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© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com An Introduction to the IMDG Code Welcome to this free introduction to the IMDG Code from Exis Technologies. This provides a brief overview of the IMDG code structure and requirements. Where applicable, screens are referenced to the relevant IMDG Code clause.
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com An Introduction to the IMDG Code The objective of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code is to: Enhance the safe transport of dangerous goods Protect the marine environment Facilitate the free unrestricted movement of dangerous goods
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com The International Legal Framework The International Maritime Organization (IMO) The IMO is a United Nations specialised agency which has developed international legislation dealing with two key issues for the maritime industry: The safety of life at sea Prevention of pollution from ships IMDG Code reference: 1.1.1
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com The International Legal Framework The International Maritime Organization (IMO) The IMO has developed two international conventions to address these issues: The SOLAS Convention (covering safety of life at sea) The MARPOL Convention (covering pollution prevention ) To supplement the principles laid down in the SOLAS and MARPOL Conventions, the IMO developed the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code. The IMDG code contains detailed technical specifications to enable dangerous goods to be transported safely by sea. The IMDG Code became mandatory for adoption by SOLAS signatory states from 1st January 2004. IMDG Code reference: 1.1.1
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Principles of the IMDG Code The IMDG Code is based on an internationally agreed system which: Groups dangerous goods together based on the hazards they present in transport (classification). Contains the dangerous goods in packagings/tanks which are of appropriate strength and which will prevent the goods escaping. Uses hazard warning labels and other identifying marks to identify dangerous goods in transport. Requires standard documentation to be provided when dangerous goods are being transported. Lays down principles for ensuring that dangerous goods which will react dangerously together are kept apart. Lays down principles for where to place dangerous goods on board ship to ensure safe transport. Provides emergency response advice for dangerous goods involved in a fire or spillage on board ship.
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Principles of the IMDG Code Updating the IMDG Code The IMDG Code is evolving and is updated every two years to take account of: New dangerous goods which have to be included. New technology and methods of working with or handling dangerous goods. Safety concerns which arise as a result of experience. Continued…
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Principles of the IMDG Code Updating the IMDG Code Each version of the Code is given an Amendment number to signify how many times it has been updated. This number appears at the bottom of each page together with the year of the Amendment. The current Amendment is 35-10 which will remain in force until December 31 st 2013. However, from 1 st January 2013 Amendment 36-12 can also be used because 2013 is a transition year which allows the use of both Amendments in tandem. You can get a preview of the changes in Amendment 36-12 by going to: www.imdgsupport.com Lets look at this Amendment process further.
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com The Amendment Cycle of the IMDG Code Principles of the IMDG Code Each Amendment is valid for up to three years. There are alternating years for implementation. In January of the yellow years, a new Amendment is published and can be used immediately, subject to the timing of National Competent Authority adoption. During the yellow years, the preceding Amendment can also be used, so it is a transition year. In the green years, only the current Amendment may be used.
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Layout of the IMDG Code The Code comprises 7 parts. It is presented in two books; Volume 1 and Volume 2. It is necessary to use both books to obtain the required information when shipping dangerous goods by sea. The Code also contains a Supplement.
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Layout of the IMDG Code Volume 1 (Parts 1-2 & 4-7 of the Code) comprises: Part 1 General provisions, definitions and training Part 2 Classification Part 4 Packing and tank provisions Part 5 Consignment procedures Part 6 Provisions for the construction and testing of pressure receptacles, aerosol dispensers, small receptacles containing gas (gas cartridges) and fuel cell cartridges containing liquefied flammable gas Part 7 Requirements concerning transport operations
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Layout of the IMDG Code Volume 2 (Part 3 and the Appendices of the Code) comprises: Part 3 Dangerous Goods List (DGL), Special Provisions Limited and Excepted Quantities Exceptions Appendix A List of Generic and N.O.S. (Not Otherwise Specified) Proper Shipping Names Appendix B Glossary of terms Alphabetical Index
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Layout of the IMDG Code Supplement The supplement contains the following texts related to the Code: Emergency Response Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods Medical First Aid Guide Reporting Procedures IMO/ILO/ECE Guidelines for Packing Cargo Transport Units Safe Use of Pesticides in Ships, Cargo Holds and CTUs International Code for the Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com IMDG Code Classification System The purpose of the IMDG Codes classification system is: To distinguish between goods which are considered to be dangerous for transport and those which are not. To identify the dangers which are presented by dangerous goods in transport. To ensure that the correct measure are taken to enable these goods to be transported safely without risk to persons or property. IMDG Code reference: 2.0
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com IMDG Code Classification System Dangerous goods are classified into 9 classes according to properties. The way in which different classes of dangerous goods are handled in transport will depend upon these properties and hazards, for example: The type of packaging that can be used. What classes of dangerous goods can be transported together in freight containers. Where the goods can be stored within the port and on the ship. Continued… IMDG Code reference: 2.0
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com IMDG Code Classification System The 9 classes: Class 1 Explosives Class 2 Gases Class 3 Flammable liquids Class 4 Flammable solids Class 5 Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides Class 6 Toxic and infectious substances Class 7 Radioactive material Class 8 Corrosive substances Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles These 9 hazard classes have been established internationally by a United Nations (UN) committee to ensure that all modes of transport (road, rail, air and sea) classify dangerous goods in the same way. Continued… IMDG Code reference: 2.0
