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The Police Marque Secured Housing SOKGW Urban planning & design Public Area Street Lay-Out Buildings & Blocks Dwellings.

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Presentation on theme: "The Police Marque Secured Housing SOKGW Urban planning & design Public Area Street Lay-Out Buildings & Blocks Dwellings."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Police Marque Secured Housing SOKGW Urban planning & design Public Area Street Lay-Out Buildings & Blocks Dwellings

2 2 Urban planning and Design (S): S1 S2 S3 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 (recommendation) Facilities that draw a great number of people (recommendation) Facilities in the neighbourhood Lay-out and rear paths (recommendation) Recreation & public parks & gardens (recommendation) Height and scale of building (recommendation) Differentiation according to dwelling (recommendation) Connection to surrounding buildings Access of the district Routes for slow traffic S4

3 3 S1-Differentiation according to dwelling WHAT: Variety as to the type, size, price, ownership and low-rise or high-rise HOW: The variation consists of homogeneous clusters of dwellings Neighbour- hood Neighbour- hood Neighbour- hood Neigh- bour- hood Residential area (recommendation)

4 4 S2 - Height and scale of building WHAT: Residential buildings not more than 5 floors high HOW: Low-rise buildings maximum 20 connected (recommendation)

5 5 S3 - Connection to surrounding buildings WHAT: The newly built area is well connected to the existing residential area HOW: Clear and attractive entrances, the lack of no man’s land (max. 100 m), the clustering of traffic flows (recommendation)

6 6 S4 - Access of the district WHAT: The access of the residential district is controlled HOW: 500 houses: max. 4 Basic requirement

7 7 S5-Routes for slow traffic WHAT: Routes for cyclists and pedestrians are socially safe HOW: Minimal one safe route in front side of the houses; no tunnels, fly-overs or subways on the routes; On recreational routes no false appearance of safety. Basic requirement

8 8 S6-Lay out and rear paths WHAT: A socially safe structure is approached HOW: No rear paths or no ´go through´ structure the lay-out is complying with demand K4 ´Rear paths´ Basic requirement

9 9 S7-Recreation and public parks and gardens WHAT: When the neighbourhood holds over 500 private houses there is space for recreation and public green. HOW: Smaller (green) belts are found scattered over the residential area, among others for the purpose of play. (recommendation)

10 10 S8 - Facilities in the neighbourhood WHAT: Facilities are not a source of nuisance HOW: Above at least 60% of the shops there are private houses with a view on the facilities; Footpaths from and to the facilities are within the sight of private houses; Sufficient facilities for bicycles. (recommendation)

11 11 S9 - Facilities that draw a great number of people WHAT: Facilities are located in such a way as to create as little nuisance as possible in the neighbourhood. HOW: At the outskirts of the residential area. No short cuts. Short, survivable routes to stops of public transport. Routes for slow traffic are linked with the routes of other (motorised) traffic. (recommendation)

12 12 O3 O4 O5 O6 O7 O8 O9 O10 O2 O1 Public areas (O): Public lighting Parking outside Public car park Tunnels and subways (recommendation) Stops for public transport Enclosed areas Street furniture Facilities for the young Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti (recommendation) Plan for the management and supervision of public areas

13 13 O1 - Public lighting WHAT: Clear, non-glaringly and evenly illuminated in the dark. People are recognisable at a distance of at least 4 metres. HOW: Horizontal lighting intensity (E average) = 3 lux and evenness measures at least 0,3 Uh. The RA value at least RA 25 or (E average) = 2 lux and 0,3 Uh at RA 60 or (E average) = 3 lux and 0,2 Uh at RA 60. Trees do not interfere. Basic requirement

14 14 O2 - Parking outside WHAT: Parking facilities for occupants and visitors close to dwellings and residential buildings. Good view on the parking facilities from their houses. HOW: Parking on own property or small car parks holding a maximum of 20 cars, within sight of at least 2 dwellings. Larger car parks at residential buildings are socially safe, easy to survey and well-illuminated. Basic requirement

15 15 O3 - Public car park WHAT: Public car parks are socially secure and well manageable. HOW: Tough lightning demands. Entry, exit at day time: 200 lux, night time: 100 lux; parking spaces 40 lux, RA-value 60, E average 0,50 Uh AND good through sight, proper signposting. Entrances are secured after closing hours. Basic requirement

16 16 O4 - Tunnels and subways WHAT: Tunnels and subways used by cyclists and pedestrians are socially secure and well illuminated. HOW: Use by various kinds of traffic. Minimum width & height. Lighting demands. Sufficient overview. Graffiti resistant coating or easy to clean material. Flat surface; there are no niches or recesses. Unobstructed view from surrounding buildings Basic requirement

17 17 O5 - Stops for public transport WHAT: Stops for public transport must be highly visible. HOW: In view of the surrounding buildings. Planting or other obstacles do not interfere with the view. The shelters are transparent and illuminated (recommendation)

