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Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance

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1 Kentucky Beef Quality Assurance

2

3 What is Beef Quality Assurance?
“BQA is a process of figuring out what could go wrong, planning to avoid it – then validating and documenting what you have done. BQA is just part of good business,” Dee Griffin, DVM, associate professor at the University of Nebraska’s Great Plains Veterinary Education Center.

4 What Does “Quality” Stand for In Beef Quality Assurance?
“Up until a few years ago, 25% or 1 out of every 4 people ordering beef at a restaurant had an unpleasant eating experience.” Quality means wholesome and safe, but it also means providing a product to the consumer that delivers a desirable eating experience. 1

5 What is Certification? Process by which producers accept responsibility for actions under which cattle in our production unit were produced. Process allowing the beef industry to maintain its independence from regulatory agencies. 5

6 What is BQA? Based on recommended national guidelines and scientific research to meet the demands of today’s consumer BQA Focuses on… Care and Husbandry Practices Feedstuffs Feed Additives and Medications Injectable Animal Health Products Processing, Treatment and Record-Keeping 19

7 History of BQA 1970’s -Originally called Beef Safety Assurance.
In 1982 USDA-FSIS began working on the Pre-harvest Beef Safety Production Program. By the mid to late 80’s the beef industry adopted the term Beef Quality Assurance began regulating themselves to avoid additional government regulation. KY-BQA program began in 2000 More Than 30 Years of Beef Quality Assurance… Providing a Safe, Wholesome and Healthy Beef Supply

8 National BQA Audit 2011 Challenges 1995 Challenges 2011 External Fat
Seam Fat Overall Palatability Tenderness Overall Cutability Marbling Challenges 2011 Food Safety Eating Satisfaction How/Where Cattle Raised Lean, Fat, Bone Weight and Size Cattle Genetics

9 Producer Findings Healthy Cattle Equal Quality. To cattle producers, quality equals “raising healthy cattle and calves” and “producing safe and wholesome beef.” 90% of producers have a working relationship with their veterinarian.   Though 95% had some level of routine vaccination and treatment protocols, only 31% had a written plan.  Greater emphasis must be placed on documentation. Injection Site Improvements. However, improvement is still needed, 41% of dairy producers still giving injections in the animal’s rump. Low‐Stress Handling Is a Priority.  Use of good stockmanship and animal‐handling skills is the producer’s #1 method of intentionally influencing quality.  Ninety‐eight percent do not use an electric prod as their primary driving tool. Identification and Traceability.  Seventy‐eight percent of respondents used individual animal ID (ear tag) as a means to keep track of withdrawal times for animal health products.

10 Why Should You Become Certified?
Records allow for better business decisions Eliminate carcass defects Consumer confidence in meat and milk quality is vital to beef and dairy producers We no longer just raise cattle, we are in the business of producing safe food!

11 BQA Program Elements Classroom or Chute-Side Training
Pass KY-BQA Post Test Sign Production Contract $5 Fee for to maintain database, create materials, etc.

12 Other Resources Dairy BQA Transporter BQA Auction Market BQA
On-farm Assessments 12

13 The BQA Mission To maximize consumer confidence and acceptance of beef by focusing the producers’ attention to daily production practices that influence the safety, wholesomeness and quality of beef and beef products The national BQA mission is ____ This will help us retain or increase our market share

14 BQA Programs are driven by:
Producers Government Consumers – they purchase what they trust “Quality Assurance is everyone’s job, our future depends upon it ... and there are not most valuable players.” It is every producer’s obligation to utilize management and judgment that ultimately lead to a positive eating experience for the consumer. Producers are the basis without them BQA would not be possible, Government provides inspections at slaughter and education through extension, we are all consumers!! 2

15 BQA National Guidelines
Care and Husbandry Practices Feedstuffs Feed Additives and Medications Processing, Treatment and Record-Keeping Injectable Animal Health Products

16 Employee Training and Education
Never assume that someone can properly handle cattle or use the proper techniques Ongoing producer and worker education should be part of any management plan Extension personnel can provide you with educational opportunities One common deficiency is that part-time help employed to work cattle, apply chemicals, feed, etc. are not trained in BQA principles. You need to teach them the basic aspects we are covering here, perhaps require that they read the manual when they first come to work, or go over it with them. Putting an inexperienced operator at the controls of the head gate, or in the lead up pen with a stick without explaining to them how you expect them to work, or tolerating a part-time cattle helper that has experience but that violates the principles of BQA is not acceptable.

