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MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt. 35-10)1 VOLUME 1 - part 7 PROVISIONS CONCERNING TRANSPORT OPERATIONS 7. 1. Stowage 7.2. Segregation 7.3. Transport of cargo.

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Presentation on theme: "MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt. 35-10)1 VOLUME 1 - part 7 PROVISIONS CONCERNING TRANSPORT OPERATIONS 7. 1. Stowage 7.2. Segregation 7.3. Transport of cargo."— Presentation transcript:

1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )1 VOLUME 1 - part 7 PROVISIONS CONCERNING TRANSPORT OPERATIONS Stowage 7.2. Segregation 7.3. Transport of cargo transport units on board ships 7.4 Packing of cargo transport units

2 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) General provisions Except in class 1, ships are divided into two groupings: Cargo ships or passenger ships carrying ≤ 25 passengers or 1 passenger per 3 metres of overall length (1) Other passenger ships in which the limiting number of passengers is exceeded (2)  Stowage category A (1)-(2) ON DECK OR UNDER DECK  Stowage category B (1) ON DECK OR UNDER DECK (2) ON DECK ONLY  Stowage category C (1)-(2) ON DECK ONLY  Stowage category D (1) ON DECK ONLY (2) PROHIBITED  Stowage category E (1) ON DECK OR UNDER DECK (3) PROHIBITED

3 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) General provisions  When DGL indicates: shaded from radiant heat, stowage under deck shall be “away from” sources of heat  When DGL indicates: protection from sources of heat, this includes “away from” sparks, flames, steam pipes, heating coils, top or side walls of heated fuel and cargo tanks, and bulkheads of machinery spaces  Portable tanks shall not be overstowed by other cargo transport units unless they are designed for that purpose and transported in specially designed ships, or unless they are specially protected to the satisfaction of the competent authority

4 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage in relation to living quarters  Accommodation  Machinery spaces  Other work areas 1.Needed for TOXIC SUBSTANCES 2.Needed for CORROSIVE SUBSTANCES 3.SUBSTANCES WHICH, IN MOIST AIR, PRODUCE TOXIC OR CORROSIVE VAPOURS 4.SUBSTANCES WHICH EVOLVE STRONGLY NARCOTIC VAPOURS 5.FLAMMABLE, TOXIC OR CORROSIVE GASES OF CLASS 2 True entrances True openings in bulkheads True the ventilation

5 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of marine pollutants  Where stowage is permitted on deck or under deck, under deck stowage is preferred (except when a weather deck provides equivalent protection)  Where stowage on deck only is required, preference shall be given to stowage on well-protected decks or stowage inboard in sheltered areas of exposed decks

6 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage in relation to foodstuffs  The class 6.1 PG I and II or class 2.3: “separated from” foodstuffs, except when the substances and the foodstuffs are in different closed cargo transport units: no segregation CLASSSEGREGATION 6.2 (infectious substances) "separated by a complete compartment or hold from" 7 (radioactive substances) "separated from" 8 (corrosive substances) "away from" 6.1 PG III"away from"

7 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 2 (2.1 flammable gases, 2.2 no flammable, no toxic gases, 2.3 toxic gases)  General stowage precautions When stowed on deck, receptacles shall be protected from radiant heat, which includes protection from direct sunlight Receptacles stowed under deck shall be stowed in mechanically ventilated cargo areas  Stowage precautions for flammable gases Protect flammable gases from heat In enclosed cargo spaces mechanical ventilation shall be provided

8 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 3 ( Flammable liquids)  The goods shall be kept as cool as reasonably possible  Away from all possible sources of heat  Protection shall be provided which shall effectively remove flammable vapours from the cargo space  Liquids with FP ≤23°C in portable tanks: vapors unlikely to penetrate the accomodation, machinery spaces and other work areas (openings in bulkheads; ventilation systems!)

