & Entrepreneurship Coordination Collaboration IT Application IT Industry

22 Computer Network Research Group ITB IT2000 Vision of an Intelligent Island IT links Computers In Every Home, Office, School, Factory, and Government... Advanced National Information Infrastructure Information Appliances Accessing Rich Array of Multimedia Services Smart Infrastructure - Ports, Schools, Roads

23 Computer Network Research Group ITB IT2000 Sectoral Group l Tourist & Leisure Services. l Transportation. l Retail, Wholesale & Distribution. l Construction & Real Estate. l Education & Training. l Financial Services. l Media Publishing & Information Services. l Manufacturing. l IT Industry. l HealthCare. l Government

24 Computer Network Research Group ITB Some Singapore’s Initiatives l Trade-Net l Establishment of Data Hubs. l Student’s & Teacher’s Workbench. l Internet for Schools. l Construction and Real Estate NETwork. l Legal Services - Court Vision 21. l Helthcare MediNet l Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) l TourNet l Borderless Library Network.

25 Computer Network Research Group ITB Singapore’s TradeNet l Customs. l Wholesalers. l Distributors. l Retailers. l Importers / Exporters. l Freight Forwarders. l Shipping Agents. l Carriers. l Transport Companies. l Banks. l Information Providers. l Insurance Companies. l Air Cargo Agents. l Other Gov’t Agencies.

26 Computer Network Research Group ITB Tradenet’s Performance l SIM Award l 20 Gov’t Agencies. l 8500 Companies. l 95% electronic submission. l Approval reduced from 2 days to 15 mins. l 20-30% increase in user productivity. l 24 hour operation.

27 Computer Network Research Group ITB TradeNet Key Factor. l Human Resource. l Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).

28 Computer Network Research Group ITB Singapore’s Data Hub l Land Hub –Physical land-related data including lot boundaries, buildings, utilities, roads. l Estab Hub –Business information like name, registration number, paid-up capital, directors information. l People Hub –Personal data like name, NRIC, address, sex, date of birth etc.

29 Computer Network Research Group ITB Data Hubs Benefits l Reduced effort in data collection and processing. l Minimise redudancy and duplication of data storage. l Less of a bother for the citizen to fill up common information already known. l More timely, accurate and consistent data.

30 Computer Network Research Group ITB User’s Perspectives Arah Perkembangan di Bawah (arus bawah)

31 Computer Network Research Group ITB Demand Push l High Speed 2Mbps WAN is bare minimum! l Video / Multimedia Applications Virtual Reality is one of the ultimate goal!

32 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konsekuensi Teknologi Application Specific Personal Interaction - Multimedia

33 Computer Network Research Group ITB Trend Communication Technology High Speed Clear Channel atau Small High Speed Packet

34 Computer Network Research Group ITB Apa yang di inginkan user? High speed & low cost! Tidak harus B-ISDN / ATM / E1 / T1 dkk dll.....

35 Computer Network Research Group ITB Arus Bawah Memilih High Speed Clear Channel (low cost!)

36 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konsekuensi Lain High Speed Switching Router

37 Computer Network Research Group ITB Trend Computer Technology Small Low Cost Application Specific

38 Computer Network Research Group ITB Bisa kita Perhatikan l Mainframe vs. Personal Computer. l RISC Processsors. l Palmtop application specific computing devices.....

39 Computer Network Research Group ITB Apa yang di inginkan user? l High speed & low cost! l bukan multi-purpose devices. l rela membeli banyak cheap / low cost application specific appliances.

40 Computer Network Research Group ITB Trend Content Multimedia Interactive

41 Computer Network Research Group ITB Apa yang di inginkan user? Live Personal Communication & information retrieval

42 Computer Network Research Group ITB Hal lain yang diinginkan.. Network Security!

43 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cukup dengan Filosofi Get real!

