Certification for Individuals Site Status for Sites(farms) Third-Party Verification Process
◦ Produce safe food ◦ Protect and promote animal well-being ◦ Ensure practices to protect public health ◦ Safeguard natural resources ◦ Provide a work environment that is safe ◦ Contribute to a better quality of life in our communities
Objective: Establish and implement an efficient and effective herd health management ◦ Regular herd evaluations by a veterinarian ◦ Biosecurity ◦ Rodent & Pest control ◦ Cleaning & Disinfecting Procedures
Objective: Use an appropriate veterinarian/client/patient relationship (VCPR) as the basis for medication decision-making. Veterinary/Client/Patient Relationship – Veterinarian has assumed responsibility for making medical judgments Owner or other caretaker agrees to follow the instructions of the veterinarian VCPR only exists when a veterinarian has recently seen and is personally acquainted with the keeping and care of the animal(s)
Approved animal drug categories: Over-the-Counter (OTC) Prescription (Rx) Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Only when a VCPR exists - FDA approved drugs can legally be used in food-producing animals in a way other than directed on the label Extra label use is prohibited in medicated feeds According to FDA, VFD records must be kept for 2 years
Objective: Use Antibiotics Responsibly Pork producers use antibiotics for three purposes: Treatment Prevention Nutritional Efficiency ◦ Principles and guidelines for responsible antibiotic use: Take appropriate steps to decrease need Assess the advantages and disadvantages of all uses Use only when they provide measurable benefits Use professional veterinary input Used for treatment only when there is an appropriate clinical diagnosis Treat the fewest animals indicated Use only after careful review and reasonable justification Minimize environmental exposure
Objective: Identify, track, and maintain medication and treatment records for all treated animals Records on treated animals should be maintained for these purposes: Food safety Regulatory Management There are various tools and methods of identifying treated pigs and groups of pigs. The FDA has developed minimum requirements expected of producers while maintaining medication and treatment records. ◦ Written record should be kept on file for one year after the hogs have been marketed.
Objective: Adhere to medication withdrawal times. Withdrawal time - period required for the medication to be metabolized, broken-down, or excreted so that the level remaining in the body of the animal is below the level established as safe for humans Other countries may require withdrawal times different than the United States for some products
Objective: Properly store, label, and account for all drug products and medicated feeds. Drug labels contain the following information: Trade name Active ingredient Indications Dosage and directions for use Precautions Cautions Warnings –withdrawal times Manufacturer’s lot number Expiration date ◦ Always read and follow storage instructions on the label, tag, or insert.
Objective: Use proper administration techniques, needle-use procedures, observance of withdrawal times and methods to avoid marketing adulterated products for human food. Medications are commonly administered to pigs in three ways: Orally Topically Injectable In the muscle (Intramuscular - IM) Under the skin (Subcutaneous – SQ) In the nasal passages (Intranasal – IN) In the abdominal cavity (Intraperitoneal – IP) In the vein (Intravenous – IV) Never straighten a bent needle Dispose of sharps correctly
Objective: Follow appropriate on-farm feed and commercial feed processor procedures. To prevent feed contamination current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs) outline standards for: Manufacturing facilities Ingredients Manufacturing processes Monitoring Labeling Recordkeeping
Objective: Develop, implement and document an animal caretaker training program. All animal caretakers must be properly trained The PTSDR method may be used to train others and consists of five steps: 1) Prepare 2) Tell 3) Show 4) Do 5) Review Training must be documented
Objective: Provide proper swine care to improve swine well-being Recordkeeping includes keeping records of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR), medication and treatment of animals, and of a caretaker training program Willful acts of neglect or abuse are unacceptable
It is also very important to have: A written emergency action plan and an emergency backup system Daily observation of animals and facilities Appropriate animal evaluation Evaluation of body condition scores (BCS) Adequate pig space A written plan for euthanasia, and euthanasia performed in a timely manner Proper facility maintenance and management Correct use of animal handling tools and handling practices Adequate ventilation