9 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of classes 4.1,4.2 and 4.3 (4.1 = flammable solids, 4.2 = self-reactive substances, 4.3 = substances flammable in contact with water)  The goods shall be kept as cool as reasonably possible  Away from all possible sources of heat  It may be necessary during the voyage to jettison (throw over board) packages if there is danger of involvement in a fire. This shall be borne in mind when stowage is permitted under deck

10 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of classes 4.1,4.2 and 4.3  Stowage precautions for FISHMEAL (UNSTABILIZED: UN 1374; STABILIZED: UN 2216) in containers Doors and other openings sealed to prevent air penetration into the unit 1x/day (morning) temperature readings in the hold Possible need to apply copious quantities of water: stability! Stowage clear of pipes and bulkheads which are liable to become heated

11 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 5.1 (oxidizing substances)  AMMONIUM NITRATE UN 1942 and AMMONIUM NITRATE BASED FERTILIZERS UN2067: May be stowed under deck in a clean cargo space capable of being opened up in an emergency To be considered for loading: The possible need to open hatches in case of fire (max. ventilation) The possible need to apply water and the consequent risk to the stability of the ship

12 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 5.2 (organic peroxides)  Organic peroxides: stowage category D  Organic peroxides shall be stowed away from living quarters or acces to them  Organic peroxides shall be stowed away from sources of heat  Protected from direct sunshine and stowed in a cool, well-ventilated place  It may become necessary to take the appropriate emergency action, such as jettisoning

13 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 6.1 ( toxic substances)  Toxic substances which are also flammable liquids Stowed in a mechanically ventilated space Kept as cool as reasonably practicable Should be stowed “away from” all sources of heat

14 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 8 ( corrosive substances)  All substances for which unprotected plastics packagings are permitted shall be kept as cool as reasonably practicable as the resistance of most plastics decreases at high temperatures  Corrosive substances which are also flammable liquids Stowed in a mechanically ventilated space Kept as cool as reasonably practicable Should be stowed “away from” all sources of heat

15 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 9  AMMONIUM NITRATE BASED FERTILIZER UN2071 In case of fertilizer in containers it is sufficiënt if, in case of an emergency, the cargo is accessible trough free approaches (hatch entries), and mechanical ventilation enables the master to exhaust any gases or fumes resulting from decomposition  To be considered before loading: The possible need to open hatches in case of fire (max. ventilation) The possible need to apply water and the consequent risk to the stability of the ship

16 CHAPTER 7.1 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Stowage of goods of class 9  AMMONIUM NITRATE BASED FERTILIZER UN2071 Shall be stowed out of direct contact with a metal engine-room bulkhead (need to apply to short international voyages)  FISHMEAL, STABILIZED UN 2216: see class 5.1

17 Please wake up! I’m not finished yet!

18 CHAPTER 7.1 Seperate they’re dangerous, Together they’re deadly MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )18

19 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )19

20 Quick segregation Guide

21 Quick segregation guide

22 CHAPTER 7.2 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) General The following segregation terms are used throughout this Code: 1. “Away from” (3 metres) 2. “Separated from” (6 metres) 3. “Separated by a complete compartment or hold from” (12 metres) 4. “Separated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from” (24 metres)

23 CHAPTER 7.2 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) General In addition to the general provisions, there may be a need to segregate a particular substance, material or article from other goods which could contribute to its hazard. Particular provisions for segregation are indicated in the DGL and, in the case of conflicting provisions, always take precedence over the general provisions. UN1001UN1017 UN1597UN2048

24 CHAPTER 7.2 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) General Except for class 1, the segregation provisions for substances, materials or articles having more than two hazards (2 or more subsidiary risk labels) are given in the DGL. UN1045UN1036 UN1295UN 1308

25 CHAPTER 7.2 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) Segregation groups Similar technical properties 1acids 2ammonium compounds 3bromates 4chlorates 5chorites 6cyanides 7heavy metals and their safts 8hypochlorite's 9lead and its compounds 10liquid halogenated hydrocarbons 11mercury and mercury compounds 12nitrites and their mixtures 13perchlorates 14permanganates 15powdered metals 16peroxides 17azides 18alkalia UN1935UN1939 UN2785UN3253 UN3367UN2024

26 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )26 CHAPTER N.O.S entries ( not otherwise specified) It is recognized that not all substances falling within a segregation group are listed in the Code by name. These substances are shipped under N.O.S entries. Although these entries are not listed themselves in the above groups, the shipper shall decide whether allocation under the segregation group is appropriate. UN 1760 CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. UN 2924 FLAMMABLE LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. UN 3098 OXIDIZING LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S.

