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Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Speaker: André Panisson, PhD student Università degli Studi di Torino, Computer Science Department Corso Svizzera, 185.

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Presentation on theme: "Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Speaker: André Panisson, PhD student Università degli Studi di Torino, Computer Science Department Corso Svizzera, 185."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Speaker: André Panisson, PhD student Università degli Studi di Torino, Computer Science Department Corso Svizzera, 185 – 10149, Torino, Italy panisson@di.unito.it Sicurezza II A.A. 2011-2012

2 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Security Assertion Markup Language o XML-based open standard for exchanging authentication and authorization data between security domains Identity Provider (IdP) Service Provider (SP) SAML 2.0 as a Service Provider SAML 2.0 as a Identity Provider Shibboleth 1.3

3 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SimpleSAMLphp o SAML implementation written in PHP o Provides support for: SAML 2.0 as a Service Provider SAML 2.0 as a Identity Provider Shibboleth 1.3 A-Select, CAS, OpenID, WS-Federation and OAuth

4 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Requisiti o Apache o Ai nostri scopi è necessario anche la libreria PHP con supporto a libxml openssl zlib ldap

5 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Download e installazione o http://simplesamlphp.org/ http://code.google.com/p/simplesamlphp/downloads/list o Scaricare la versione 1.8.1 tar -xvzf simplesamlphp-1.8.1.tar.gz o La cartella samlidp conterrà l’ Identity Provider cp -R simplesamlphp-1.8.1 $HOME/samlidp o La cartella samlsp conterrà il Service Provider cp -R simplesamlphp-1.8.1 $HOME/samlsp

6 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Apache Configuration WARNING: When running an IdP and a SP on the same computer, the SP and IdP MUST be configured with different hostnames. This prevents cookies from the SP to interfere with cookies from the IdP. o Uncomment the following line on apache/conf/httpd.conf: Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

7 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Apache Configuration o Edit the file apache/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf and add: ServerAdmin admin@educ.di.unito.it DocumentRoot "/usr/home/…/apache/htdocs/localhost" ServerName localhost ServerAlias localhost ErrorLog "logs/localhost-error_log" CustomLog "logs/localhost-access_log" common Alias /samlidp /usr/home/…/samlidp/www Order allow,deny Allow from all ServerAdmin admin@educ.di.unito.it DocumentRoot "/usr/home/…/apache/htdocs/loopback" ServerName 127.0.0.1 ServerAlias 127.0.0.1 ErrorLog "logs/loopback-error_log" CustomLog "logs/loopback-access_log" common Alias /samlsp /usr/home/…/samlsp/www Order allow,deny Allow from all

8 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Copy some required config files: cp samlidp/modules/sanitycheck/config-templates/config- sanitycheck.php samlidp/config/ o Edit samlidp/config/config.php Change the following values: 'baseurlpath' => 'samlidp/', 'tempdir' => '/tmp/samlidp', 'auth.adminpassword' => 'your_password', 'technicalcontact_email' => 'your_email',

9 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Enabling the Identity Provider functionality: This is done by editing samlidp/config/config.php. The options enable.saml20-idp and enable.shib13-idp controls whether SAML 2.0 and Shibboleth 1.3 support is enabled. Enable one or both of those by assigning true to them: 'enable.saml20-idp' => true, 'enable.shib13-idp' => true,

10 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Configuring the authentication module: The exampleauth:UserPass authentication module is part of the exampleauth module. This module isn't enabled by default, so you will have to enable it. This is done by creating a file named enable in samlidp/modules/exampleauth/ touch samlidp/modules/exampleauth/enable

11 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Configuring the authentication module: The next step is to create an authentication source with this module. Configuration for authentication sources can be found in samlidp/config/authsources.php. Uncomment the following entry: 'example-userpass' => array( 'exampleauth:UserPass', 'student:studentpass' => array( 'uid' => array('test'), 'eduPersonAffiliation' => array('member', 'student'), ), 'employee:employeepass' => array( 'uid' => array('employee'), 'eduPersonAffiliation' => array('member', 'employee'), ), If you add other entries in the arrays, the entries will be available as attributes: 'student:studentpass' => array( 'uid' => array('test'), 'name' => array('Pippo'), 'eduPersonAffiliation' => array('member', 'student'), ),

12 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Configuring the IdP: The IdP is configured by the metadata stored in samlidp/metadata/saml20-idp-hosted.php and samlidp/metadata/shib13-idp-hosted.php Keep them untouched!

