o Most verbs are regular. o You add -ed to regular verbs to state a past action or when you use a helping verb (has, have, had). o There are spelling rules that apply to regular verbs when adding -ed.
Mary loves to paint.
Mary painted a tree.
Rules for adding – ed add -ed Present Tense Past Tense Helping Verb + Past Tense startstartedhas started traveltraveledhave traveled
Rules for adding – ed drop e then add -ed Present TensePast Tense Helping Verb + Past Tense admireadmiredhas admired bakebakedhave baked
change y to i then add -ed Present TensePast Tense Helping Verb + Past Tense tidytidiedhave tidied fryfriedhas fried Rules for adding – ed
double the consonant then add -ed Present TensePast Tense Helping Verb + Past hophoppedhave hopped robrobbedhas robbed Rules for adding – ed
o Irregular verbs do not end in -ed when stating a past action or when paired with a helping verb. o For most irregular verbs, the word changes. o When irregular verbs are paired with a helping verb (has, have, or had) it is called a past participle.
I ride my bicycle. He eats ice cream. We fall.
I rode my bicycle. She ate ice cream. We fell.
I have ridden my bicycle. She has eaten her ice cream. We have fallen.
o Use today and yesterday to help determine past tense. o Add -ed ? Then it’s a regular verb! o Change the word? Then it’s an irregular verb!
Today I sneeze. Yesterday I sneezed. sneeze sneezed swim swam take took paint painted jump jumped fight fought Add -edChanged the Word Added-ed Regular Today I swim. Yesterday I swam. Changed the Word Irregular Today I take. Yesterday I took. Added-ed Regular Today I paint. Yesterday I painted. Today I jump. Yesterday I jumped. Added-ed Regular Changed the Word Irregular Today I fight. Yesterday I fought.
From Goin’ Someplace Special By Patricia C. McKissack Holding her hat, “Tricia Ann leaned back as far as she could to see Peach Fountain’s magnificent water show. It made her dizzy to watch the sprays that shot high into the air, but she liked the feeling and turned ‘round and ‘round with her arms outstretched. Then, giggling, she staggered on wobbly legs to a nearby bench.
Verb from TextPresent TensePast Tense Regular or Irregular? holding holdheld irregular leaned lean leaned regular made make made irregular shot shoot shot irregular liked like liked regular turned turn turned regular outstretched outstretch outstretched regular giggling giggle giggled regular stagger stagger staggered regular
Today the dog will bite. Yesterday the dog bit. bite bit wander wandered clean cleaned blow blew wash washed hang hung Add -edChanged the Word Changed the word Irregular Added –ed Regular Changed the word Irregular Added-ed Regular Changed the Word Irregular
From Goin’ Someplace Special By Patricia C. McKissack At the corner ‘Tricia saw a building rising above all that surrounded it, looking proud I the summer sun. It was much more than bricks and stone. It was an idea. Mama Frances called it a doorway to freedom. When she looked at it, she didn’t feel angry or hurt or embarrassed.
Verb from TextPresent TensePast Tense Regular or Irregular? saw seesaw irregular rising rise raised irregular surrounded surround surrounded regular looking look looked regular was is was irregular called call called regular looked look looked regular feel feel felt irregular
o Complete the practice sheet “Regular and Irregular Verbs” o You will work independently, with a partner, or in a small group. o We will check your work afterwards. Regular and Irregular Verbs