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Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet Utilization in Indonesia Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung

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Presentation on theme: "Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet Utilization in Indonesia Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung"— Presentation transcript:

1 Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet Utilization in Indonesia Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung

2 Computer Network Research Group ITB Acknowledgment l Those who donate ITB-Net : PT. USI/IBM, PT. Masaro, PT. Daya Sakti Timber, PT. Daksina Arga Perkasa, PT. LEN Industry etc..... l Those who spent many sleepless nights in building the Indonesia network at:

3 Computer Network Research Group ITB Vision 5 Million Indonesian in Internet in the next 5-10 years.

4 Computer Network Research Group ITB Outline l Internet in Indonesia l Local Internet / Telecomm Capacity l Current Network Status. l Future Trends & Recommendations. l Summary.

5 Computer Network Research Group ITB Up-dated Reports at.... l l l l

6 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary Indonesian Internet l Approx. 3 years of history... l More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. l More Than users. l Mostly using satellite regional network. l Current total speed more than 18Mbps. l Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. Considering 200 Million Indonesia Population Current Internet Population Gives No Significant Effect!

7 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary Indonesian Internet l Approx. 3 years of history... l More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. l More Than users. l Mostly using satellite regional network. l Current total speed more than 18Mbps. l Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. The Trick Is To Increase Significantly the Mass Then Internet Will Be Something in Indonesia

8 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary Indonesian Internet l Approx. 3 years of history... l More Than 34 ISP within 3 years. l More Than users. l Mostly using satellite regional network. l Current total speed more than 18Mbps. l Mostly retail / single user - not too many corporate user as yet. The Easiest & Cheapest Way is By Integrating All Indonesian Universities

9 Computer Network Research Group ITB User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

10 Computer Network Research Group ITB User Composition (June 1995) Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users In 1996, It is believed to be dominated by Commercial ISP Users

11 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet Topology

12 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet Topology Multiple Connection To Internet With Total Speed of 18Mbps!

13 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet Topology Many Regional Networks Overlay On Top One Another

14 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet Topology There Are Some Packet Radio Networks as the Early Internet in Indonesia connected mainly to LAPAN & ITB

15 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet Topology ITB Runs The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education at 2Mbps

16 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot)

17 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) It Is Increasing Exponentially

18 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) User Base & Regional Backbone Should Be Deployed To Sustain Such Increase!

19 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia IT Sales Year Million US$ Source

20 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia IT Sales Year Million US$ Source It is a linear increase

21 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major IT Users in Indonesia l Financial Institutions. l Trade & Business Institutions. l Media & Newspaper Industries. l Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries.

22 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major IT Users in Indonesia l Financial Institutions. l Trade & Business Institutions. l Media & Newspaper Industries. l Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries. Attract Most of The Indonesian Web Surfers

23 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major IT Users in Indonesia l Financial Institutions. l Trade & Business Institutions. l Media & Newspaper Industries. l Travel, Hotel & Tourist Industries. Seems To Be The Most Interested Industry in Putting Their Profile in Internet

24 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines

25 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines Use Indonesia as Keyword From Time To Time

26 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Increase in Indonesia Presence in Internet Check Out Various Internet Search Engines Thanks Goes to Many Indonesia Presence Providers

27 Computer Network Research Group ITB Fact Is..... l 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. l Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic.

28 Computer Network Research Group ITB Fact Is..... l 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. l Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. The Indonesian Still Needs To Learn How To Speak Up :-)...

29 Computer Network Research Group ITB Fact Is..... l 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. l Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. We Need To Learn International Marketing!

30 Computer Network Research Group ITB Fact Is..... l 70-80% Indonesian Web Traffic is actually generated from *.id domain. l Mbyte / Day / Site of Web Traffic. Significant Increase From Last Year’s 10-20Mbyte / Day/ Site

31 Computer Network Research Group ITB Mailing List as Major Applications l ITB hosts more than 100 mailing lists. l l l l l l

32 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at:

33 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: Remember By The Year 1997 Number of PC Sales - Outnumber TV Sales

34 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: Indonesia Internet Will Be Dominated By More Powerful PCs..