18 18 O6 - Enclosed areas/court yards WHAT: Should not be prone to vandalism and should not be a source for nuisance, nor should the surrounding buildings be at extra risk of burglary. HOW: Good view from surrounding buildings. Area can be closed off or easily made secure. Area has been divided into separate parts (so no intensive sports). Footpaths well lit. Basic requirement

19 19 O7 - Street furniture WHAT: Street furniture should not lead to vandalism, graffiti or anti social behaviour. HOW: Small facilities are combined. Avoid nuisance at benches used as a place ‘to hang out’. Materials are durable, resistant to vandalism. Basic requirement

20 20 O8-Facilities for the young WHAT: Play facilities are secure and available to young people of all age groups. Supervision is possible and nuisance is minimised. HOW: Separate play facilities for the various age groups. Good view from dwellings at play facilities for young children. Facilities for teenagers, within the sphere of influence, but not within direct view of the dwellings. With teenagers direct view is not necessary, but optional. Basic requirement

21 21 O9-Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti WHAT: Graffiti on walls and surfaces of buildings and other constructions in public areas is to be prevented as much as possible. HOW: Screened off surfaces by planting or graffiti resistant coating or a coating of material that is easy to clean. Basic requirement

22 22 O10 - Plan for the management WHAT: Agreements on (the role of safety) in managing and supervising the living environment have been laid down in writing by all relevant parties. HOW: Maintenance plan, ´call desk´, quick repair and cleaning, regular supervision, structural repairs. Co-operation and communication with occupants. (recommendation)

23 23 Lay-out (K): K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 (recommendation) Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Front (recommendation) Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Back (recommendation) Lay-out and location of residential buildings Rear paths (recommendation) Division of the gardens A block of storerooms, sheds or private garages; location

24 24 K1- Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Front WHAT: From public places there is a good view on the front sides and entrances of the dwellings. Distance and clear separation between public and private grounds is achieved. HOW: Dwellings have a front and/or side garden with longitude 2 to 5 meters. Front is flat or the recesses and receding parts of the building line do not interfere with the sight lines and social security. (recommendation)

25 25 WHAT: The rear is screened off and difficult to access by burglars and other unauthorised persons. HOW: The rear of the dwellings clearly has a personal character. Accessibility restricted by fully closed block or no rear paths or no continuous rear paths with limited access. K2 - Lay-out and location of single-family dwellings; Back (recommendation)

26 26 K3 – Lay-out and location of residential buildings WHAT: Due to location of the building, it can be well supervised and is socially secured. There is distance and clear separation between public and private grounds for accommodation on the ground floor. HOW: The accommodations on the ground floor have a garden or a terrace over the entire width of the dwelling. Entrances of the building are highly visible, no obstructions, good lighting, short secure routes to car park. (recommendation)

27 27 K4 - Rear paths WHAT: Any rear paths should be socially secure, are overlooked and not appear inviting to unauthorized persons. HOW: Preferable straight (has no sharp bends, twists or forks) or the corners are rounded and good lighting, min.1.5 meters in width, no ‘go through’ structure. Each side of the rear path opens up to 10 residential properties. More properties means wider paths or closed paths with a communal fence. Basic requirement

28 28 WHAT: For dwellings along access roads or near entrances to the residential area fencing of the grounds is provided as a barrier against burglars and other unauthorized persons. HOW: With a barrier between the (back) gardens of (corner) residential properties, min. height 1.80 meter. K5-Fencing of the grounds (recommendation)

29 29 K6 - A block of storerooms sheds or private garages WHAT: A block of sheds or private garages is positioned in such a way that an area that is socially secured and has natural surveillance is created. HOW: Small concentrations (a maximum of 20 sheds or 10 private garages). Visible from residential properties. Sufficient lighting. Basic requirement

30 30 Building (G): G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8 G9 G10 G11 G12 G13 G1 Residential building; size and compartmentalization (recommendation) Balconies Entrance section residential building (Entrance) doors communal areas Lighting communal areas Lift Communal storeroom facility; arrangement and extent Communal bicycle shed Built-in car park (belonging to a residential building) Facilities in a residential building (recommendation) Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti Plan for the management and supervision of the residential building Storage: Doors, windows and ventilation holes: burglary potential

31 31 G1 - Residential building; size and compartmentalisation WHAT: The residential building is recognisable both in size and lay-out and not accessible for unauthorised persons. HOW: A residential building has a restricted number of dwellings at each gallery. Compartmentalisation of galleries or corridors and fire escapes are gated and not easy to be climbed up. Basic requirement

32 32 G2 - Balconies WHAT: The (private) outside space in the case of upstairs flats facilitates contact between the street and the occupants, without providing opportunities for climbing. HOW: Balustrades and fences are made of a transparent material. Barriers between adjoining balconies. No opportunities for climbing. (recommendation)

