James Monroe and the “Era of Good Feelings” 1815 – 1824
Guiding Questions 1.Why was there a surge of nationalism after the War of 1812? 2.Is the title “Era of Good Feelings” appropriate? Who would be more inclined to like this title: a federalist or an antifederalist ? Why? 3. Would antifederalists look to the Supreme Court rulings in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden as positive or negative?
The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 (more appropriately – the John Quincy Adams Doctrine) It was declared in a few paragraphs of President James Monroe's seventh annual message to Congress on December 2, 1823. Monroe warned European countries not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere, stating "that the American continents...are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers." The Monroe Doctrine became a cornerstone of future U.S. foreign policy.
The Key Elements of “America’s Self-Defense Doctrine” Non-colonization Non-intervention
The Infamous “Peculiar Institution” Strikes Again Slavery and the rise of Sectionalism
As Thomas Jefferson remarked… “The Missouri question…is the most portentous [crucial or ominous] one which ever yet threatened our Union. In the gloomiest moment of the revolutionary war I never had any apprehensions equal to what I feel from this source…[The] question, "like a firebell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror…[With slavery] we have a wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him nor safely let him go.” - April 22, 1820 Why does Jefferson equate slavery with a wolf?
The Tallmadge & Thomas Amendments The Tallmadge Amendment was a bill which would have admitted Missouri with its existing slave population, but would forbid the introduction of additional slaves and free all slave children at age 25. The Thomas Amendment was a bill which would have admitted Missouri as a slave state but forbid slavery north of the 36°30" latitude in the Louisiana Purchase region. Neither bill was put into effect.
It admitted Missouri as a slave state and at the same time admitted Maine as a free state. Declared that all territory north of the 36°30" latitude would become FREE states, and all territory south of that latitude would become SLAVE states. In what ways does the Missouri Compromise highlight American disunity?