35 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: Most Corporate Will Likely To Have Novell Network / NT Server Connected to Internet

36 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: Not Many Expert Around When It Comes to Activate TCP/IP Within Novell

37 Computer Network Research Group ITB Local Internet Capability.. l Mostly PC / Windows Based Machine. l Mostly Running Novell or NT Server Within Corporate. l Not Many TCP/IP & Internet Expert Around. Those who are around can be found at: Please Do Ask For Advice From These Groups If You Have Difficulties....

38 Computer Network Research Group ITB Telecommunication Infrastructure. l Terrestrial Segment. l Space Segment.

39 Computer Network Research Group ITB Terrestrial Infrastructure... l PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? l PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx. 17 cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? l WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps!

40 Computer Network Research Group ITB Terrestrial Infrastructure... l PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia - more than 30 cities & 80 major switches at 2Mbps - NATIONAL BACKBONE? l PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta - approx cities - hope 31 cities in 1997 at 2Mbps - ANOTHER NATIONAL BACKBONE? l WaveLAN - low cost & cheap 2Mbps! Low Cost Solution For Building 2Mbps MAN It costs us less than US$ 4000 to setup a 2Mbps node in MAN!

41 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless Terrestrial Infrastructure... l Promising Arena For The Future... l Conventional AMPS & GSM... l Wireless Data Network

42 Computer Network Research Group ITB Mobile Computing l Internet l FAX l SMS (GSM) l Pager l Stock Market

43 Computer Network Research Group ITB Space Segment / Infrastructure.. l Several Major Players: –PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. –PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). –PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. –PT. Primacom l One Major Satellite Manufacturer: –PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI)

44 Computer Network Research Group ITB Space Segment / Infrastructure.. l Three Major Players: –PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. –PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). –PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. –PT. Primacom l One Major Satellite Manufacturer: –PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI) VSAT TDMA Station Cost US$ 1500 / Month At 64Kbps..... Not Bad For Low Internet Traffic

45 Computer Network Research Group ITB Space Segment / Infrastructure.. l Three Major Players: –PT. Aplikanusa Lintasarta. –PT. Citra Sari Makmur (CMS). –PT. Elektrindo Nusantara. –PT. Primacom l One Major Satellite Manufacturer: –PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia (CMI) VSAT TDMA for US$ 1500 / month translated into Less Than Rp / Student / Month For 24 hour Internet Access!

46 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Intenet Exchange (IX) l Telkom (SISFO) –Telkom –IndoNet –RadNet –ITB l Indosat –IBM –Lintas Arta (IDOLA)

47 Computer Network Research Group ITB Government Computerization.. l Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions... l Ministry of Research & Technology. l Ministry of Industry & Trade. l State Ministry for Environment. l Custom

48 Computer Network Research Group ITB Government Computerization.. l Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions... l Ministry of Research & Technology. l Ministry of Industry & Trade. l State Ministry for Environment. l Custom IPTEK-NET as major ISP.

49 Computer Network Research Group ITB Government Computerization.. l Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions... l Ministry of Research & Technology. l Ministry of Industry & Trade. l State Ministry for Environment. l Custom Industrial - Trade Network (INTRANET) driven by PUSDATA & KIT

50 Computer Network Research Group ITB Government Computerization.. l Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions... l Ministry of Research & Technology. l Ministry of Industry & Trade. l State Ministry for Environment. l Custom driven by BAPEDAL

51 Computer Network Research Group ITB Government Computerization.. l Yes, we do have computerization in government institutions... l Ministry of Research & Technology. l Ministry of Industry & Trade. l State Ministry for Environment. l Custom Electronic Data Interchange

52 Computer Network Research Group ITB NUSANTARA-21 l National Information Infrastructure. l Lead by Pak Parapak. l Mailing List at: – l open mailing list & subscribed via

53 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network l Lead Earlier by PUSILKOM University of Indonesia (UI) - UNINET - early ‘80. l Early ‘90 - lead by IPTEK-NET - 64Kbps. (Ministry of Research & Tech). l Bottom Up Development Lead By LAPAN & ITB - Packet Radio Network. l 1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Gateway for Education & Research Community.

