Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION Throughout the course of life, being homeless is an issue that can affect any individual at any given time without warning or notice. In today’s."— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCTION Throughout the course of life, being homeless is an issue that can affect any individual at any given time without warning or notice. In today’s society it has turned out to be a pattern for individuals to become homeless as well as parents at younger ages. However, with the rapid growth of technology and advanced society it is not what one does to get into this situation but how they are able to maintain while they are in it. Homeless, Homeless Person, Homeless Individual According to the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act As amended by S. 896 The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009 the general term homeless is defined as: an individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence; an individual or family with a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings, an individual or family living in a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter designated to provide temporary living arrangements (including hotels and motels paid for by Federal, State, or local government programs for low-income individuals or by charitable organizations, congregate shelters, and transitional housing); an individual who resided in a shelter or place not meant for human habitation and who is exiting an institution where he or she temporarily resided; an individual or family who— (A) will imminently lose their housing, including housing they own, rent, or live in without paying rent, are sharing with others, and rooms in hotels or motels not paid for by Federal, State, or local government programs for low-income individuals or by charitable organizations, as evidenced by— Teenage/Youth Parenting According to the Bureau of Vital Statistics, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene study of Pregnancy Outcomes 2010, the Bronx has the highest percent and rate of teenage pregnancy throughout the five boroughs of New York City (Gambatese, Kelley, Kennedy, Wenhui, Madsen, Maduro, Rossi, Sun & Sinclair, 2011 ). Therefore, there is an urgent need to deal with the dilemma of a rapidly growing trend within the Bronx Community. Youth are parenting at a more frequent rate, in addition, countless numbers of them are homeless or at risk of being homeless with their children During the late 1980s and throughout the1990s there was a major concern about the issue of youth being homeless and youth being pregnant Current research linking the two issues together within New York City has been limited, as many times they coincide unintentionally and unseen This information was retrieved from: U.S. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Statistical Analysis and Reporting and Quality Improvement Units. (2011). Summary of vital statistics 2010 the city of New York pregnancy outcomes. http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/vs/vs-pregnancy-outcomes-report2010.pdf Percent & Rate of Live Teen Births NYC 2010 METHOD Participants 5 Female youth between the ages of 19 and 22 years old Measures A Cross-Sectional Survey was completed with pregnant or parenting teens who reside within different areas of the Bronx County Subjects were interviewed through quantitative and qualitative measures The Data was collected through telephone interviews PARTICIPANT Age # of Children Currently Pregnant Currently on Birth Control Currently employed Employed PT/FT Completed High School Receive Supplemental Assistance Married/Single Relationship Currently Homeless Looking for Stable Housing Enrolled in Social Services Program Does Community Have Youth Programs Willing to Participate in Life Management Program Acquaintances pregnant/parenting Respondent 1 (Huntspoint) 191NN N NAY R YYN NY 10 Respondent 2 (Morrisania) 211NNYPTNFS/MASNYNNY 12 Respondent 3 (Fordham) 191NNYPTNPA/MASYYNNY 15 Respondent 4 (Morris Park) 191YNYPTNPA/MARYYNNY 8 Respondent 5 (Wakefield) 221NNYPTYMASNYNNY 20 RESULTS According to US Bureau of Vital Statistics Figure 1 shows that the Bronx has the highest percent and pregnancy rate within the five boroughs of NYC Figure 2 represents the cross-longitudinal study that was conducted and indicated that youth are not aware of local youth programs All of the youth interviewed were not currently on birth control and 40% of them were in relationships 80% of the youth were employed but the entire 80% was only employed on a part-time basis 40% of the participants completed High School 60% of the participants are currently homeless, while the entire group were looking for more stable housing All of the youth stated that they did not know of any youth programs within their community but they all exhibited an interest in joining one Each of the participants combined had a total of 65 acquaintances (youth) who were pregnant or parenting Figure 2: Cross-Longitudinal Study This chart consists of data collected from participants at the time of their interview. CONCLUSION Overall, the results of this study show that on a small scale many pregnant and parenting teens can relate to being an early parent and being homeless. Many of these youth are not being properly exposed to life management programs within their community. All of the youth showed an interest in attending youth programs which would assist them with proper life management skills such as education, housing, parenting and employment. To conclude, it is clearly evident that if pregnant and parenting teenagers within the Bronx County are exposed to more Preventive Community Based Social Services programs, it is more likely to counterattack homelessness and early pregnancy while benefitting the community as a whole.