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Australia is island, country, and continent Roughly the size of the U.S. It is made up of six states and two territories Plus many island territories.

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Presentation on theme: "Australia is island, country, and continent Roughly the size of the U.S. It is made up of six states and two territories Plus many island territories."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Australia is island, country, and continent Roughly the size of the U.S. It is made up of six states and two territories Plus many island territories in the Indian and Pacific Oceans and they claim territory in Antarctica Most of its population is on the southeastern coast (four reasons why)

3 POPULATION DENSITY MAP WHY? 1. Good River Systems

4 2. Temperate climates/middle latitudes are ideal for agriculture 3. Many of Australia’s deserts are on or near the Tropic of Capricorn Tropic of Capricorn Tropical Rainforest Temperate

5 4. Great Divide Range – forced settlers to stay near the coast until a pass was found

6 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Great Barrier Reef is the largest reef system in the world

7 Ayers Rock (Uluru) and the Olgas are sacred Aboriginal sites The two mountains are actually one solid sandstone rock Ayers Rock is located nearly in the center of Australia The mountain changes color depending on the time of day

8 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OUTBACK – refers to any region outside the urban areas Technically, it is arid and semiarid interior regions AKA – “the Bush”

9 WAVE ROCK

10 NULLARBOR PLAINS 300 feet cliffs What do you think formed these cliffs?

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12 Aborigines refer to the indigenous people that came about 40,000 years ago 1606 Dutch first landed on the western island

13 1770 Captain Cook arrived in Botany Bay and claimed it for the Britain Instead of being hanged prisoners could be transported to prison colonies in Virginia and Maryland. After the U.S. independence the British began “Transporting” prisoners to Australia in 1786 For good behavior a prisoner could be released and given a land grant By 1793 FREE settlers began colonizing

14 ABORIGANESE Mirrors the American Indian culture in many ways Tribal Removal Act Government Reservation lands Many casino are popping up on reservations Similar problem today

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16 SYDNEY OPRA HOUSE SPORTS INCLUDE AUSSIE FOOTBALL CRICKET TENNIS GOLF SURFING RUGBY

17 BEWARE OF SHARKS

18 Translate that phrase? Oz The Big Smoke Willy-Willy Cyclone Up a gum tree Hard yacker dunny In trouble or sticky situation biscuit Tiring work toilet cookie Shark biscuit Australians A city New surfer Idiot Drongo Nipper Kid Swagman Hobo

19 PACIFIC RIM Ring of Fire - The Pacific Islands are primarily formed by volcanic activity Atoll – Island formed when volcanos recede and coral reefs remain Atufu Atoll Molokini Hawaii

20 Polynesia Greek phrase for sub region of Oceania Made up of over a thousand island Largest culture group in the Pacific

21 POLYNESIAN TRIANGLE Ranges from Hawaii in the North New Zealand in the southwest Easter Island to the southeast

22 NEW ZEALAND AUSTRALIA

23 Often called Kiwi’s after a flightless bird Known as the daredevil’s capital Passionate about their Ruby team

24 Two islands North Island – Forest and fertile lowlands Most of the population South Island – larger with many mountains Mount Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand Economy Agriculture and Sheep herding (wool) Movie Industry (Lord of the Rings) Tourism

25 Languages English - from British colonies Maori – from indigenous New Zealanders N.Z. might have spoke Dutch if the Maori hadn’t killed first Dutch explorers Haka – Rugby ritual based on Maori war dance Tattooing was a social status started in Polynesia Chiefs and warriors would have facial tattoos (moko)

26 Mariana Trench – At 36,201 feet or just around 7 miles deepest point on Earth That’s over 6000 feet more than Everest is tall Off the island Guam

27 Easter Island 37 feet tall Not only do we not know why they were built, but we also don’t know how?


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