17 Care and Husbandry Practices
Handle/transport all cattle in such a fashion to minimize stress, injury and bruising Regularly inspect facilities to help ensure proper care and ease of handling Keep feed & water handling equipment clean Provide appropriate nutritional and feedstuffs management Maintain an environment appropriate to the production setting Evaluating and enforce biosecurity Keep records for a minimum of 2 years or longer as requirement by laws/regulations (ie. 3 years for Restricted Use Pesticides)

18 Cattle Behavior Sort cows from calves
Cattle have wide-angle vision – use solid sides Eliminate shadows to prevent cattle from entering an area Cattle move toward the light as long as it is not glaring Minimize loud noises

19 Cattle Behavior Use animal's natural tendencies:
Cattle follow each other and have a natural tendency to circle Use curved chutes Flight Zone (aka personal space) and Point of Balance Use to move cattle Source:http://www.grandin.com/behaviour/principles/flight.zone.html

20 Tips for More Efficient Handling
Design and operate alleys and gates to avoid impeding cattle movement Work cattle in groups Call cattle rather than drive them Use one-way gates Avoid slippery surfaces Quiet handling is essential

21 Stock Trailer BQA Loading/ Unloading Equipment selection
Low stress handling Sorting Equipment selection Truck and Trailer Floor space Use proper facilities for loading cattle Gates When loading cattle onto the trailer care should be taken to move the cattle slowly and quietly. Use low stress handling techniques when moving, loading and unloading cattle Avoid using electric prods and aggressive use of canes, whips and sorting sticks. This will minimize stress, help prevent the animals from getting excited and lessen the degree of shrink. Minimize the height that cattle must step onto the trailer by backing the trailer into a slope Load cattle at the edge of the operation to help support the biosecurity plan and minimize introduction of health problems Allow the cattle to establish a flow onto the trailer. This will reduce a lot of the stress. Sort cattle into groups based on size, sex and horns. Load different groups into separate compartments Load heavier cattle towards the front of the trailer Bulls that have not been together should be loaded into separate compartments Separate cattle that are purchased from separate sources or different groups. This will prevent them from trying to establish a new social order on the trailer. Do not overload the truck and trailer. Check the truck’s GVWR to ensure it can handle the load to be pulled safely. Use the loading density charts (tables 1 and 2) to ensure that there is adequate floor space per head to minimize stress, bruising, injury and possible death losses Take care when opening and closing gates. If the cattle are overloaded there can be a great deal of tension on the gates causing them to spring forward when unlatched. Similarly cattle can hit the gates causing them to spring forward. 21

22 Stock Trailer BQA Maintenance
Keep in good condition with all repairs made. Tires Wheels Wires and Lights Brakes Floor Clean out Check tires for air pressure, tread wear and dry rot Keep a jack capable of lifting the loaded trailer or a block and spare tire in an easy to get too location Wheels should be maintained and greased according to manufacturer Make sure wires and lights as working before hauling cattle. Lights let people see you Make sure your brakes are in good working order – check your brake box Inspect the trailer floor and repair/replace as needed. wooden trailer floor less than ten years; if the trailer is not cleaned out on a regular basis the life expectancy is probably less. Any trailer used to haul cattle should have a non-slip floor. Options include wire cattle panel or a rubber mat If wire cattle panels are used, make sure the panels are securely held down by using ample staples to hold them in place. Clean the trailer after each use. Cleaning the trailer will help prevent injuries from slipping. Cleaning will assist in biosecurity and help prevent the spread of disease. 22