33 33 G3 - Entrance section residential building WHAT: The entrance should look inviting to occupants and visitors, but not to unauthorized persons. The arrangement provides occupants the ability to know and recognize one another. HOW: Entrance in view of the public area, limited recess, good lighting, storage for bicycles, entrance burglar resistant, intercom, outside access mailboxes, good trough sight by use of glass. Basic requirement

34 34 G4 - (Entrance) doors communal areas WHAT: The (entrance) doors of communal areas, such as store-rooms, the car park, the bicycle shed, are self- closing and protected against ‘slipping’. They provide a safe escape route. HOW: Doors are self-closing; provision to prevent ‘slipping’; key-less opening from the inside with an ellipse-shaped or three-cornered knob; outside no door handle; fitted with clear, transparent (wired) glass. Basic requirement

35 35 G5-Lighting communal areas WHAT: The communal areas in a residential building are properly lit. HOW:Clear, non-glare and even lighting in the entire area, with a lighting intensity of minimally 20 Lux at 1 meter from the floor. RA value is min. 20. Vandal resistant fittings. Basic requirement

36 36 G6 - Lift WHAT: The lifts in a residential building are socially secured and properly lit. HOW: A mirror that is vandal resistant on the rear wall of the lift. Communication and/or alarm facility. Good lighting (50 lux). Visitors have no admittance to communal areas. Basic requirement

37 37 G7 - Communal storeroom facility WHAT: The communal storeroom facility has an arrangement that is both practical as well as socially secured. HOW: Max. 25 separate storerooms or (closed off) compartments with max 25. Access at ground level. Straight corridors. Impact-proof mirrors. Lighting acc. to specifications G5. Basic requirement

38 38 G8 - Storage: Burglary resistance of doors, windows and ventilation openings WHAT: The doors to storerooms (cellar storerooms) in a residential building are sufficiently burglar resistant. HOW: Burglary resistant doors that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2, or equal. No use of glass. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications. Basic requirement

39 39 G9 - Amenities in a residential building WHAT:Any amenities not related to the aspect of living (shops, businesses, etc.) within the residential building do not disturb (the social safety of) the aspect of living. HOW: No amenities that could possibly cause inconvenience. Amenities have an independent entrance. Visitors to the amenities cannot enter the communal areas of the residential building. Basic requirement

40 40 G10 - Communal bicycle shed WHAT: If there are no private storage facilities (such as sheds, store-rooms, etc.) there is a burglary resistant and properly lighted communal storage accommodation for bicycles, with sufficient capacity. Burglar proof glass within 70 cm of the door handle. HOW: Sufficient capacity. Doors, windows and lighting meets requirements G4, G5, G9. Impact resistant glass. Basic requirement

41 41 G11 - Built-in car park (belonging to a residential building) WHAT: Car parks belonging to occupants of a residential building are socially secured and properly controlled. HOW: Car park is is locked and can only be opened by authorized persons. Good lighting (40 lux). Good overall view (mirrors). Clear marking & proper signposting. Max. of 25 storerooms leading direct into garage. Basic requirement

42 42 G12 - Walls/surfaces/partitions; anti-graffiti WHAT: Graffiti on walls andsurfaces of the residential building is prevented as strongly as possible. HOW: (Blind) walls and surfaces are protected by green strips, plants, graffiti-proof coating or easy to clean materials. (recommendation)

43 43 G13 - Plan for the management and supervision of the residential building WHAT: Arrangements on (the place of security in the) maintenance and management are recorded in writing. HOW: Maintenance plan; ´call desk´; quick repair and cleaning; regular supervision; structural repairs; Co-operation and communication with occupants. Basic requirement

44 44 Dwelling (W): W1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 View of the public area Entrance; view and lighting Doors; burglary potential Windows and ventilation holes; burglary potential Skylights; burglary potential Garage; windows, doors and lighting Storeroom, shed; windows, doors and lighting Smoke detector (recommendation) Alarm system Information and communication

45 45 W1 - View of the public area WHAT: The dwelling provides a view of the public area adjoining the dwelling. HOW: Sight on the public area. Window(s) on house fronts. Bushes, sheds, fences, railings or other obstacles in the gardens do not restrict the view. Basic requirement

46 46 W2 - Entrance; view and lighting WHAT: The entrance to the dwelling is socially secured and user- friendly, visible from the surrounding area and from the dwelling itself. There is a power point for lighting. HOW: In view of the public area. No set back or recess is minimal. If recess than light is installed. Occupant can see visitors when door is closed. Power point for lighting. Basic requirement

47 47 W3-Doors; burglary potential WHAT: All doors that can be reached and that give access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant and user friendly. HOW: Burglary resistant doors that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. Single handling function; easily opened with one same key. Basic requirement