44 Computer Network Research Group ITB Teknologi Komunikasi Clear Channel High Speed

45 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Nyata Teknologi Komunikasi l Wireless Wide Area Network l Teknologi HDSL & sebangsanya. l Multicast Backbone (MBONE) l 100Mbps Ethernet

46 Computer Network Research Group ITB Peralatan Wireless WAN l Card Wireless Ethernet l Speed 2Mbps s/d 10Mbps l Distance km :-).... l Antenna Yagi / Disc l PC sebagai router ke LAN Ethernet

47 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless LAN PC dengan spesifikasi: 386 4Mbyte RAM Cukup Floppy Ethernet card ke LAN

48 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless LAN Spec.250mW 915MHz / 2.4GHz 2,048Mbps Teknologi CDMA US$750 / buah

49 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless LAN Antenna Loop Yagi 915Mhz Rp ,- Disc 2.4GHz

50 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless LAN Percobaan di ITB, Bandung Dengan Antenna Loop Yagi 915MHz Jarak 15 km LAN-to-LAN Connection 2Mbps (sponsor PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia)

51 Computer Network Research Group ITB Mungkinkah Membuat Sendiri Wireless LAN Equipments? Sangat Mungkin! Chip Set CDMA Cellular banyak dipasaran....

52 Computer Network Research Group ITB Bagaimana Dengan Regulasi? l MenParPostel belum mempunyai regulasi tentang CDMA.... l Peluang untuk melakukan penelitian & perubahan regulasi untuk CDMA di Indonesia

53 Computer Network Research Group ITB Teknologi HDSL l Modem HDSL l Speed 2,048Mbps l Distance 5 km via chopper wire l PC dengan Interface card / Router

54 Computer Network Research Group ITB HDSL Equipment

55 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konsep Multicast Backbone l IP address MBone l Client akan “monitor” pada IP address MBONE. l Menggunakan software switching mrouted

56 Computer Network Research Group ITB Visualisasi MBONE

57 Computer Network Research Group ITB Aplikasi MBONE l Video Broadcasting via Internet l TV Broadcasting via Internet l TV Reflector di Internet l Video Teleconference via Internet

58 Computer Network Research Group ITB Teknologi Komputer Application Specific Computing Devices

59 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Nyata l Internet Toaster US$500 :-).... l Processor + 4Mb RAM + Modem - US$250...

60 Computer Network Research Group ITB Argumentasi Intel l Visi “The Connected PC”. l Reduced Microprocessor Price. l Imbedded Multimedia.

61 Computer Network Research Group ITB Content Interactive Multimedia Network Security

62 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Nyata Java & HotJava CU-see-Me (Video Conference) Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML)

63 Computer Network Research Group ITB CU-see-Me

64 Cybercast Station

65 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cybercast Station Satellite / Microwave Disc For Receiving Broadcast Transmission

66 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cybercast Station VCR to remove the RF signal and split video & audio signals

67 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cybercast Station MacQuadra sebagai server CU-see-Me

68 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cybercast Station Reflector / Relay24 jam Bagi trsnsmisi video

69 Computer Network Research Group ITB Cybercast Station MBone Tunnel untuk transmisi via Firewall / Internet

70 Computer Network Research Group ITB Some Cool URLs in Internet l site l Web site l Video on Demand

71 Computer Network Research Group ITB High Profit IT Business l Human Resource l Manufacturing backed by Research & Development

72 Computer Network Research Group ITB Bagaimana dengan Indonesia? Sekelumit R&D di ITB

73 Computer Network Research Group ITB Sekelumit kegiatan R&D ITB l NOC untuk Bandung-Net. l 2Mbps Ku-Band gate ke Asian Internet Interconnection Initiative / AI3 (Nara, Japan). l 38.4Kbps L-Band gate ke Partners gateway (Kashima, Japan). l HDLC Card Kbps. l GMSK 19.2Kbps & Kbps modem. l DSP based modems (support Motorola International Inc). l Terminal Node Controllers untuk packet network.

74 Computer Network Research Group ITB Network Center - CNRG-ITB

75 Computer Network Research Group ITB Kerjasama / Sponsored R&D l 38.4Kbps C-Band gate ke PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. l Leased line Kbps via MultiTech & Motorola Vanguard 300 (PT. Telkom, PT.PanSystem & PT. Abhitama Citra Abadi) l Operasi 9 gateway radio (7 VHF & 2 HF) - (partly PT. Hollycommindo Hitech). l Operasi 2 link 2Mbps WaveLAN (PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia)

76 Computer Network Research Group ITB Beberapa Obsesi CNRG-ITB l Running an Indonesian MBone Tunnel & Reflector Site. l Running CU-see-Me Teleconference site (butuh videoblaster + multimedia kit). l Build 2-10Mbps Wireless Equipments. l Build 2Mbps HDSL modem & interface.

77 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary l Human Resource would be the key to success. l Belajar dari pergerakan arus bawah di Information Technology. l Belajar dari pergerakan National Information Infrastructure - antisipasi market shift.

78 Computer Network Research Group ITB

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