23 Stock Trailer BQA Be sure tires are in good condition
Check age of tires Check heels Check bearings Be sure a jack is available & accessible ____ ____ Week Year Tires on stock trailers must be checked to insure they can safely transport the load. The last four digits on the DOT number on the tire shows the week and year of manufacture. Tires over five years of age should be replaced. Periodically check the wheels and bearings. Be sure that a jack is available for use in changing a tire and that it is readily available. Driving Considerations Defensive driving is highly encouraged Plan your route 23

24 Remember When Transporting Cattle
Before cattle leave the farm --Evaluate them for illness and severe lameness ---Do not sell cattle with Cancer eye Downers Debilitated thin cows Cattle which are sick Cattle with antibiotic residues DO NOT LOAD animals that are borderline non-ambulatory or downer animals, severely lame or sick 24

25 Remember When Transporting Cattle
Allow for adequate room for cattle on the truck or trailer Transport cattle during the cooler parts of the day– especially during summer or during times with elevated temperatures/humidity To prevent cattle from failing, avoid sudden starts/stops and sharp turns Schedule loading and unloading times to minimize the amount of time on trailer

26 Transporting Cattle Do not overcrowd cattle on trailers
Decrease number of head during hot conditions Trailer Size Cattle Weight, lbs Total Weight 400 800 1200 1600 16 ft x 6 ft 18 9 6 4 < 7115 20 ft X 7 ft 26 13 < 10,370 24 ft X 7 ft 31 16 10 8 < 12,445

27 Non-Ambulatory Animals
Disabled or downer animals are not allowed in the food chain and SHOULD NOT be transported to the livestock marketing or harvest facility Non-ambulatory cattle should be provided shade, water and feed, and housed in an area that provides good footing Determining prognosis- Work with your veterinarian More favorable prognosis when animal can sit upright and is eating and drinking– If not consider euthanizing animal 12

28 If the prognosis is unfavorable or the animal has not responded to veterinary care, it should be humanely euthanized.

29 Feedstuffs Maintain records of pesticides on pasture or crops
Create quality control program for incoming feedstuffs Analyze suspect feedstuffs prior to use Do not feed ruminant-derived protein sources per FDA Support feeding of by-product/co-product ingredients with sound science 14

30 Practice Good Feed Room Hygiene
Don’t store agrochemicals, fertilizers and other non-feed items in the feed room Keep feed dry and free from mold Rotate inventory to keep feed fresh Be very cautious with rodenticides Do not use pesticide containers to store feed or feed cattle Don’t ever feed floor sweepings to cattle Keeping a clean feed room, or an area in the barn devoted only to feed storage is important. We need to do whatever we can to maintain quality of the feed we buy and to prevent possible chemical contamination of the feed. 17 30

31 Feed Additives and Medications
Use only FDA-approved medicated feed additives in ration Use FDA current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) Extra-label use of feed additives is prohibited Keep records for at least 2 years Assure all additives are withdrawn at proper time Strictly adhere to medication withdrawal times to avoid violative residues 18

32 Feed Additives and Medications
What falls into the feed additives and medications Ionophores – Rumensin and Bovatec Antibiotics – Aureomycin Usually in purchased feeds You must have a permit to mix the most concentrated forms 32

33 Feed Additives and Medications
Monitor every withdrawal time to avoid residues Identify treated individuals or groups 33

34 Feed Storage and Handling
Store and handle feeds to prevent contamination of feeds and to insure safety of beef and milk products produced Decrease moisture Birds and rodents Clean feeding area and water supply Feed using clean equipment--I.E. To prevent Johne’s Disease– wash tractor tires, buckets, etc after handling manure and before feeding cattle You, the producer, are responsible for making sure all feeds are of the highest quality and are residue free. Feeds should be stored to prevent contamination. Do not allow moisture, birds or rodents contact with the feed supply. Cattle should be fed and watered from clean tanks and feedbunks. In addition, separate equipment for feeding and manure handling is important to prevent the spread of diseases, such as Johne’s disease and other diseases spread through manure contamination. If the same equipment is used, be sure to wash tractor tires after handling manure. 34

