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Fall Protection. Cal/OSHA: 8 CCR Article 24 1669 – 1671.2 Federal OSHA: Subpart M 1926.500 -.503.

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Presentation on theme: "Fall Protection. Cal/OSHA: 8 CCR Article 24 1669 – 1671.2 Federal OSHA: Subpart M 1926.500 -.503."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fall Protection

2 Cal/OSHA: 8 CCR Article – Federal OSHA: Subpart M

3 Employees must be protected from falls

4  Guardrails  Restraints  Covers  Equipment  Building design

5  Federal OSHA General Trigger - 6 feetResidential Roofers – 6 feetRod Busters – 6 feetIronworkers – 15 feetConnectors – 30 feet  Cal/OSHA  General Trigger – 7.5 feet  Framers – 15 feet  Commercial Roofer – 20 feet (measured from lowest edge)  Residential Roofer (slope 3:12 to 7:12) – 15 feet  >7:12 fall protection is mandatory regardless of height

6  Guardrails  Hole Covers  Safety Nets  Restraint Systems  Positioning Systems  Fall Arrest Systems

7  Federal OSHA  Top Rail inches high  Mid Rail – Between top and bottom (21 inches)  Toe Board 3.5 inches high  Posts – 8 feet apart  Cal/OSHA  Top Rail inches high  Mid Rail – Between top and bottom (21 inches)  Toe Board 3.5 inches high  Posts – 8 feet apart

8  Top Rail lbs. outward and downward force  Mid Rail – 150 lbs.  Toe-board – 50 lbs.  Deflection - <3 inches

9  Flagged every 6 feet  Deflect < 3 inches  Proper U Bolt clips

10  Guardrails required at 6 feet (Federal OSHA)  Guardrails required at 7.5 feet (Cal/OSHA)

11  Guardrails or covers  Covers must  Be secure  Labeled  Support twice the exposed weight

12  Fall protection required  If used near leading edge  Over the top of guardrails

13  3,000 lbs. anchor or 2 times intended load  Limit fall to 2 feet  May need fall arrest as well  Typically rebar or carpenters

14  Anchorage – 4 times intended load  Prevents fall POTENTIAL  May use a belt

15  5,000 lbs. anchorage  Full body harness  Retractable lanyards  Shock absorbing lanyards  Double lanyards

16  3,600 lbs. gate strength  Note: WAS 300 lbs.  5,000 lbs. hook strength and lanyard strength  Limit free fall to 6 –feet or less  Deceleration distance of 3.5 feet  Limit arresting force to 1,800 lbs.

17  Attached directly to D-ring  Limit free fall to 2 feet  Be aware:  Swing radius  Pulling out more line than height  Annual inspections

18  Inspect prior to use  Properly store  Keep clean  Wear properly  Keep away from:  Heat, chemicals, harsh cleaners, what else?  No knots!

19  Gate strength of 3,600 lbs.  Double locking  Rated for 5,000 lbs.

20  Designed, installed and used under supervision of Qualified person  Safety factor of 2

21  Rope Grab  Cable Grab  Pipe Grab  One employee per line  5,000 lbs. strength  Align arrow up

22  As high as possible  Support at least 5,000 lbs. for fall arrest  How much for restraint?

23  Prior to each use  Wear marks  Tears  Signs it stopped a fall

24  Cracks in rings, hooks  Distortion of snap hooks or D-rings  Shock absorbers in good condition

25  Check locking mechanism on retractable lanyard  Check cable  Ensure annual inspection is done

26  UV damage  Chemical burns  Thermal burns  Fraying

27  Clean dry place  Hung properly  Away from heat  No sharp objects  No chemicals  Power tools  Tangles

28  Correct  Incorrect

29  Correct  Incorrect

30  PROMPT!!!!  What can hanging in a harness do to you?  Have a written plan  Self rescue or outside rescue?  Do not rely on 911 alone!

31  As close as possible to working surface  30 feet maximum distance  Clearance below  Inspected weekly  Drop tested

32  Consist of ropes, wires, tapes, etc.  Flagged every 6 feet  200 lbs. breaking strength  Edge distances vary depending on task  39 to 45 inches high

33  Low slop roof work or fall protection plan covered employees only  Monitor shall have no other task  No mechanical equipment used

34  Monitor must be competent  Monitor must be on the same working level  Clear communications

35  Only for  Leading edge work  Precast concrete erection work  Residential construction work  ALL other methods must be infeasible (good luck)

36  Conforms To  Drafted by Qualified Person  Site specific  Maintained at jobsite  Supervised by Competent Person  Document why other methods are not feasible

37  Anyone that might be exposed  Recognition of hazards  Minimize hazards  Employee rolls

38  Nature of fall hazards  Fall protection systems  Maintenance of systems  Inspection of systems

39  Regulatory standards  Equipment limitations  Storage of equipment

40  Name of employee  Name of trainer or employer  Training date(s)  Signature of trainer

41  Workplace changes  Equipment changes  Employee actions or inactions

42  How many lbs. must the anchor support for a fall arrest system?  5,000  How often do you inspect your equipment?  Before each use

43  How much weight must a guardrail support?  200 lbs.  What is the standard guardrail height?  inches


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