13 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Identity Provider o Test it! Access http://localhost:8080/samlidp

14 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Service Provider o Copy some required config files: cp samlsp/modules/sanitycheck/config-templates/config- sanitycheck.php samlsp/config/ o Edit samlsp/config/config.php Change the following values: 'baseurlpath' => 'samlsp/', 'tempdir' => '/tmp/samlsp', 'auth.adminpassword' => 'your_password', 'technicalcontact_email' => 'your_email',

15 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Service Provider o The SP is configured by an entry in samlsp/config/authsources.php: // An authentication source which can authenticate against both SAML 2.0 // and Shibboleth 1.3 IdPs. 'default-sp' => array( 'saml:SP', // The entity ID of this SP. // Can be NULL/unset, in which case an entity ID is generated based on the metadata URL. 'entityID' => NULL, // The entity ID of the IdP this should SP should contact. // Can be NULL/unset, in which case the user will be shown a list of available IdPs. 'idp' => NULL, // The URL to the discovery service. // Can be NULL/unset, in which case a builtin discovery service will be used. 'discoURL' => NULL, ),

16 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Adding IdPs to the SP o The service provider you are configuring needs to know about the identity providers you are going to connect to it o This is configured by metadata stored in samlsp/metadata/saml20-idp-remote.php and samlsp/metadata/shib13-idp-remote.php o You will have to add the identity provider metadata to your configuration file. o You can find the metadata by going to your identity provider Open http://localhost:8080/samlidp Go to the tab “Federation” and find the session entitled “SAML 2.0 IdP Metadata” Click on “Show metadata” Copy the PHP code for the metadata into samlsp/metadata/saml20- idp-remote.php

17 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Adding SPs to the IdP o The identity provider you are configuring also needs to know about the service providers you are going to connect to it. o This is configured by metadata stored in samlidp/metadata/saml20-sp-remote.php and samlidp/metadata/shib13-sp-remote.php o You will have to add the service provider metadata to your configuration file. o You can find the metadata by going to your service provider Open http://127.0.0.1:8080/samlsp Go to the tab “Federation” and find the session entitled “SAML 2.0 SP Metadata” Click on “Show metadata” Copy the PHP code for the metadata into samlidp/metadata/saml20- sp-remote.php

18 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Test the SP and IdP o Go to your Service Provider: http://127.0.0.1:8080/samlsp o Go to the tab “Authentication” and click on “Test configured authentication sources” o Click on “default-sp” o Select the identity provider you configured in the previous steps o Log in using the identity provider credentials

19 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Web App o Create an application that uses SAML for authentication. Example script: protected.php requireAuth(); $attributes = $as->getAttributes(); $uid = $attributes['uid'][0]; ?> Welcome,

20 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Logging o In both Service Provider and Identity provider, edit the config/config.php Change the following values: 'debug' => TRUE, 'logging.level' => LOG_DEBUG, 'logging.handler' => 'file', Check the logs under the log directory Use this tool to decode assertions (if encoded): https://rnd.feide.no/simplesaml/module.php/saml2debug/debug.php

21 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 Logging o Login to the previously created Web Application (protected.php) using the local Identity Provider o Check the log and extract the assertions o Check which data is available in the assertion: ID Issuer Subject Conditions Statements … (refer to the classroom lessons)

22 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Open IdP’s and SP’s o Some open SAML Identity Providers http://www.ssocircle.com/ o SAML Service Providers Google Apps (http://code.google.com/googleapps/domain/sso/saml_referen ce_implementation.html) o Exercise: add SSOCircle as Identity Provider

23 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 SAML Speaker: André Panisson, PhD student Università degli Studi di Torino, Computer Science Department Corso Svizzera, 185 – 10149, Torino, Italy panisson@di.unito.it Sicurezza II A.A. 2011-2012 Grazie per l’attenzione!

24 Sicurezza II, A.A. 2011/2012 © 2009 by André Panisson. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this material is currently granted without fee provided that copies are made only for personal or classroom use, are not distributed for profit or commercial advantage, and that new copies bear this notice and the full citation.


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