8The Andes Mountains stretch over 5,000 miles along South America’s west coast. It is the longest continuing mountain range on the earth’s surface.Has the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere.Andes Mountains
21Review QuestionsWhat is significant (important) about the Andes Mountains?What is the source of the Amazon River and where does it flow?What is deforestation?What have been some major causes and effects of deforestation in the rain forest?
22Panama CanalLocated on the Isthmus of Panama, the Panama Canal links the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
23ClimateThe Tropical Zone is located between 23°27’ north and 23°27’ south.This is the area between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
24El NinoA natural weather condition that causes heavy rain and flooding during the Christmas time of year.
28Amazon RainforestThe Amazon is the worlds largest tropical rainforest covering 2.3 million miles.65% of the Amazon is a jungle.35% of the Amazon is made up of grassland.
29The Amazon Rainforest gets nine feet of rain every year (rains almost everyday). 20% of the earth's oxygen is produced by the Amazon Rainforest.The Amazon Rainforest is also known as the "Lungs of our Planet."
30The Amazon is home to 14,712 different species of animals. Over 60,000 different plants are native to the Amazon.4,000 types of trees are grown in the rainforest.
32The rain forest provide food, water, natural rubber, medicinal plants, and other products. ProblemsSoil exhaustion (soil has lost the nutrients)Deforestation
33Who Lives in the Amazon?Hundreds of years ago, many Indians, or indigenous peoples, lived in the Amazon.Most lived along rivers, where canoes made transportation easy.Who else lives there now?ConquistadorsMestizosAboriginesGringos (people from North America and Europe)
35Layers of the Rainforest Emergent's: Top layer. It houses most of the birds and insects.Canopy: Home to many different types of birds, insects, reptiles, mammals, and more. Under story: A cool environment under the leaves which is where you can find many animals.Forest floor: Many animals live here. It is ground level.
36Rainforest Fun FactsThere are two types of rainforests the temperate and the tropical. Tropical rainforests are found close to the equator. Temperate rainforests are found along coasts of the United States. Every second, 1 1/2 acres of land are lost every day because human are destroying and ruining them.Every day, we are losing about 137 different types of plant, animal, and insect species.A medicine man is somebody who believed to heal others by using supernatural powers, especially among Native American people.
37Most medicine men are over the age of 70. When a medicine man passes away, thousands of years of irreplaceable information is lost.More than 10 million species of animals can be found in the rainforest.One hectare of land contains over 1,500 species of plants.The Amazon covers over a billion acres!In the past, there were over 10 million Indians.Today, there are only about 200,000 left.
38Review Questions Where are rainforest located? What percentage of the Amazon in jungle?The Amazon rainforest produces ___% of the worlds Oxygen.What are indigenous people?What are the four layers of the rainforest? What do you find in each one?