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Central America COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA Countries of continental Central America and the Caribbean.

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Presentation on theme: "Central America COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA Countries of continental Central America and the Caribbean."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Central America

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4 COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA

5 Countries of continental Central America and the Caribbean

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7 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (_____________) to the equator

8 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator

9 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes:

10 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N

11 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture:

12 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT

13 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean

14 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean – HUMID

15 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean – HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air)

16 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean – HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) Ecosystem:

17 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean – HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) Ecosystem: tropical rainforest (________________)

18 Physical Features of Central America Proximity (closeness) to the equator – Low latitudes: 5 ° N-25 °N – Temperture: VERY HOT Proximity (closeness) to the ocean – HUMID (high amount of water vapor in the air) Ecosystem: tropical rainforest (hot and humid)

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23 History of Central America Ancient Mayans covered the territory of present- day Mexico and Guatemala

24 Tikal in Guatemala

25 ancient Mayan city of Tikal ceremonial and civic center Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soar up out of the jungle canopy. History of Central America

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29 Due to the dense (thick) rainforest, farmers from ancient times through today have used a farming technique called ________________.

30 History of Central America Due to the dense (thick) rainforest, farmers from ancient times through today have used a farming technique called Slash-and-Burn agriculture.

31 Slash and Burn Agriculture A primitive (ancient) farming method that follows the following steps: 1. Chop down an area of rain forest.

32 Slash and Burn Agriculture A primitive (ancient) farming method that follows the following steps: 1.Chop down an area of rain forest. 2.Burn the chopped plants.

33 Slash and Burn Agriculture A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: 1.Chop down an area of rain forest. 2.Burn the chopped plants. 3.The ash fertilizes the soil.

34 Slash and Burn Agriculture A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: 4. Plant crops for a few years in the fertilized soil.

35 Slash and Burn Agriculture A primitive farming method that follows the following steps: 4.Plant crops for a few years in the fertilized soil. 5.Move somewhere else and do it again/repeat the cycle.

36 History of Central America

37 Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly)

38 History of Central America Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) – Exception: Haiti (French)

39 History of Central America Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) – Exception: Haiti (French) Main Language in Central America =

40 History of Central America Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) – Exception: Haiti (French) Main Language in Central America = Spanish

41 History of Central America Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) – Exception: Haiti (French) Main Language in Central America = Spanish The Spanish Language links central America together creating a ___________ region.

42 History of Central America Conquered and Colonized by Europeans (Spanish mostly) – Exception: Haiti (French) Main Language in Central America = Spanish The Spanish Language links Central America together creating a cultural region.

43 History of Central America

44 Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations

45 History of Central America Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations – Main Crops:

46 History of Central America Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations – Main Crops: coffee, cocoa, and sugarcane

47 History of Central America Europeans brought over Africans to work as slaves on the large plantations – Main Crops: coffee, cocoa, and sugarcane The combination of native people, Africans, and Europeans created a unique new culture.

48 Panama Canal A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama.

49 Panama Canal

50 A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama. It was begun in 1904 under President Teddy Roosevelt. It officially opened in 1914.

51 Panama Canal A ship canal that runs through the isthmus of Panama. It was begun in 1904 under President Teddy Roosevelt. It officially opened in (The French tried to dig it first, but failed, losing the lives of about 22,000 workers— mostly to malaria and yellow fever.)

52 Panama Canal How do tropical diseases like malaria and yellow fever spread?

53 Panama Canal MOSQUITOES

54 Panama Canal President Jimmy Carter signed the Panama Canal Treaty in 1977 promising to give control of the canal to the Panamanians by the year 2000

55 Panama Canal

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58 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest

59 Deforestation –

60 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (_________________) or removal of the rainforest

61 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest

62 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by:

63 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest

64 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest – Why is it harmful?

65 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest – Why is it harmful? Running out of natural resources

66 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest – Why is it harmful? Running out of natural resources Running out of habitats for animals

67 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest – Why is it harmful? Running out of natural resources Running out of habitats for animals Contributes to global warming and the greenhouse effect

68 Contemporary Problems in the Rainforest Deforestation – the depletion (serious decrease) or removal of the rainforest – Caused by: slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for people to live, using the natural resources found in the rainforest – Why is it harmful? Running out of natural resources Running out of habitats for animals Contributes to global warming and the greenhouse effect Affects the water cycle

69 Economics in Central America Agriculture Tourism!!!!

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