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Identification of Dangerous Goods PSN and UN Number Within each of the 9 hazard classes dangerous goods are uniquely identified by two pieces of information: A four-digit number known as the UN Number which is preceded by the letters UN. The corresponding Proper Shipping Name (PSN). For example, kerosene is identified in the IMDG Code by its UN Number UN 1223 and the PSN Kerosene. Continued… IMDG Code reference: 2.0.2
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Identification of Dangerous Goods PSN and UN Number Together the UN Number and PSN uniquely identify dangerous goods to: enable rapid and precise identification during transport to ensure the correct handling, stowage, segregation etc, and in the event of an emergency, ensure that the correct procedures are followed. IMDG Code reference: 2.0.2
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Hazard labels Each of the hazard classes are also identified by labels: Identification of Dangerous Goods IMDG Code reference: 126.96.36.199.2
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Understanding the Dangerous Goods List (DGL) The DGL is presented across 2 pages of the IMDG Code and is divided into 18 columns for each individual dangerous good listed. Much of the information contained in the DGL is coded to make it easier to present in a table. The DGL is arranged in UN Number order; column 1 and column 18 contains the UN Number. To look up an entry, you just need the UN Number. However, dangerous goods can also be searched using the PSN. Therefore, if you do not have the UN Number but have the PSN, you can find its associated UN Number by looking at the alphabetical index at the back of Volume 2. IMDG Code reference: 3.0
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Understanding the Dangerous Goods List (DGL) Column 1 – UN Number Contains the United Nations Number assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN List). Column 2 – Proper Shipping Name (PSN) Contains the Proper Shipping Names in upper case characters which may be followed by additional descriptive text in lower-case characters. Column 3 – Class or Division Contains the class and, in the case of class 1, the division and compatibility group. Column 4 – Subsidiary Risk(s) Contains the class number(s) of any subsidiary risk(s). This column also identifies if dangerous goods are marine pollutants by showing the letter P: IMDG Code reference: 3.0 Continued…
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Column 5 – Packing Group Contains the packing group number (i.e. I, II or III) where assigned to the substance or article. Column 6 – Special Provisions Contains a number referring to any special provision(s) indicated in chapter 3.3. Column 7a – Limited Quantities Provides the maximum quantity per inner packaging. Column 7b – Excepted Quantities Provides a code which can be referenced to determine the maximum quantity per inner and outer packaging. Column 8 – Packing Instructions Contains packing instructions for the transport of substances and articles. IMDG Code reference: 3.0 Continued… Understanding the Dangerous Goods List (DGL)
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Understanding the Dangerous Goods List (DGL) Column 9 – Special Packing Provisions Contains special packing provisions. Column 10 – IBC Packing Instructions Contains IBC instructions which indicate the type of IBC that can be used for the transport. Column 11 – IBC Special Provisions Refers to special packing provisions applicable to the use of packing instructions bearing the code IBC in 188.8.131.52. Column 12 – IMO Tank Instructions This column is no longer used but used to apply to IMO portable tanks and road tank vehicles. Column 13 – UN Tank and Bulk Container Instructions Contains T codes (see 184.108.40.206.6) applicable to the transport of dangerous goods in portable tanks and road tank vehicles. IMDG Code reference: 3.0 Continued…
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Understanding the Dangerous Goods List (DGL) Column 14 – Tank Special Provisions Contains TP notes (see 220.127.116.11) applicable to the transport of dangerous goods in portable tanks and road road tank vehicles. Column 15 – EmS Refers to the relevant emergency schedules for FIRE and SPILLAGE in The EmS Guide – Emergency Response Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods. Column 16 – Stowage and Segregation Contains the stowage and segregation provisions as prescribed in part 7. Column 17 – Properties and Observations Contains properties and observations on the dangerous goods listed. Column 18 – UN Number Contains the United Nations Number for ease of reference across both pages of the printed book. IMDG Code reference: 3.0
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Training Requirements In the 2002 edition of the IMDG Code, training was introduced for the first time. The IMO Member Governments recognised that the safe transport of dangerous goods by sea is dependent upon the appreciation, by all persons involved, of the risks involved and on a detailed understanding of the IMDG Code requirements. The training requirements became mandatory with Amendment 34-08. IMDG Code reference: 1.3 Continued…
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Training Requirements These training requirements highlight the need for all shore- based personnel involved in the shipment of dangerous goods to receive training commensurate with their responsibilities. The IMDG Code defines shore-based personnel as those who: classify dangerous goods and identify PSNs pack dangerous goods mark, label or placard dangerous goods load/ unload CTUS prepare transport documents for dangerous goods offer dangerous goods for transport accept dangerous goods for transport handle dangerous goods in transport prepare dangerous goods loading/stowage plans load/unload dangerous goods into/ from ships carry dangerous goods in transport enforce, survey or inspect for compliance with applicable rules and regulations IMDG Code reference: 1.3
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com IMDG Code e-learning Exis Technologies have developed an interactive computer based e-learning course. Designed primarily for shore-based personnel, it allows the user to select training relevant to their specific job functions. Further details on the course and a free demo are available at www.imdge-learning.com www.imdge-learning.com Exis Technologies also designs Hazcheck Systems for the management of dangerous goods in sea transport. Exis has been setting the dangerous goods compliance benchmark in sea transport for over 25 years. C ontinued …
© Copyright Exis Technologies 2010www.hazcheck.com Hazcheck Systems Hazcheck Systems enable every link in the sea transport chain to automatically process dangerous goods shipments using the IMDG Code, and produce documentation. Hazcheck Online for shippers and forwarders Hazcheck Workstation for shippers, port inspectors and shipping line booking staff Hazcheck Professional for ferry operators and feeder container lines Hazcheck Enterprise for deep sea container lines Hazcheck Gateway for internet-delivered global DG bookings Hazcheck Toolkits for solution providers/information systems developers Please visit www.hazcheck.com for further information, freewww.hazcheck.com trials and purchasing
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