35 Injectable Animal Health Products
Always follow label requirements Products labeled for subcutaneous (SQ) administration should preferably be administered in the neck region Products cleared for SQ, Intravenous (IV), Intranasal (IN) or oral administration are recommended Products with low dosage rates are recommended and proper spacing of injections should be followed All products labeled for intramuscular use shall be given in the neck region only (no exceptions, regardless of age) All products can cause tissue damage when injected IM. Therefore all IM use should be avoided if possible. No more than 10 cc of product is administered per IM injection site

36 Judiciously Use Antibiotics
Select and use antibiotics carefully Use laboratory results to select antibiotics Avoid antibiotics important for humans as first line therapy Limit antibiotic use to sick or “high risk” animals Avoid combination therapy unless evidence to support decision Sub-therapeutic antibiotic use is discouraged An emphasis is being placed on judicious use of antibiotics. 9 36

37 Veterinarian Consultation
At a minimum invite your Veterinarian to your farm or livestock operation on an annual basis Establishes valid Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR) Vet better understand your production management & goals Better assist you in making recommendations Confidence that you’ll follow prescription labels Diagnosis of disease challenges can be quicker

38 Product Selection Use Only Animal Health Products Approved for Cattle Production Not all injectables are the same, reference should be given to products that Use a lower dosage Recommend SQ administration Are less reactive once applied Emphasize that you should only inject 10 mL (cc) into one site 38

39 Injection Site Management
Since the first National Beef Quality Audit the incidence of injection site lesions has decreased from 22.3% (1991) to less than 3% (2000) Only a small percent of producers have become BQA certified, but we have made considerable progress in reducing injection site lesions for high value cuts. But they still occur this picture was taken less than 5 years ago by an extension specialist that cooked the meat. 39

40 Injection site lesions
Blemish Caused by IM Injection too Close to Shoulder By giving injections in the neck we are not eliminating injection site lesions. We have simply moved them to a lower value cut. We need to make sure that IM injections are as far forward in the neck as possible to avoid injection site lesions The problem is being found in approximately 15 to 20% of steaks cut from the front of the Chuck Roll (NAMP 115). 40

41 Injection Site Lesions
Decrease tenderness up to 3 inches from lesions Result of an injection such as clostridial bacterins, antibiotics, and vitamins administered IM Most lesions are scar tissue, but sometimes are active abscesses Contaminated needles and syringes contribute to the problem The result of an injection site lesion is not just the visible portion it affects significant portions of the cut. We need to reduce the number of injections given IM and use SubQ if approved. Cattle buyers like to see the golf ball size knots on the neck---they know that the animal has been treated! Making sure that needles and syringes are clean is a simple way to help prevent the problem 41

42 Caution- Human Safety Concerns
Wear protective clothing/gloves when handling chemicals Prostaglandin products (Lutalyse, Estrumate) should not be handled by pregnant women; this product can be absorbed through the skin Micotil injections should use one handed technique; if self-injected it will likely cause death in humans

43 Before Using a Drug Read the label Record Serial & Lot Numbers
Label includes the sheet that is inside the box with the product, not just what is on the bottle label or box. Warning for withdrawal time noted, recorded Record Serial & Lot Numbers Needed for product failure, reporting adverse reaction, etc… Record Expiration Date Need to follow the instructions! It is illegal if you don’t! Emphasize that the label extends to the paper inside the box with the product. Few realize that this is officially part of the label. 43

44 Example of Package Insert Information
This is a label of an OTC drug Review parts of the label (next slides have enlarged views) It can be just as illegal if you use it in any way other than what the label states You are breaking the law if you use it in any other way! 13 44

45 Drug Classes Over the Counter (OTC) Prescription Feed additives

46 Over-the-Counter (OTC)
Products you can purchase online, at local farm store, etc… Must be used in accordance to the label unless you have a written prescription Examples: LA200, Penicillin

