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The Civil War In correlation with Virginia’s 6 th Grade Social Studies Standards of Learning By: Katie Tardiff, Speech-Language Clinician Crestwood Elementary.

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Presentation on theme: "The Civil War In correlation with Virginia’s 6 th Grade Social Studies Standards of Learning By: Katie Tardiff, Speech-Language Clinician Crestwood Elementary."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Civil War In correlation with Virginia’s 6 th Grade Social Studies Standards of Learning By: Katie Tardiff, Speech-Language Clinician Crestwood Elementary School

3 TIMELINE The Civil War lasted from 1861 until The southern states wanted to have their own nation and to be free to decide what laws to have. The north did not want the country to be broken apart. The Civil War lasted from 1861 until The southern states wanted to have their own nation and to be free to decide what laws to have. The north did not want the country to be broken apart * South secedes from the Union * Confederate troops attack Ft. Sumter, SC * First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) * President Lincoln writes the Emancipation Proclamation, stating that all slaves should be freed * Battle of Vicksburg * Battle of Gettysburg * General Lee surrenders to General Grant at Appomattox Court House

4 A Nation Divided Life in the Northern and Southern states was different in many ways. These differences often caused conflicts and divided the nation. Life in the Northern and Southern states was different in many ways. These differences often caused conflicts and divided the nation. The Northern States were called Union States, while the Southern States were called Confederate States The Northern States were called Union States, while the Southern States were called Confederate States

5 What Were the Differences? 1. CULTURAL DIFFERENCES: The people of the North and South did not agree on social and political issues The North-- an urban society in which people held jobs The South-- an agricultural society in which people lived in small villages and on farms or plantations

6 2. ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES The North and South did not agree on the use of tariffs. A tariff is an added price or fee that you must pay. The North and South did not agree on the use of tariffs. A tariff is an added price or fee that you must pay. The North– liked tariffs because they protected factory owners and workers from competition in other countries The South– against tariffs * Planters were afraid that England might stop buying cotton from the South if tariffs were added.

7 3. ROLE OF GOVERNMENT The North believed in a strong central government that would govern all of its states The North believed in a strong central government that would govern all of its states The South wanted each state to have the right to make its own laws The South wanted each state to have the right to make its own laws

8 4. SLAVERY The North believed that slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished (stopped forever) The North believed that slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished (stopped forever) The South believed that the abolition of slavery would destroy the nation’s economy The South believed that the abolition of slavery would destroy the nation’s economy

9 Compromises Compromises had to be made Compromises had to be made There were three compromises There were three compromises Missouri Compromise – 1820 Missouri Compromise – 1820 Compromise of 1850 Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act – 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act – 1854 While we go through these compromises make a foldable to help you study! While we go through these compromises make a foldable to help you study!

10 Missouri Compromise Any new territory added north of an imaginary line would be free. Any new territory added north of an imaginary line would be free. Everyone to the south of that line would be in slave states Everyone to the south of that line would be in slave states

11 Compromise of 1850 California would be a free state in exchange for the Southwest Territories being allowed to decided for themselves whether or not to allow slavery California would be a free state in exchange for the Southwest Territories being allowed to decided for themselves whether or not to allow slavery

12 Kansas-Nebraska Act-1854 Decided whether or not states would be slave states by popular sovereignty Decided whether or not states would be slave states by popular sovereignty Allowed people in each state to vote to decide whether to allow slavery or forbid it Allowed people in each state to vote to decide whether to allow slavery or forbid it

13 Your task Add color and picture to your foldables Add color and picture to your foldables Then work on the Missouri Compromise map sheet in groups Then work on the Missouri Compromise map sheet in groups What you do not finish is your homework What you do not finish is your homework

14 SECEDING FROM THE UNION Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16 th President of the United States in Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was one nation that should not be separated or divided. Most Southerners believed that states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it. Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16 th President of the United States in Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was one nation that should not be separated or divided. Most Southerners believed that states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it. In 1861, the Southern states began to secede (leave) the union. They formed their own nation and called themselves The Confederate States of America. In 1861, the Southern states began to secede (leave) the union. They formed their own nation and called themselves The Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln The 16 th President of the U.S.