27 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )27 CHAPTER Substances of the same class Substances of the same class may be stowed together without regards to segregation required by secondary hazards (subsidary risk labels), provided the substances do not react dangerously with each other and cause: 1.Combustion and/or evolution of considerable heat 2.Evolution of flammable, toxic gases 3.The formation of corrosive substances 4.The formation of unstable substances EXPLANATION PRODUCER (MSDS) NO SEGREGATION REQUIRED

28 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )28 CHAPTER Special provisions No segregation needs to be applied between dangerous goods of different classes which comprise the same substance but vary only in their water content. NO SEGREGATION REQUIRED Example: UN 1385 SODIUM SULPHIDE, ANHYDROUS (waterfree) class 4.2 UN 1849 SODIUM SULPHIDE, HYDRATED class 8 With not less than 30% water

29 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )29 CHAPTER Special provisions NO SEGREGATION REQUIRED UNPSNClassSubs. Risk 2014 HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE D, LIQUID ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE E, LIQUID ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE F, LIQUID HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AND PEROXYACETIC ACID, MIXTURE, STABILIZED 5.18

30 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )30 CHAPTER Special provisions NO SEGREGATION REQUIRED UNPSNClassSubs. Risk 1295TRICHLOROSILANE4.33/8 1818SILICON TETRACHLORIDE DICHLOROSILANE2.32.1/8

31 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )31 1. “Away from” PROHIBITED STOWAGE AREA 3 METERS Reference package Package containing incompatible goods If the same compartment or hold or on deck if horizontal separation of 3m, projected vertically

32 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )32 1. “Separated from” Under deck: in different compartments or holds On deck: at least 6m Deck resistant to fire and liquid

33 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )33 One of the two decks must be resistant to fire and liquid 3. “Seperated by a complete compartement or hold from” Vertical or horizontal separation If intervening decks not resistant to fire and liquid: only longitudinal separation On deck: at least 12m 12m

34 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )34 24m including intervening compartment 4.“Seperated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from” Vertical separation alone does not meet this requirement On deck: at least 24m from eachother

35 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt ) 35 SEGREGATION SEGREGATION IN CARGO TRANSPORT UNITS 3 possibilities  Allowed  Allowed under conditions  Forbidden  TABEL Port authorities

36 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1263 UN 1993 UN 2078

37 Can you load them together in a container? 3 UN UN UN 2078 YES, can be loaded in 1 container

38 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1965 UN 1726

39 Can you load them together in a container? 2.1 UN UN 1726 NO, “away from” eachother

40 Can you load them together in a container? UN 2727 UN 2966

41 Can you load them together in a container? 6.1/5.1 UN UN 2966 NO, “away from” eachother

42 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1300 UN 2601

43 Can you load them together in a container? 3 UN UN 2601 NO, “seperate from” eachother

44 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1300 UN 1950

45 Can you load them together in a container? 3 UN UN 1950 ( as for class 9) YES, can be loaded in 1 container

46 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1305 UN 3295 UN 3084

47 Can you load them together in a container? 3/8 UN UN /5.1 UN 3084 NO, “seperate from” eachother

48 Can you load them together in a container? UN 3265 UN 1835

49 Can you load them together in a container? 8 UN 3265 (ACIDS) 8 UN 1835 ( SEPERATE FROM ACIDS) NO, not allowed

50 Can you load them together in a container? UN 1750 UN 2744 UN 1022

51 Can you load them together in a container? 6.1/8 UN 1750 (ACID) 6.1/3/8 UN 2744 (ACID, as 3, away 4.1) 2.2UN 1022 NO, “away from” eachother

52 Can you load them together in a container? UN 2427 UN 2071

53 Can you load them together in a container? 5.1 UN 2427 (seperate from ammonium compounds, cyanides and sulphur) 9UN 2071 ( ammonium compounds) No, can not be loaded in 1 container

54 Can you load them together in a container? UN 3082 UN 1080 UN 2859

55 Can you load them together in a container? 9 UN UN UN 2859 (as 5.1, but away from 4.1, 5.1 and 7) Yes, can be loaded in 1 container

56 Can you load them together in a container? UN 3109 UN 3149

57 Can you load them together in a container? 5.2/8 UN /8 (PG II)UN 3149 YES, can be loaded in 1 container!

58 MSC BASIC IMO training(Amdt )58 CHAPTER Special provisions NO SEGREGATION REQUIRED UNPSNClassSubs. Risk 2014 HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE D, LIQUID ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE E, LIQUID ORGANIC PEROXIDE TYPE F, LIQUID HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AND PEROXYACETIC ACID, MIXTURE, STABILIZED 5.18

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