47 Prescription Drugs MUST have a valid Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR) Require a prescription to obtain Use the correct product for the disorder BQA encourages Judicious use of Antimicrobials

48 Extra Label Drug Use (ELDU)
“Off-Label” use Veterinarian may decide to use either an OTC or Prescription Drug differently than as labeled Examples may include different dosage, different route of administration, different purpose MUST have a written prescription from the Vet and MUST have appropriate Withdrawal Time Established by the Vet – Often longer Withdrawal Time CAN NOT prescribe use of FEED ADDITIVES different from the label – Not Even a Vet 6

49 Example of Label for Extra – Label Drug Use
This is a recommended label that could be adhered to a drug used in an Extra-label drug use. 49

50 Properly Handling Vaccines
Practice good sanitation Separate needles should be used for filling the syringes and injecting the animals Do not draw from a bottle with a needle that was in an animal – Get a new needle Do not remove the needle from the syringe leaving the needle in the bottle Transfer Needle Springer Magrath Co. “Great tool for transferring diluent to vaccine on modified live vaccines. Stick transfer needle in sterile diluent first then stick in vaccine. Vacuum on vaccine will transfer over the diluent.” $1.08 (does not come with a container) MGRMTN    $ 2.00 50

51 MLV Vaccine Care Reconstitute only what is used in 1 hr
Use a transfer needle Do not shake, but swirl to mix Reconstituted vaccines should not be stored for use on another day, not effective

52 Properly Handling Vaccines
Keep them cool during transport, use cooler or insulated bag with cold pack Do not put them on the dash of the truck Put them in the back of the refrigerator, not the door Have a Cooler and cold packs for use at the chute Avoid freezing the product as well

53 Does Your Refrigerator Keep Vaccines at the Proper Temperature?
In a recent study over 50% of on farm refrigerators surveyed did not maintain the needed temperature(35 to 45F) more than 35% of the time Univ. of Arkansas 2009 53

54 Selecting Appropriate Needle
Gauge- diameter of needle 14 to 20 gauge depending on animal size, route of administration, & product Large enough to protect against breakage Large enough to handle the characteristics of the product No larger than necessary Selecting needle involves both the diameter of the needle or gauge and the length of the needle. Smaller diameter needles or larger gauge should be used on smaller animals and water-based products. Smaller gauge needles or larger diameter should be used for more viscous or thick products (ie. LA 200). 5 & 10 54

55 Selecting Appropriate Needle
Length ¾” to 1 ½” will suffice in most cases Shorter needle for subcutaneous injections ¾” to 1 inch Longer needle for intramuscular (IM) 1” for calves & 1 ½” for cows or bulls Intravenous 1 ½” Important that for subcutaneous injections needles are 5/8” up to ¾” to avoid damage muscles directly under skin For intramuscular injections (IM), needle lengths do not need to be longer than 1 ½” Though often not discussed, Intravenous (IV) injection is of importance currently with respect to Banamine (Flunixin meglumine). For cattle, the only approved label route of administration is IV. Seeing increase in carcass residues likely due to improper route of administration and proper extended withdrawal times due to changing route of adminstering product. 55

56 Animal Size (lb) <300 300-700 >700 Needle Gauge
Table 2-1. Determining proper needle gauge based on the route of administration, animal size, and viscosity1 of fluid. Fluid Viscosity1 SQ Injection (¾ to 1 inch long needle) IM Injection (1 to 1½ inch long needle) IV Injection (1½ inch long needle) Animal Size (lb) <300 >700 Needle Gauge Thin 18 18-16 16 20-18 16-14 Thick Select the needle to fit the cattle size (the smallest practical size without bending). 1 An example of a thin viscosity fluid: saline; thick: oxytetracycline Need to tell them that this is a good table they can use to determine what size needle to use. It is in the back of the BQA manual 16 and 18 gauge are the most common choices 56