15 THE UNION States that seceded from the Union: Alabama Alabama Arkansas Arkansas Florida Florida Georgia Georgia Louisiana Louisiana Mississippi Mississippi North Carolina North Carolina South Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Tennessee Texas Texas Virginia Virginia States remaining in the Union: Border states (slave states): Delaware Delaware Kentucky Kentucky Maryland Maryland Missouri Missouri Free States: California California Connecticut Connecticut Illinois Illinois Indiana Indiana Iowa Iowa Kansas Kansas Maine Maine Massachusetts Massachusetts Michigan Michigan Minnesota Minnesota New Hampshire New Hampshire New Jersey New Jersey New York New York Ohio Ohio Oregon Oregon Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Rhode Island Rhode Island Vermont Vermont West Virginia (Western counties of Virginia that refused to secede from the Union) West Virginia (Western counties of Virginia that refused to secede from the Union) Wisconsin Wisconsin

16 MAP OF THE STATES LEGEND: States that seceded from the Union Slave States that remained in the Union Free States that remained in the Union

17 CIVIL WAR LEADERS ABRAHAM LINCOLN * President during the Civil War * Opposed to slavery * Wrote the Emancipation Proclamation * Determined to keep the United States as one country * Delivered the Gettysburg Address JEFFERSON DAVIS * President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War

18 CIVIL WAR LEADERS ROBERT E. LEE * Leader of the Confederacy (Army of Northern Virginia) * Had been offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the Civil War, but chose not to fight against Virginia * Told Southerners to admit that they lost the war and to come together as Americans after the war ended ULYSSES S. GRANT * Leader of the Union Army * Won the War against the Confederacy

19 CIVIL WAR LEADERS THOMAS “STONEWALL” JACKSON Was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia Was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia Gained nickname from Battle of Bull Run Gained nickname from Battle of Bull Run FREDERICK DOUGLAS * A former slave who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist (someone who believes slavery is wrong and should be illegal)

20 THE CIVIL WAR BEGINS In April of 1861, the disagreements between the Northern and Southern states were at an all-time high. In April of 1861, the disagreements between the Northern and Southern states were at an all-time high. The Confederate Army of the Southern States attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Confederate Army of the Southern States attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. President Lincoln was forced to declare WAR! President Lincoln was forced to declare WAR! click on the image to see a movie

21 MAJOR BATTLES AND EVENTS OF THE WAR The attack on Ft. Sumter began the war The attack on Ft. Sumter began the war The First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) was the 1 st Major Battle The First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) was the 1 st Major Battle click on the image to see a movie

22 MAJOR BATTLES AND EVENTS OF THE WAR The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war. Many freed slaves joined the Union Army. The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war. Many freed slaves joined the Union Army. The Battle of Vicksburg divided the South. The North got control of the Mississippi River. The Battle of Vicksburg divided the South. The North got control of the Mississippi River. The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war because the Union Army stopped the Confederates from invading the North. The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war because the Union Army stopped the Confederates from invading the North. click on the image to see a movie

23 Battle of Gettysburg One of the bloodiest Battles!!!! One of the bloodiest Battles!!!!

24 THE ROLE OF WOMEN Women were forced to stay home and run businesses in the North and farms or plantations in the South. Women were forced to stay home and run businesses in the North and farms or plantations in the South. Clara Barton was a nurse during the Civil War. She created the American Red Cross. Clara Barton was a nurse during the Civil War. She created the American Red Cross. Clara Barton

25 AFRICAN AMERICANS AND THE WAR African Americans fought in both the Confederate and Union Armies, but they were paid less than white soldiers. African Americans fought in both the Confederate and Union Armies, but they were paid less than white soldiers. African American soldiers were discriminated against and served in separated units led by white officers. African American soldiers were discriminated against and served in separated units led by white officers. Robert Smalls was an African American sailor and Union Naval Captain. He was honored for being very brave and a hero. He became a Congressman after the Civil War. Robert Smalls was an African American sailor and Union Naval Captain. He was honored for being very brave and a hero. He became a Congressman after the Civil War. click on the image to see a movie

26 THE END OF THE WAR The war was long and painful. Over 600,000 men died and over 1,100,000 were injured. The war was long and painful. Over 600,000 men died and over 1,100,000 were injured. General Lee surrendered to General Grant on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. General Lee surrendered to General Grant on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. The war was OVER! The war was OVER! Lee surrenders to Grant

27 EFFECTS OF THE WAR Many southern cities were devastated and Atlanta and Richmond were even burned to the ground Many southern cities were devastated and Atlanta and Richmond were even burned to the ground Families and friends were often forced to fight against each other Families and friends were often forced to fight against each other Southern soldiers were young and did not have many uniforms or supplies Southern soldiers were young and did not have many uniforms or supplies Many men died from battle or disease Many men died from battle or disease The fighting was very dangerous The fighting was very dangerous Since the Confederacy lost, their money was worthless Since the Confederacy lost, their money was worthless Atlanta Burning


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