48 48 W4- Windows and ventilation holes; burglary potential WHAT: All accessible windows and ventilation holes that can provide access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant. HOW: Burglar resistant windows or vents that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm; no specifications. Basic requirement

49 49 W5 - Skylights; burglary potential WHAT:Skylights, dormer windows which can provide access to the dwelling are sufficiently burglary resistant. HOW: Burglar resistant skylights and dormer windows that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications. Basic requirement

50 50 W6 – Garage; burglary potential and lighting WHAT: All doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings of garages should be burglary resistant if they are accessible. Power point for lighting. HOW: Burglar resistant doors, windows, sky-lights and ventilation openings that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2. For openings under 15 cm, no specifications. Power point for lighting. Basic requirement

51 51 W7 - Storeroom, shed; burglar potential and lighting WHAT: All doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings of (freestanding) storerooms and sheds are sufficiently burglary resistant. HOW: Burglar resistant doors, windows, sky-lights and ventilation openings that meets standard NEN 5096 (= CEN-ENV 1627) class 2, or equal. For openings under 15 cm; no specifications. Power point for lighting. Basic requirement

52 52 W8 - Smoke detector WHAT: Occupants are warned in time when smoke develops. HOW: Smoke detectors are installed according to National Building Standards and have seal of approval of the certification institute. Basic requirement

53 53 W9 – Measures at higher risks WHAT: Casings, cable ducts and meter cupboard are made in such a way that a burglar alarm system can be installed later without breakage and is not vulnerable to interference. HOW: There are pipes for the wiring of an alarm to the front door and the back wall on the ground floor for a later installation of detectors. Position plans provided for occupants. PS: Only applicable for dwellings with a value of 1.5 times the average market value in the region. (recommendation)

54 54 W10 - Information and communication WHAT: Occupants of secured dwellings are informed about safe behaviour. HOW: Occupants receive (written) information on the proper use of the provisions installed. Attention is also given to the use of keys and escape routes in case of fire. Basic requirement

55 55 General information WHO WHAT WHERE PROCEDURE BACKGROUND ACCESSIBILITY HOW TO USE RESULTS

56 56 Accessibility: WHAT: All doors, windows, skylights, ventilation openings, dormer windows on higher floors should be burglary resistant and should meet the W-requirements if they are accessible. HOW: Accessible are: doors, windows, sky-lights, ventilation openings, dormer windows according to NEN 5087 (5,50/3,50 m en 2,40 m combined with stand van minimal0,4 x 0,4 meter). And all higher up if there are clear possibilities of climbing up. (roof slope = +/- 50%)

57 57 Procedure: Apply with independent rural appraisal commission Decision on applicable basic requirements and recommendations Consult & assistance by building plan advisor (ALO) (external of internal) Preliminary Marque on building plans & descriptions Independent inspection Definite Marque (10 yr valid dwellings, 5 years for complex and area) Possibility of dispensation (equal value) & exception regulation

58 58 Who, What, Where Excellent results Voluntarily but not without demands 10 year validation for dwellings, 5 years for complex and area Manual with basic requirements and recommendents Nation-wide training, organisation and communication materials

59 59 How did the Marque come into being? 1989 Rooted in British Secured by Design 1990 Thesis - Checklist Social Safety and Built Environment 1992 Research on Netherlands demands 1994 Experimental Manual for new projects. Extended testing and live experiments. Evaluation Manual for refurbishment 1998 Nation-wide introduction 1999 Final development by ACPO 2001 Start of Managing Foundation - CPI 2005 Transition to CCV (Government Foundation) 2008 Marque Secured Housing

60 60 How to use it: There is only one Marque, but there are more situations where you can use it 1.Marque for new estates 2.Marque for refurbishment (BB) 3.Marque for individual dwellings (tenants) 4.Marque for individual dwellings (owners) Ad 1.Contract Ad 2.Agreement Ad 3.Move and big scale maintenance Ad 4.Benefits and subsidise Choice: expertise own staff or external Imperative: basic knowledge of the Marque

61 61 The results: burglaries in 1995 dropped to around in recent years. Risk of burglary in secured dwelling drops up to 90% (new estates) (app.) certificates for dwellings (app.) new dwellings under Marque each year trained prevention advisors throughout the existence of de Marque. 500 (app.) licensed security corporations

62 62 Thank you for your attention

63 63 Process Secured by Design Departments within the local authority develop according the basic requirements and recommendations of Secured by design. Before continuing to the next phase the Centre of Crime prevention and Safety and Security (CCV) offers the possibility (at minimal expense) to have plans checked by experts for extra assurance before the building process starts. Inspections by the inspection institution (II) this ensure all requirements have been met.

64 Translation: Politie Hollands Midden Owner: Centrum voor Criminaliteitspreventie en Veiligheid


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