57 Avoid Breaking Needle Properly restrain the animal
Avoid plastic hubs, select aluminum to minimize risk of breaking IF you break off a needle in an animal, MUST retrieve it OR eliminate the animal from entering food / rendering channels Key to reducing the risk of breaking off a needle in an animal is to PROPERLY RESTRAIN the animals Avoid cheaper plastic hubs as they are more likely to break than aluminum or stainless steel IMPORTANT if a needle breaks off in an animal, MUST retrieve it or prevent the animal from entering the human food chain or the rendering process 15 57

58 Change Needles—IF…. Bends
Contacts manure, dirt or irritating chemicals Needle point becomes burred (dropped syringe, hit chute, etc…) Becomes dull or contaminated (every 1 to 15 head) Between cattle with known blood-borne infectious disease (anaplasmosis, leukosis) 58

59 Proper Use of Syringes Disposable syringes are recommended over multi-dose syringes Remove air from syringe after drawing Sterilize syringes and needles properly Boil Do Not Use Disinfectants in or on syringes/needles for vaccine or medicine injections Must boil your syringes and reusable needles to sterilize them! Only way! If you use a disinfectant (alcohol, etc.) then it can kill your vaccine if using a Modified Live vaccine. Even if you dry them you may have residual disinfectant that can decrease the activity of the vaccine. 11 59

60 Automatic Syringes Genesis Instruments Mini-Cartridge® Automatic Syringe System Recommend 35 ml/cc syringes (red) Disposable barrel eliminates cleaning Veterinary Concepts sells to veterinarians. Edward’s Agri-Sales sells the starter package for the 35cc syringe for $52.95 plus Shipping/handling. Vet Concepts Producers- Edwards Agri-Sales 60

61 General Syringe & Needle Care
Separate syringes for antibiotics & vaccines Label syringes – Keep from drawing vaccine into antibiotic syringe Properly dispose of used needles Sharps Container Hard plastic container (ie. Used laundry detergent container) Do not throw them directly into trash 16

62 Manage Needles And Syringes
Separate needles should be used for filling syringes and injecting animals. Change needles after about 10 injections (depending on biosecurity plan). Replace bent or burred needles. Disposable syringes are recommended instead of multiple-dose syringes. Follow guidelines found on this slide. Some diseases such as Anaplasmosis, Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV), and others can be transmitted through the blood on a needle from one animal to another. 62

63 Do Not Combine Animal Health Products
Use combination products when possible to minimize number of injections. Mixing two different vaccines WILL NOT produce one that will protect against both diseases. Mixing unlike products can destroy the effectiveness of both products. Do not mix vaccines or drugs. Mixing them will usually result in an product that does not do anything or a product that is more reactive with tissues than the originals. If you administer 2 products give them at least 4 inches apart. 63

64 Site Selection CLEAN injection site, Avoid Wet Hides
Never inject any product IM behind the slope of the shoulder use the neck only Choose SQ when product allows Never give more than 10cc of any product in one location, less if product directs Emphasize that you should only inject 10 mL (cc) into one site Emphasize that if product is labeled for Subcu route, this is the route of choice over IM Ensure IM injections are 3-5” in front of slope of shoulder to avoid damaging tender shoulder muscle cuts 7 64

65 Space injections a hand width apart
I.M. & SQ SQ IM Intramuscular SQ Subcutaneous (under skin) Space injections a hand width apart Area for intramuscular and subcutaneous injection sites in neck for BQA. Below the ligament that supports the neck, above the veterbrae of the neck, ahead of the point of the shoulder. Every ordered a “neck steak”? Keep tissue damage in areas of less value, yet still have good efficacy of product. Courtesy of Ohio State University 3 & 4 65

66 Courtesy of Dr. Ron Gill, Texas A&M
This photo shows a chute that allows great access to the proper injection site area. Courtesy of Dr. Ron Gill, Texas A&M 66

67 This slide shows the proper way to give a SubQ injection in the triangle area
Tenting Method Pull up the hide creating a pocket Hold syringe parallel to the hide Use shorter needle 67

