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2 The Global Automotive Industry Climate Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emissions.

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Presentation on theme: "2 The Global Automotive Industry Climate Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emissions."— Presentation transcript:


2 2 The Global Automotive Industry Climate Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emissions

3 3 Transport CO2 emissions compared to TOTAL man made emissions Road transport share of global CO2 emissions: LESS THAN 16% COST EFFICIENCY IS CRUCIAL ! Road Transport (Cars, Trucks & Buses) Electricity Generation & Heating Manufacturing & Construction Fuel combustion for other uses 15.9% 43.9% 18.2% 12.2%

4 4 CO 2 emissions - EU-15 Sales weighted average – new passenger cars Source: EU Commission communication – SEC(2006) l/100km % since l/100km 6.7 l/100km 5.8 l/100km grammes/km Petrol Diesel All fuels

5 5 Research and Development 85 billion /year in R&D > cars/year in EU with <120 g/km CO 2 Development of sophisticated technologies New propulsion technologies / alternative fuels Affordability Time to bring to the market Time to replace existing fleets

6 6 The Integrated Approach to reduce Road Transport CO 2 Vehicle technology and its penetration Fuel infrastructure Improved traffic management Final consumer – ECO driving Government policies: ClearCoherent PredictableStable

7 7 Fuel Quality Vehicle and fuel: one complete integrated system Clean vehicles need clean fuels UN ECE activities starting to define link emissions/vehicle/fuel Strong support by auto industry

8 8 Xavier Fels President CCFA (French Automotive Manufacturers Association) Vice-President OICA Geneva Motor Show 5 March 2008 Reducing CO 2 emissions The situation in Europe

9 9 The engine of Europe 18.6 million vehicles produced per year, 1/3 of global production 2.3 million direct jobs, indirect employment for another 10 million families 20 billion in R&D spending, largest private investor 41.6 billion of net trade contribution 360 billion of tax revenues

10 10 The automotive industry is committed Automotive industry is strongly involved and committed 13% reduction CO 2 emissions through vehicle performance only ( ) Car industry is building on significant technological investments and progress to date All manufacturers are making considerable efforts: Need for global, consistent and cost- effective action. Engine and transmission Light weight materials Improved aerodynamics Alternative fuel technologies Friction reduction Hybrid, plug-in … and many more

11 11 EU Commission only focus on car technology December 19, 2007 : European Commissions legislative proposal on CO 2 reduction from cars : 120g/km in 2012: –130g/km through technologies (e.g. engine) –5g/km through bio fuels –5g/km through complementary vehicle technology measures (Gear shift indicator, Energy-efficient air-conditioning, Low rolling resistance tyres, Tyre pressure monitoring systems,…) Narrow focus only on new car technology instead of an integrated approach involving all relevant stakeholders –Contrary to holistic approach adopted in Commissions Energy Efficiency Action Plan –Contrary to better regulation principles

12 12 Reducing CO2 emissions – – integrated approach An integrated approach Delivering majority of new car CO2 reductions Sustainable production Reducing congestion Influencing demand in a harmonised way

13 13 Unrealistic lead time (1) 2012 for reaching 130g/km for new car fleet is unrealistic: Typical product cycle for a car is ~6-7 years; development phase is ~5 years from concept definition until start of production Of new cars sold in 2012… Nearly 2/3 are already in execution or production phase The remaining 1/3 are already in concept phase

14 14 Unrealistic lead time (2)

15 15 The European auto industry needs: Engagement of the consumers through a CO2 oriented labelling and tax policy Fair and cost-effective rules it can comply with, in particular: Level of compensation payments that should be no higher than for other sectors (the proposed level of penalty is equivalent to 475 per ton while the current CO2 price on the market is 5 per ton !) Better reward and encouragement for eco innovations such as: Energy-saving car lights, tools to personalise engine and transmission management, tailored on-board computers and navigation systems …

16 16 Thank you The European auto industry needs to maintain diversity and affordability of cars to customers.

17 17 How the United States Is Meeting the CO2 Challenge PRESENTATION BY Dave McCurdy President & CEO Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers March 5, 2008

18 18 Higher MPG, Lower CO 2 The historic 2007 U.S. Energy Bill will produce dramatic results by 2020: Raises mileage standards to 35 MPG, a 40% increase; Reduces carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from autos by 30%; Avoids 206 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually; Lowers oil consumption by 1.1 million barrels a day; Saves 18 billion gallons of gasoline per year; and Requires 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels annually. 18

19 19 Automakers Represent the First Industry to Make Dramatic CO 2 Reductions America needs a more CO 2 -efficient society, and a new fleet of CO 2 -efficient autos will be dominating the marketplace. d produce less CO 2. By reducing CO 2 by 30%, automakers will lead all industries in setting a clear path to meeting the recent United Nations Bali Climate Change Summits goal of a 50% reduction in CO 2 emissions by

20 20 A Multi-Sector Approach to Climate Change EFFECTIVE POLICY NEEDS TO: Foster more alternative fuel choices, especially more low- carbon, renewable fuels; Implement an aggressive program to enhance Americas fuels infrastructure, so our advanced technology autos have the fuels needed to power them; Empower the research and development community to move us closer to technology breakthroughs like batteries for plug-in hybrids and fuel cells; Encourage the U.S. investment community to stimulate economic investments in our future fuels and technologies; Involve all levels of government. 20 Consumers Policy should encourage consumers to conserve fuel and to consider purchasing one of the many fuel- efficient autos on sale today.