54 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network

55 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network IPTEK-NET One of The Major Gateway at 256Kbps

56 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network University of Indonesia the Early UUCP Gateway Still Running Its UUCP service

57 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network Packet Radio Network at 1200bps, 9600bps & Now Moving To WaveLAN Tech. 2Mbps

58 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network More Reliable Connection Between IPTEK-NET Gateway & ITB Gateway is being initiated at 128Kbps

59 Computer Network Research Group ITB Education & Research Network 1996, ITB Runs A 2Mbps Intenet Gateway

60 Computer Network Research Group ITB A Glimpse on AI3 Initiatives

61 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) l The First Asia Pacific Backbone for Education & Research at 2Mbps. l ITB is the gateway in Indonesia for Education & Research Purposes. l Ku-Band Ground Station Has Been Installed to Catch JCSAT-3 (128E).

62 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) l Multicast Backbone (MBONE) l Caching of Web Traffic. l IP Version 6 (the Next Generation) l Real Time Backbone. l Dynamic Configuration & Routing. l Many Multimedia Traffic. –Video On Demand, Multimedia on Demand & Video Teleconferences.

63 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) l Multicast Backbone (MBONE) l IP Version 6 (the Next Generation) l Real Time Backbone. l Dynamic Configuration & Routing. l Many Multimedia Traffic. –Video On Demand. –Multimedia on Demand. –Video Teleconferences. Major Application Will Be Virtual University - Initiated By United Nation University, Tokyo, Japan Others also very much welcome.

64 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

65 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Major Hub in Nara, Japan into WIDE Project

66 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Asia Pacific Partners, Indonesia, Thailand, Hongkong, Malaysia, Singapore, VietNam, Cambodia, Phillipines, Korea & Japan

67 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) There is effort to deploy Advanced Asia Pacific Internet Backbone Running at 155Mbps...

68 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

69 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) 2Mbps Clear Channel Direct Link to Nara, Japan

70 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) Other Universities Can Reach The AI3 Gateway by Renting VSAT TDMA Ground Station Running at 64Kbps

71 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) US$ 1500 / Month for VSAT TDMA Means Less Then Rp (US$ 0.5) Per Student Per Month For 24 Hour Internet Access

72 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) For those who feel Rp. 1000/ Month still expensive, the technology permits them to share the cost with surrounding universities via WaveLAN 2Mbps connection.

73 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Recommendations l Internet Exchange. l Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. l Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway.

74 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Recommendations l Internet Exchange. l Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. l Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway. HRD Will Be The Key To Future Development of Indonesia’s Internet....

75 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Recommendations l Internet Exchange. l Neutral National Backbone - candidates are PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia and major satellite operators. l Human Resource Development - candidates are IPTEK-NET & ITB/AI3 Gateway. Internet is build on Educated People It Is Difficult To Find Those With No Education

76 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia.

77 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. More Than 1,5 Million Potential Internet Users.

78 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. l More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia.

79 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. l More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. Could Be Another 2-3 Million Potential Internet Users.

80 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. l More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. l A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is actually in Indonesia :-)..

81 Computer Network Research Group ITB Human Resource Development l 75 State Universities all over Indonesia. l More than 1200 private universities in Indonesia. l A Total of 5 Million Potential Internet Users is actually in Indonesia :-).. 10% internet users worldwide could be in Indonesia! If We can only integrate all Indonesian Universities.

82 Computer Network Research Group ITB 5 Million Indonesian In Internet Is Not At All Impossible! In Fact, It Is A Business Opportunity.

83 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed.

84 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. Assuming 50 PC / University (which is a very conservative number)

85 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. A Business In The Range of US$ Million!

86 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. l Deploying VSAT TDMA Ground Stations.

87 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. l Deploying VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. US$ / Month - It Should Be A Business By Itself.

88 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. l Deploying VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. l Not to mention after the students completed their program....

89 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Spin Off l More Than 50,000 PCs are needed. l Deploying VSAT TDMA Ground Stations. l Not to mention after the students completed their program.... We Will Definitely See “New Middle Class” Movement Using IT Heavily...

90 Computer Network Research Group ITB Major Challenges... l Universities cannot be pushed / forced to participate. l Not many expert on TCP/IP & networking within each university. l It will be a tight & yearly program to build the community within each university - to sustain such technology.

91 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary... l Yes,

92 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary... l Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia.

93 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary... l Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia. l Human Resource Development is the real issue.

94 Computer Network Research Group ITB Summary... l Yes, Internet is alive and well in Indonesia. l Human Resource Development is the real issue. l 5 Million Indonesian in Internet....

95 Computer Network Research Group ITB

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