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Pork Checkoff National Pork Board.  Food Safety  Animal Well-Being.

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Presentation on theme: "Pork Checkoff National Pork Board.  Food Safety  Animal Well-Being."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pork Checkoff National Pork Board

2  Food Safety  Animal Well-Being

3  Certification for Individuals  Site Status for Sites(farms)  Third-Party Verification Process

4 ◦ Produce safe food ◦ Protect and promote animal well-being ◦ Ensure practices to protect public health ◦ Safeguard natural resources ◦ Provide a work environment that is safe ◦ Contribute to a better quality of life in our communities


6  Objective: Establish and implement an efficient and effective herd health management ◦ Regular herd evaluations by a veterinarian ◦ Biosecurity ◦ Rodent & Pest control ◦ Cleaning & Disinfecting Procedures

7  Objective: Use an appropriate veterinarian/client/patient relationship (VCPR) as the basis for medication decision-making.  Veterinary/Client/Patient Relationship –  Veterinarian has assumed responsibility for making medical judgments  Owner or other caretaker agrees to follow the instructions of the veterinarian  VCPR only exists when a veterinarian has recently seen and is personally acquainted with the keeping and care of the animal(s)

8  Approved animal drug categories:  Over-the-Counter (OTC)  Prescription (Rx)  Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD)  Only when a VCPR exists - FDA approved drugs can legally be used in food-producing animals in a way other than directed on the label  Extra label use is prohibited in medicated feeds  According to FDA, VFD records must be kept for 2 years

9  Objective: Use Antibiotics Responsibly  Pork producers use antibiotics for three purposes:  Treatment  Prevention  Nutritional Efficiency ◦ Principles and guidelines for responsible antibiotic use:  Take appropriate steps to decrease need  Assess the advantages and disadvantages of all uses  Use only when they provide measurable benefits  Use professional veterinary input  Used for treatment only when there is an appropriate clinical diagnosis  Treat the fewest animals indicated  Use only after careful review and reasonable justification  Minimize environmental exposure

10  Objective: Identify, track, and maintain medication and treatment records for all treated animals  Records on treated animals should be maintained for these purposes:  Food safety  Regulatory  Management  There are various tools and methods of identifying treated pigs and groups of pigs.  The FDA has developed minimum requirements expected of producers while maintaining medication and treatment records. ◦ Written record should be kept on file for one year after the hogs have been marketed.

11  Objective: Adhere to medication withdrawal times.  Withdrawal time - period required for the medication to be metabolized, broken-down, or excreted so that the level remaining in the body of the animal is below the level established as safe for humans  Other countries may require withdrawal times different than the United States for some products

12  Objective: Properly store, label, and account for all drug products and medicated feeds.  Drug labels contain the following information:  Trade name  Active ingredient  Indications  Dosage and directions for use  Precautions  Cautions  Warnings –withdrawal times  Manufacturer’s lot number  Expiration date ◦ Always read and follow storage instructions on the label, tag, or insert.

13  Objective: Use proper administration techniques, needle-use procedures, observance of withdrawal times and methods to avoid marketing adulterated products for human food.  Medications are commonly administered to pigs in three ways:  Orally  Topically  Injectable  In the muscle (Intramuscular - IM)  Under the skin (Subcutaneous – SQ)  In the nasal passages (Intranasal – IN)  In the abdominal cavity (Intraperitoneal – IP)  In the vein (Intravenous – IV)  Never straighten a bent needle  Dispose of sharps correctly

14  Objective: Follow appropriate on-farm feed and commercial feed processor procedures.  To prevent feed contamination current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) outline standards for:  Manufacturing facilities  Ingredients  Manufacturing processes  Monitoring  Labeling  Recordkeeping

15  Objective: Develop, implement and document an animal caretaker training program.  All animal caretakers must be properly trained  The PTSDR method may be used to train others and consists of five steps: 1) Prepare 2) Tell 3) Show 4) Do 5) Review  Training must be documented

16  Objective: Provide proper swine care to improve swine well-being  Recordkeeping includes keeping records of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR), medication and treatment of animals, and of a caretaker training program  Willful acts of neglect or abuse are unacceptable

17  It is also very important to have:  A written emergency action plan and an emergency backup system  Daily observation of animals and facilities  Appropriate animal evaluation  Evaluation of body condition scores (BCS)  Adequate pig space  A written plan for euthanasia, and euthanasia performed in a timely manner  Proper facility maintenance and management  Correct use of animal handling tools and handling practices  Adequate ventilation

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