21 21 An effective climate change policy must be built upon a multi-sector approach that involves all stakeholders. A Multi-Sector Approach to Climate Change 21 UTILITIES & MANUFACTURING CONSUMERS FUEL PROVIDERSAIRPLANESLOW-CARBON FUELS AUTOSBOATSTRAINS

22 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 22 Japans Approach to CO 2 Reduction Yoshiyasu Nao President Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 5 March 2008

23 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 23 CO 2 emissions in Japans transport sector are decreasing. In line with the Kyoto Protocol, the Japanese government formulated a target achievement plan which established CO 2 reduction targets for all major sectors including the transport sector. Since peaking in 2001, CO 2 emissions in Japans transport sector have been on a downward trend, dropping to 254 million tons in Through greater automotive fuel efficiency, improved traffic flow, the wider use of alternative-energy vehicles and other measures including the adoption of eco-driving practices, the transport sectors target for 2010 is achievable. CO 2 Emission Volumes in Japans Transport Sector million tons Other: 5.6 Improved traffic flow: 28.3 Greater fuel efficiency 21.0 Source: Ministry of Environment data An estimated 54.9 million tons of CO2 will not be emitted (through greater fuel efficiency: 21 million tons; through improved traffic flow: 28.3 million tons; through wider use of alternative-energy vehicles and other measures : 5.6 million tons) in order to meet Japans Kyoto Protocol-related transport-sector target Source: JAMA

24 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 24 Achieving Greater Fuel Efficiency The average fuel efficiency of new cars sold in Japan is increasing every year, making a significant contribution to CO 2 reduction. Japans 2010 fuel efficiency standard for passenger cars has already been met (and in fact exceeded), as a result of intensive efforts and considerable financial investment by Japans automakers. Reducing CO 2 emissions in the transport sector by 21 million tons through greater fuel efficiency, as per Japans Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, is achievable. JAMA member companies are now working hard towards compliance with Japans very stringent 2015 fuel efficiency standard for passenger cars. Trend in the Average Fuel-Efficiency Performance of Gasoline-Powered Passenger Cars 2015 fuel efficiency target Despite the achievements in fuel efficiency performance to date, meeting the 2015 target remains a major challenge. Average fuel efficiency for new cars sold in Japan reached 16.0 km/l in 2006, exceeding the 2010 target of 15.1 km/l. Average fuel efficiency performance (new vehicles)

25 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 25 Improving Traffic Flow Improved traffic flow is achieved through: Improvements to road infrastructure Greater efficiency in goods distribution Wider application of ITS Use of advanced signal-control systems Etc. Improved traffic flow contributes to CO 2 reduction by enabling increased vehicle speed, which in turn contributes to greater automotive fuel efficiency. Source: Japan Automobile Research Institute data CO 2 emissions CO 2 emission levels

26 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 26 Adopting an Integrated Sectoral Approach to CO 2 Reduction Adopting an Integrated Sectoral Approach to CO 2 Reduction Greater Fuel Efficiency Improved Traffic Flow More Efficient Use of Motor Vehicles Supply of Alternative Fuels Improving automotive fuel efficiency and traffic flow is not enough to reduce CO 2 emissions in the road transport sector. An integrated approach is required, which includes the development and supply of alternative fuels and a more efficient use of vehicles. The adoption of these measures will ultimately make CO 2 reduction efforts compatible with economic growth. All stakeholders concerned should identify their individual responsibilities and make their best efforts to carry them out, in a framework of mutual cooperation. Automakers/ Government [fuel efficiency standards] Government [road infrastructure upgrades, ITS, enforce- ment of parking bans, etc.] Government/ Fuel suppliers/ Automakers [biofuels, etc.] Vehicle users (with the cooperation of fleet operators & government promotion) [eco-driving, vehicle sharing, more efficient goods distribution, shift to rail transport, etc.]

27 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 27 Summary CO 2 reductions in the transport sector can be achieved through comprehensive measures including greater automotive fuel efficiency (through improved vehicle technologies), improved traffic flow (through road infrastructure improvements including better traffic management), and the more efficient use of vehicles. Under Japans Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, an integrated, sectoral approach to reducing road transport CO 2 emissions is steadily proving successful. The sectoral approach can be adopted globally on a country-by- country basis. JAMA hopes that many countries will decide to adopt this approach and take action accordingly, so that CO 2 reductions can be achieved worldwide.

28 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 28 Thank you! Read our annual environment

29 Overview of Current Fuel consumption targets in EU, US and Japan Corporate Average Fuel Economy (Uniform Target) Present target: 27,5 mpg = ~ 204 gCO 2 /km (US Cycle) Penalties: 5,5 $ per 0,1 mpg = ~ 5 per gCO 2 /km x vol. cars Future Target: 35 mpg by 2020 = ~ 160 gCO 2 /km (US Cycle) Parametric approach: Weight (segmentation) Future Target: 16.8 km/l by 2015 = 138 g CO 2 /km (Japan Cycle) Penalties: ~ /manufacturer Integrated Approach: Approximately 50% CO2 reduction by infrastructure Parametric approach: Weight (segmentation) Target: 120 gCO 2 /km by 2012 (130 g through Vehicle Technology - 10 g through Complementary measures & biofuels) Penalties: 2012 / 2013 / 2014 / / 35 / 60 / 95 / g CO 2 /km x vol. cars Integrated Approach : 5 gr CO 2 reduction by biofuels – NO reduction by Infrastructure Commission proposal - under discussion

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