68 Practice Good Sanitation
Use boiling water to clean syringes used for MLV. Don’t use disinfectants or soap on inside portion of syringe. Make sure the vaccine site is clean. Avoid injecting into damp or wet cattle or manure covered areas. Be as clean as possible. 11 68

69 Implant Cattle Properly
Properly restrain animals Clean implant needle with disinfectant (tray and moist sponge to lay gun on) Never sacrifice careful implantation technique for speed Sanitation is very important When implanting you need to take your time because if you don’t do it right you are going to be losing money 69

70 This is a diagram of the proper place to put an implant
Between the two ribs 70

71 Biosecurity System of management procedures to prevent or reduce the risk of introducing disease into your operation Directly affects BQA if it poses a public health risk with residues or disease causing pathogens Indirectly if the disease impacts the quality or the subsequent treatment of the disease negatively effects quality Test and quarantine replacements for at least 2 weeks but prefer 4 weeks Disinfect equipment Load and unload at the edge of the farm Be careful when you return from visits to stockyards Be careful when you help neighbors that are having a disease outbreak Control visitors

72 Written Records Transition Slide to Records- MONITOR and record events
You cannot expect anyone to give you more for cattle if you cannot provide information about what you have done. How can you track a problem without records? 72

73 Herd Health Plan A good health plan will decrease the risk of food safety and beef quality defects A year round management calendar is highly recommended Dates for major herd activities Dates for the different vaccinations/treatments Dates for breeding soundness in bulls Keeping a calendar of events for the beef herd is a good way of planning future activities and keeping track of what has already happened. By keeping track of these events on a calendar you can plan them well in advance and have the proper supplies on hand 73

74 Why are treatment Records Important?
Documentation of what was done Written reminder of withdrawal time (and allowable marketing date) Extra-label drug use Residue violations Proof of drugs used Records are the basis for the BQA program. We just can’t count on memory to keep track of when we treated animals and with what. If we are ever asked about what we did to a specific animal we marketed we need to be able to produce records showing what was given when, and if we did something off-label that we need to prove that we did it under the direction of our veterinarian. We also need to be able to pass an animal health record along with that cattle when that is requested like it is in many value-added calf marketing programs. 20 74

75 Record Keeping Keep records for at least 2 years for
Pasture/crop pesticides Feed and drug additives Health processing Individual animal treatment In practice, most problems that would result in us needing to show our records would occur within one year. However, in some cases it might be longer, and it will also be useful to be able to look back at your own records for reference. The time for keeping all records for the NC-BQA program is three years. After that time, records can be discarded or archived. 8 75

76 Treatment records Individual and group treatment records should include Animal ID (or group identification if group processing) Treatment type Treatment date Treatment dose Prescribed withdrawal time Product used with serial/lot number and expiration date Route of administration Location of injections Name of person administering treatment All this needs to be recorded each time we process animals, or do an individual animal treatment. 76

77 Feed Records Keep a label on each lot of bagged feed
On bulk commercial feeds ask for invoices including Date Amount Lot/Batch number Signatures of person delivering and receiving the feed On bulk commodities keep source information Each time you get bagged feed you should keep a label for your records. If you buy small quantities frequently this may not be practical, but it is still a good idea to do it. When you get bulk commercial feeds you need to keep a delivery record. When you get bulk commodities you need to know who the broker was or where they came from. This information will generally be on the bill. 77

78 Processing/Treatment and Records
All cattle (fed and beef or dairy market cows/bulls) shipped to harvest will be checked by appropriate personnel to ensure that animals that have been treated have met label or prescription withdrawal times for all animal health products administrated All processing and treatment records should be transferred with the cattle to next production level. Prospective buyers must be informed of any cattle that have not met withdrawal times

79 Written Records on “Paper” which are kept for at least 2 years

80 Read and follow the label!
KY-BQA Read and follow the label! Use common sense and do things right! Questions? The two most important things to remember about the program! One is you should always read and follow the label. The only time off-label use is allowed is with drugs under the direction of a veterinarian. The other is that most things about BQA are simply common sense. We just need to take the time to do things right.


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