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Roof Top Mounting? Turbulence Poor Performance Noise & Vibration Safety Simply a Bad Idea Paul Gipe, wind-works.org.

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Presentation on theme: "Roof Top Mounting? Turbulence Poor Performance Noise & Vibration Safety Simply a Bad Idea Paul Gipe, wind-works.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roof Top Mounting? Turbulence Poor Performance Noise & Vibration Safety Simply a Bad Idea Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

2 Roof Top Mounting? No, Don’t Do This! DAF-Indal, Canada Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

3 Roof Top Squirrel Cage? © GUAL Industrie Forget It! Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

4 Roof Top Turbine Toronto Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

5 Roof Top Mounting? Azure Magazine May 2007 Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

6 Roof Top Mounting? Paul Gipe, wind-works.org

7 Roof Top Mounting? Newcastle, Indiana Well, OK Here Jutland, Denmark

8 Towers Pendant Cables & Raceway Paul Gipe & Assoc.

9 Foundations Paul Gipe & Assoc. Piers Lattice Towers Spread Footing Monopile Solid Hollow with Fill © Goldenstedt

10 Foundations Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Lagerwey

11 Foundation Monopile Hollow with Fill Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Neal Emmerton

12 Foundation Bolts Paul Gipe & Assoc.

13 Foundations Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

14 Lightning Protection Paul Gipe & Assoc. Receptors at Blade Tip Cabling Through Blade Nacelle Lightning Rod Slip Rings & Jumpers Grounding (Earthing) Some Areas Require Ground Net Large Turbines will be Hit Periodically

15 Lightning Protection Receptors & Cabling Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Lagerwey

16 Lightning Protection Nacelle Lightning Rod Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

17 Lightning Protection Tower Section Jumpers Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Lagerwey

18 Lightning Protection Paul Gipe & Assoc. Windflow 500 Gebbies Pass, NZ

19 Obstruction Marking Height Limits 200 ft USA 100 m Europe Lights Red (night?) Strobe (Day) Impacts Painting Paul Gipe & Assoc.

20 Obstruction Marking Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

21 Obstruction Marking Painting Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

22 Operations & Maintenance Large Turbines Formerly by Quarter Now Once/year Small Turbines Once/year Large Turbines Complex & Rotating Schedules Visual Inspections Moving Parts Electronic Controls Largest Single Cause of “Nuisance” Trips Paul Gipe & Assoc.

23 Good Housekeeping Paul Gipe & Assoc.© Rope Partner Little Items Make a Big Difference on a Million-Dollar Wind Turbine!

24 Operations & Maintenance Check Welding Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Lagerwey

25 Operations & Maintenance Condition Monitoring Large Turbines w/o Condition Monitoring, No Insurance w/o Insurance, No Financing Enercon “Partner” Program Other Manufacturers Following Suit Paul Gipe & Assoc.

26 Operations & Maintenance As Percentage of Total Investment Paul Gipe & Assoc. *Includes prorated 20% reinvestment after year 10. Source: IEA, EMD 2001

27 U.S. Operations & Maintenance 1.3¢/kWh Paul Gipe & Assoc. Source: NREL, 1997

28 Fall Protection Body Harness Shock-Absorbing Lanyard Double-Acting Snap Hook Positioning Belt is Only for Positioning Paul Gipe & Assoc.

29 Safety Helmet Gloves Harness Radio Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Rope Partner

30 Aerial Lifts Paul Gipe & Assoc.

31 Ladder Fall Protection Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Lagerwey

32 Ladders Paul Gipe & Assoc.

33 Steps Paul Gipe & Assoc.

34 Secure Rotor Locking Paul Gipe & Assoc. Rotor Hub © Lagerwey

35 Secure Rotor Locking Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

36 Secure Rails & Attachments Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex

37 Access Doors Paul Gipe & Assoc. © Nordex Tararua, NZ

38 Secure Access Doors It’s Windy Out There Paul Gipe & Assoc. Lock to Prevent Unauthorized Access Latch to Prevent Door Closing Interior Release To Prevent Confinement Ventilation Louvers © Lagerwey

39 Safety... Paul Gipe & Assoc. Anti-Climb Guards Shaft Guards Two-Person Crews Regular Reviews Myth Busting “Never Fall Ascending” “Want to Jump Free”


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